CLEMSON UNIVERSITY - MAI 2014 - Thèse en ligne : Fungicide Resistance in Botrytis cinerea from Strawberry - Molecular Mechanisms and Management Abstract The United States is the largest producer of strawberries worldwide, generating approximately $2.4 billion worth of fruit each year. Strawberry production, however, is often threatened by pathogens. One of the most destructive fungal pathogens is Botrytis cinerea, the causal agent of gray mold disease. The control of gray mold in commercial fields is largely dependent on the application of fungicides, including the dicarboximide iprodione and the hydroxyanilide fenhexamid. Recommended Citation Grabke, Anja, "Fungicide Resistance in Botrytis cinerea from Strawberry - Molecular Mechanisms and Management" (2014).
INTECH - JANV 2012 - Fungicides for Plant and Animal Diseases Edited by D. Dhanasekaran, N. Thajuddin and A. Panneerselvam, ISBN 978-953-307-804-5, 298 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published January 13, 2012 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1130 A fungicide is a chemical pesticide compound that kills or inhibits the growth of fungi. In agriculture, fungicide is used to control fungi that threaten to destroy or compromise crops. Chapter 1 Natural Fungicides Obtained from Plantsby Juan A. EFSA Journal 2011;9(11):2430 The 2009 European Union Report on Pesticide Residues in Food EFSA Journal 2011;9(11):2430 [225 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2430 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA On request from: EFSA Question number: EFSA-Q-2010-00160 Approved: 26 October 2011 Published: 08 November 2011 Last updated: 04 April 2012. This version replaces the previous one/s. Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Parma Italy The report gives an overview of the control activities performed in 2009 by the 27 EU Member States and two EFTA countries (Iceland and Norway) in order to ensure compliance of food with the standards defined in European legislation on pesticide residues. Typically, in each European reporting country two control programmes are in place: a national control/monitoring programme (designed by each country) and a coordinated European programme for which clear guidance is given on which specific control activities should be performed by the Member States. Out of the 138 pesticides tested, measurable residues were found for 111 different substances.
Crop Protection Volume 77, November 2015, Detection of Botrytis cinerea field isolates with multiple fungicide resistance from table grape in Sicily a Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Catania, Catania 95123, Italyb Institute of Sciences of Food Production National Research Council (ISPA-CNR), Bari 70126, Italyc Crop and Soil Systems Research Group, Scotland's Rural College, Edinburgh, EH9 3JG, UK Received 10 February 2015, Revised 8 July 2015, Accepted 9 July 2015, Available online 28 July 2015 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2015.07.010 Get rights and content Highlights Botrytis cinerea population showed a variable sensitivity level to botryticides. About 10% of field isolates possessed resistance at least to two or more fungicides. Different isolates were simultaneously resistant to four different fungicide classes. No isolates were found resistant to fenexamid and fludioxonil. Management of resistance in vineyard is needed to delay multiple fungicide breakdown. Abstract Keywords
PEST MANAG. SCI. - SEPT 2011 - Effects of disease control by fungicides on greenhouse gas emissions by UK arable crop production Page 1 Research Article Received: 4 October 2010 Revised: 21 January 2011 Accepted: 31 January 2011 Published online in Wiley Online Library: 14 April 2011 (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI 10.1002/ps.2151 Effects of disease control by fungicides on greenhouse gas emissions by UK arable crop production David J Hughes,a,b Jonathan SWest,a Simon D Atkins,a Peter Gladders,c Michael J Jegerb and Bruce DL Fitta∗ Abstract BACKGROUND: The UK government has published plans to reduce UK agriculture’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. same time, the goal of global food security requires an increase in arable crop yields. fungicides have an important role in meeting both objectives. RESULTS: It is estimated that UK winter barley production is associated with GHG emissions of 2770 kg CO2 eq. ha−1 of crop and 355 kg CO2 eq. t−1 of grain. CO2 eq. t−1 in UK winter barley and 29–39 kg CO2 eq. t−1 in UK spring barley. disease control on yield and to variant GHG emissions assumptions is presented. a tonne of grain. c Yield
MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY 23/09/11 Late-season fungicide sprays in grapes and potential effects on fermentation Knowing what spray to use, the rate applied and rainfall amount are factors to consider when concerned if applying a late-season fungicide spray in grapes will lead to problems with fermentation. Posted on September 23, 2011 by Annemiek Schilder, Michigan State University Extension, Department of Plant Pathology Most pesticides leave detectable residues on fruit and, for safety reasons, have a restriction on when the last spray can be applied prior to harvest. This is called the pre-harvest interval (PHI). Fungicides differ greatly in their PHI’s, with some allowed on the day of harvest (i.e., Oxidate, Serenade) and some having a 66-day PHI (i.e., Manzate, Ridomil MZ). The PHI is related to the residue tolerance (amount of active ingredient allowed on the harvested portion of a crop), how fast the residue is known to degrade, and how the crop is used, although sometimes it is difficult to understand how the same fungicide can have radically different PHI’s depending on the crop. Dr.
FRONTIERS IN MICROBILOGY 14/10/16 The Nitrogen Availability Interferes with Mycorrhiza-Induced Resistance against Botrytis cinerea in Tomato Introduction Beneficial microbe-plant associations are common in nature, and their benefits to plant health and their potential application in agriculture are under extensive scrutiny (Campos-Soriano and San Segundo, 2011; Smith and Smith, 2011). Among these associations, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is one of the most widespread mutualistic associations worldwide. AM symbioses are established between soil-borne fungi from the phylum Glomeromycota, known as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), and the roots of more than 80% of plant species. These fungi are ubiquitous obligate biotrophs that colonize plant roots to obtain plant carbohydrates for the formation, maintenance, and function of mycorrhizal structures and to complete their life cycle (Bago et al., 2000). MIR has been associated with the metabolic and genetic rearrangement that occurs as a consequence of the AMF colonization of roots that affects plant primary and secondary metabolism (Rivero et al., 2015). Results
Cienc. Rural vol.42 no.12 Santa Maria Dec. 2012 Aerial fungicide application on irrigated lowland rice with varying spraying noz Aplicação aérea de fungicidas na cultura do arroz irrigado com diferentes bicos de pulverização Aerial fungicide application on irrigated lowland rice with varying spraying nozzles Tânia BayerI; Adriano ArruéII, 1; Ivan Francisco Dressler da CostaIII; Giuvan LenzIII; Cezar CoradiniIII; Bruno Giacomini SariIII; Maiquel Pizzuti PesIII IDepartament d’Enginyeria Agroalimentària i Biotecnologia, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Castelldefels, Catalunha, Espanha IIDepartamento de Defesa Fitossanitária, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), Av. Roraima, 1000, Cidade Universitária, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil. Na safra agrícola 2007/2008, foi realizado um estudo com o objetivo de avaliar a deposição e penetração de gotas através de cartões hidrossensíveis e análise cromatográfica. Palavras-chave: bico hidráulico, bico eletrostático e atomizador rotativo de disco. Key words: hydraulic nozzle, electrostatic nozzle and rotary-disk atomizer.
FOOD CONTROL - 2010 - Pesticide residues and microbiological quality of bottled wines Abstract In the study we determined the pesticide residues and microbiological quality of bottled wines. Pesticide residues in wine were analysed using the multiresidual method with GC–MS, the multiresidual method with LC–MS–MS and the method for determination of dithiocarbamate residues with GC–MS. Furthermore, the effect of bentonite and the combined fining agent on the concentration of boscalid in wine was tested. The microbiological analysis was performed using membrane filtration. Nine pesticide residues were determined in the samples. Keywords Wine; Boscalid; Yeasts Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Phytopathology. 2011 Aug;101(8):986-95. Molecular characterization of boscalid resistance in field isolates of Botrytis cinerea from apple. Sensitivity and Efficacy of Boscalid, Fluazinam, and Thiophanate-Methyl for White Mold Control in Snap Bean in New YorkPlant Disease Jul 2017, Volume 101, Number 7, 1253-1258Abstract | Full Text HTML | PDF Print | PDF with Links Resistance to the SDHI Fungicides Boscalid, Fluopyram, Fluxapyroxad, and Penthiopyrad in Botrytis cinerea from Commercial Strawberry Fields in SpainPlant Disease Jul 2017, Volume 101, Number 7, 1306-1313Abstract | Full Text HTML | PDF Print | PDF with Links Occurrence of Fungicide Resistance in Botrytis cinerea from Greenhouse Tomato in Hubei Province, ChinaPlant Disease Dec 2016, Volume 100, Number 12, 2414-2421Abstract | Full Text HTML | PDF Print | PDF with Links Fungicide Resistance Profiling in Botrytis cinerea Populations from Blueberry in California and Washington and Their Impact on Control of Gray MoldPlant Disease Oct 2016, Volume 100, Number 10, 2087-2093Abstract | Full Text HTML | PDF Print | PDF with Links
PLOS 10/08/12 An Epidemiological Framework for Modelling Fungicide Dynamics and Control Defining appropriate policies for controlling the spread of fungal disease in agricultural landscapes requires appropriate theoretical models. Most existing models for the fungicidal control of plant diseases do not explicitly include the dynamics of the fungicide itself, nor do they consider the impact of infection occurring during the host growth phase. We introduce a modelling framework for fungicide application that allows us to consider how “explicit” modelling of fungicide dynamics affects the invasion and persistence of plant pathogens. Specifically, we show that “explicit” models exhibit bistability zones for values of the basic reproductive number ( ) less than one within which the invasion and persistence threshold depends on the initial infection levels. . . Figures Citation: Castle MD, Gilligan CA (2012) An Epidemiological Framework for Modelling Fungicide Dynamics and Control. Editor: Simon Gubbins, Institute for Animal Health, United Kingdom Copyright: © Castle, Gilligan. .