background preloader

Constructivism in learning

Constructivism in learning
Constructivism is the label given to a set of theories about learning which fall somewhere between cognitive and humanistic views. If behaviourism treats the organism as a black box, cognitive theory recognises the importance of the mind in making sense of the material with which it is presented. Nevertheless, it still presupposes that the role of the learner is primarily to assimilate whatever the teacher presents. Constructivism — particularly in its "social" forms — suggests that the learner is much more actively involved in a joint enterprise with the teacher of creating ("constructing") new meanings. We can distinguish between "cognitive constructivism" which is about how the individual learner understands things, in terms of developmental stages and learning styles, and "social constructivism", which emphasises how meanings and understandings grow out of social encounters—see Vygotsky below. In this sense, conversational theories of learning fit into the constructivist framework.

Social Constructivism From Emerging Perspectives on Learning, Teaching and Technology Beaumie Kim The University of Georgia Review of Social Constructivism Social Constructivism Vignette Vignette By Roy Jackson, Jessica Karp, Ellen Patrick, Amanda Thrower (2006) Mrs. Instead of reading the play aloud in class, allowing the students to remain passive and uninvolved with the text, Mrs. The class was divided into groups of four. At the first meeting, the group decided it was best to start by reading and discussing Act I together; Nia offered her writing skills to the task of making notes about the progression of the plot and the characters’ actions as the group interacted and constructed meaning out of what they read. At the next meeting, they moved on to the more creative aspects of the project, where everyone was able to contribute their own personal skills and talents. By the time the product was constructed, each group member’s mark was on the final outcome, so each had a sense of ownership. References Citation

Academic and Professional Writing: Writing a Research Paper This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide. Discovering, Narrowing, and Focusing a Researchable Topic Try to find a topic that truly interests you Try writing your way to a topic Talk with your course instructor and classmates about your topic Pose your topic as a question to be answered or a problem to be solved Finding, Selecting, and Reading Sources You will need to look at the following types of sources: library catalog, periodical indexes, bibliographies, suggestions from your instructor primary vs. secondary sources journals, books, other documents Grouping, Sequencing, and Documenting Information The following systems will help keep you organized: Writing an Outline and a Prospectus for Yourself What is the topic?

Learning Theories/Constructivist Theories Introduction[edit] Constructivism is a learning theory that attempts to explain how learners learn by constructing understanding for themselves. This section will explore the constructivist learning theory by defining constructivism, providing varying views of constructivism, and illustrating how constructivism relates to independent learning and higher education. Constructivism really got its start in the late 1980s. In the 1990s, constructivist books abounded. The principles of Constructivism are broadly adopted in many areas of education today. Constructivism gives teachers another perspective to rethink how students learn and to focus on process and provide ways of documenting change and transformation. the model building effort, elicit and communicate student perceptions and interpretations(Abdal-Haqq, 1998). Principles of Constructivism (Abdal-Haqq, I. 1998; Jonassen, 1994) Constructivism defined[edit] Constructivism is a synthesis of multiple theories diffused into one form.

Research Papers Summary: This handout provides detailed information about how to write research papers including discussing research papers as a genre, choosing topics, and finding sources. Contributors:Jack Raymond Baker, Allen BrizeeLast Edited: 2013-02-21 10:38:50 The research paper There will come a time in most students' careers when they are assigned a research paper. Becoming an experienced researcher and writer in any field or discipline takes a great deal of practice. This handout will include the following sections related to the process of writing a research paper: Genre- This section will provide an overview for understanding the difference between an analytical and argumentative research paper. Informal learning networks online: Benefits for students and academics From the President... Welcome to the website of the Australian Association for Research in Education. AARE is a large, national, member-run organisation for educational researchers and educators, and our association plays a critical role in supporting and strengthening major research partnerships and networks for the Australian educational research community. More... AARE-NZARE Joint Conference 2014 The website for the joint AARE-NZARE Conference, to be held in Brisbane from the 30th of November 2014, is now live. We look forward to seeing you in Brisbane in 2014. 2013 Conference Papers now Available Details of all papers presented at the 2013 conference have now been entered into the conference paper archive. Click the link to the left to access and search the database. AER Open Access 'Highlight Articles' A selection of six articles from the Australian Educational Researcher has been made available free of charge for a limited time. New Grant Funding for SIGs Read our Blog EduResearch Matters

Writing in the Disciplines: English - The Process of Writing an English Research Paper The Process of Writing An English Research Paper (printable version here) 1. Choosing an Area of Focus One of the most important steps in the process of writing a research paper for the English discipline is choosing an interesting, engaging topic. An instructor may offer students a range of topics from which to choose or allow students to choose their own areas of focus. Your choice of topic will influence both the effort you invest in your research and the degree to which you enjoy the process. 2. Before beginning in-depth research, consult your instructor. 3. This is perhaps the most important step in the research paper writing process. In order to avoid later confusion, begin each section by recording the author's name, book or article title, and page numbers (if relevant). 4. After rereading your notes and reflecting on the topic, formulate a tentative one-sentence thesis. An initial thesis should be tentative. 5. 6. 7. Is your thesis clear and precise?

Learning literacies in a digital age Download this document1 This paper draws on a JISC report, Thriving in the 21st century: Learning Literacies for the Digital Age, which explores examples of learning literacies provision in UK further and higher education. The nature of work is changing, not just for the growing numbers of graduates directly employed in the ‘digital’ industries. ‘Education can play a role in influencing future cultural and social practices with technology.’Opportunities for learning are also changing and by most measures becoming more numerous and openly available. The nature of knowledge is changing, so that what counts as useful knowledge is increasingly biased towards what can be represented in digital form, and/or applied to immediate problems and situations. The texture of social life is changing, with more and more people conducting and sustaining relationships via digital media. Literacy practices are changing. Institutional strategy for learning literacies Practice in central services

Social Constructivist Theories For a general intro to constructivism click: Overview of constructivism. Overview of Social Constructivism Another cognitive psychologist, Lev Vygotsky ( shared many of Piaget's ( assumptions about how children learn, but he placed more emphasis on the social context of learning. There is a great deal of overlap between cognitive constructivism and Vygotsky's social constructivist theory. Although Vygotsky died at the age of 38 in 1934, most of his publications did not appear in English until after 1960. We call Vygotsky's brand of constructivism social constructivism because he emphasized the critical importance of culture and the importance of the social context for cognitive development. There are thousands of books, articles, and papers on the theories of Vygotsky and the implications of those theories for teaching and learning. General Implications of Social Constructivism 1.