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The World Factbook

The World Factbook
ShowIntroduction :: WORLD Panel - Collapsed Globally, the 20th century was marked by: (a) two devastating world wars; (b) the Great Depression of the 1930s; (c) the end of vast colonial empires; (d) rapid advances in science and technology, from the first airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina (US) to the landing on the moon; (e) the Cold War between the Western alliance and the Warsaw Pact nations; (f) a sharp rise in living standards in North America, Europe, and Japan; (g) increased concerns about environmental degradation including deforestation, energy and water shortages, declining biological diversity, and air pollution; (h) the onset of the AIDS epidemic; and (i) the ultimate emergence of the US as the only world superpower. The planet's population continues to explode: from 1 billion in 1820 to 2 billion in 1930, 3 billion in 1960, 4 billion in 1974, 5 billion in 1987, 6 billion in 1999, and 7 billion in 2012.

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Digital Collections & Programs Historic Newspapers Enhanced access to America's historic newspapers through the Chronicling America project. Historic Sound Recordings The National Jukebox features over 10,000 78rpm disc sides issued by the Victor Talking Machine Co. between 1900 and 1925. Performing Arts Collections, articles and special presentations on music, theater and dance materials from the Performing Arts Encyclopedia. Prints and Photographs Catalog of about half of the Library's pictorial holdings with over 1 million digital images. Veterans History Project Experience first-person stories of wartime service through personal artifacts, audio and video interviews.

Quotes on the Death Penalty For centuries the death penalty, often accompanied by barbarous refinements, has been trying to hold crime in check; yet crime persists. ALBERT CAMUS, Resistance, Rebellion and Death I don’t think you should support the death penalty to seek revenge. I don’t think that’s right. I think the reason to support the death penalty is because it saves other people’s lives. GEORGE W. Mathematica Simulates the Sound of the Big Bang "So, one Saturday morning when I should have been doing something else, I sat down and wrote a 16-line Mathematica program that produces the sound." Physicist, professor, and science columnist John Cramer tells Wolfram Research that he recently used Mathematica to produce a 100-second simulation of the sound of the Big Bang during the first 760,000 years of the evolution of the universe. Cramer, who is on faculty at the University of Washington, reports, "The result sounds rather like a large jet airplane flying over your house at an altitude of 100 feet in the middle of the night." Marcus Chown, a British science writer with whom Cramer frequently interacts, wrote a story about Cramer's simulation for the November 1 issue of New Scientist.

World's richest cities by purchasing power If you think your mayor is among the best in the world, nominate him or her now for the 2014 World Mayor Prize World Mayor 2014: Best mayors wanted The City Mayors Foundation invites you to nominate a candidate for the 2014 World Mayor Prize. The Prize is awarded every two years to a mayor who has made outstanding contributions to his / her community and has developed a vision for urban living and working that is relevant to towns and cities across the world. Previous winners and runners-up include the mayors of Bilbao, Perth, Mexico City, Oklahoma City, Cape Town, Zurich, Melbourne, Amsterdam, Athens, Mississauga and Tirana.

Calisphere - Early Advertising Questions to Consider What do these early ads reveal about American culture during the early 20th century? How are today's ads different from these older ones? Which brands have survived? About the Images Facts on Post-Conviction DNA Exonerations [Print Version] There have been 316 post-conviction DNA exonerations in the United States. • The first DNA exoneration took place in 1989.

Einstein's Big Idea One of Albert Einstein's greatest insights was realizing that time is relative. It speeds up or slows down depending on how fast one thing is moving relative to something else. How much does it change? In this feature originally designed for students in 1996, "Captain Ein" and "Major Stein" have volunteered to help you find out. Send Captain Ein on a round-trip journey to a star and then compare her age with Major Stein's on Earth. NetLogo Home Page NetLogo is a multi-agent programmable modeling environment. It is used by tens of thousands of students, teachers and researchers worldwide. It also powers HubNet participatory simulations. It is authored by Uri Wilensky and developed at the CCL. You can download it free of charge. What can you do with NetLogo?

Primary Source Materials & Document Based Questions Primary Source Materials & Document Based QuestionsAn Internet Hotlist on Document Based Questions created by Paula GoldsteinNassau BOCES Introduction | Primary Source Materials | Document Based Questions | Assessments | General Resources | Constructed Response Questions Introduction Don't depend on someone else's interpretation of a document.

Exodus 21 NIV - “These are the laws you are to set 21 “These are the laws you are to set before them: Hebrew Servants 2 “If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years.

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