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Ada Lovelace: Founder of Scientific Computing

Ada Lovelace: Founder of Scientific Computing
Born: London, England, December 10, 1815 Died: London, England, November 27, 1852 Ada Byron was the daughter of a brief marriage between the Romantic poet Lord Byron and Anne Isabelle Milbanke, who separated from Byron just a month after Ada was born. Four months later, Byron left England forever. Lady Byron wished her daughter to be unlike her poetical father, and she saw to it that Ada received tutoring in mathematics and music, as disciplines to counter dangerous poetic tendencies. Lady Byron and Ada moved in an elite London society, one in which gentlemen not members of the clergy or occupied with politics or the affairs of a regiment were quite likely to spend their time and fortunes pursuing botany, geology, or astronomy. One of the gentlemanly scientists of the era was to become Ada's lifelong friend. In 1835, Ada married William King, ten years her senior, and when King inherited a noble title in 1838, they became the Earl and Countess of Lovelace. Related:  fataltrespassDistinguished Women

The History of the ENIAC Computer Updated December 16, 2014. "...With the advent of everyday use of elaborate calculations, speed has become paramount to such a high degree that there is no machine on the market today capable of satisfying the full demand of modern computational methods." - from the ENIAC patent (U.S.#3,120,606) filed on June 26, 1947. The ENIAC I In 1946, John Mauchly and John Presper Eckert developed the ENIAC I (Electrical Numerical Integrator And Calculator). The Ballistics Research Laboratory, or BRL, the branch of the military responsible for calculating the tables, heard about John Mauchly's research at the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School of Electrical Engineering. continue reading below our video Loaded: 0% Progress: 0% John Mauchly had previously created several calculating machines, some with small electric motors inside. Partnership of John Mauchly & John Presper Eckert What Was Inside The ENIAC? Contributions of Doctor John Von Neumann Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation

Bright Sparcs Online Exhibition: Amalie Dietrich "I am in the middle of breaking camp and travelling further north to Makay [sic]... You would not believe what it looks like here! Birds, marsupials, shells, corals, insects and plants. (1) Portrait of Amalie Dietrich on her 60th birthday, drawn by Christian Wilhelm Allers, 1881. (2) Letter from Amalie Dietrich to her daughter Charitas Bischoff, Letter 4, Rockhampton, 2 February 1866, cited in Ray Sumner, A Woman in the Wilderness, The Story of Amalie Dietrich in Australia, NSW University Press, Kensington, 1993, p.122 Published by the Australian Science Archives Project on ASAPWeb, 23 May 1996 Comments or corrections to: Bright Sparcs (bsparcs@asap.unimelb.edu.au) Prepared by: Denise Sutherland Updated by: Elissa Tenkate Date Modified: 27 February 1998 Top | Teachers' Unit | Bright Sparcs | ASAPWeb | Next Page

Jean Sammet | National Center for Women & Information Technology Background Jean E. Sammet is a retired computer scientist and programmer who is best-known for her work on FORMAC, the first widely used general language and system for manipulating nonnumeric algebraic expressions. Sammet supervised the first scientific programming group for Sperry Gyroscope Co. (1955-1958). She joined IBM in 1961 to organize and manage the Boston Programming Center. During the 1970s and 1980s, she worked for IBM’s Federal Systems Division in various positions, emphasizing programming language issues including Ada. Sammet is the author of “PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: History and Fundamentals,” which became a standard book on its topic, and was called an “instant computer classic” when published in 1969. She was very active in ACM and held many positions including President, Vice-President, Editor-in-Chief of Computing Reviews, General and/or Program Chair for the first two SIGPLAN History of Programming Languages Conferences (HOPL) in 1978 and 1993.

Hypatia biography Born: about 370 in Alexandria, Egypt Died: March 415 in Alexandria, Egypt Click the picture aboveto see two larger pictures Show birthplace location Hypatia of Alexandria was the first woman to make a substantial contribution to the development of mathematics. Hypatia was the daughter of the mathematician and philosopher Theon of Alexandria and it is fairly certain that she studied mathematics under the guidance and instruction of her father. It is rather remarkable that Hypatia became head of the Platonist school at Alexandria in about 400 AD. Plotinus taught that there is an ultimate reality which is beyond the reach of thought or language. Hypatia came to symbolise learning and science which the early Christians identified with paganism. ... by her eloquence and authority ... attained such influence that Christianity considered itself threatened ... As mentioned above, some letters of Synesius to Hypatia exist. Article by: J J O'Connor and E F Robertson Cross-references in MacTutor

Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Chpt. 1) Frederick Engels Socialism: Utopian and Scientific I [The Development of Utopian Socialism] Modern Socialism is, in its essence, the direct product of the recognition, on the one hand, of the class antagonisms existing in the society of today between proprietors and non-proprietors, between capitalists and wage-workers; on the other hand, of the anarchy existing in production. But, in its theoretical form, modern Socialism originally appears ostensibly as a more logical extension of the principles laid down by the great French philosophers of the 18th century. Like every new theory, modern Socialism had, at first, to connect itself with the intellectual stock-in-trade ready to its hand, however deeply its roots lay in material economic facts. The great men, who in France prepared men’s minds for the coming revolution, were themselves extreme revolutionists. One thing is common to all three. This historical situation also dominated the founders of Socialism. The answer was clear. Notes 1.

ASAP Articles - A passion for physics - Joan Freeman Tim Sherratt Published in Australasian Science, Winter, 1993, p. 64. Funnily, much of what we call 'big science' is concerned with observing very small entities. Large, expensive machines are built to harness the unimaginable forces necessary to open the sub-atomic world to scrutiny. In this fascinating, perhaps frightening, area of research, one Australian woman found an outlet for her curiosity, and made an important contribution to nuclear physics. Joan Freeman was born in Perth in 1918. First though, she had to face the fact that her school offered neither physics nor chemistry at Leaving Certificate level. At university Joan found herself drawn more and more towards physics, even though she was warned that employment prospects were not good for women. This was the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research's Radiophysics Laboratory, where a team of physicists were working on the development of radar systems for use in Australia.

Rediscovering Utopia | Betterhumans > Column "Without a vision the people perish."—Proverbs 29:18 The month in which Islamic terrorists inspired by a utopian vision of a pan-Islamic Sultanate blew up 50 Turks and Britons in Istanbul might seem a strange one in which to argue for the importance of the utopian dimension in politics. But decidedly pragmatic and nonutopian militants are also killing Iraqis and Americans in Baghdad as part of a well-financed resistance to American "liberation." More often, from medieval peasant revolts to Martin Luther King, utopian visions of a freer, more equal and more united future have helped people mobilize against the crushing pragmatic acceptance of day-to-day tyranny and exploitation. Nonetheless, modern conservatives argue that all utopianism leads inexorably to totalitarianism and death camps since utopianism equals Communism, and democratic capitalism was supposedly just the victory of common sense. But is utopianism really so bad? Transhumanist visions Similarly, eco activist J.P.

Clara Schumann – Free listening, videos, concerts, stats and pictures at Last Renaissance Now? - Rushkoff I first posted the embryo of this idea on a bbs called the Well back in 1991 or so. I was wondering, at the time, if recent advances in math, physics, technology and culture constituted a new renaissance. The conversation went on for over a year, and became the basis – or at least an the adjunct – for my book, Cyberia. I still find myself coming back to this notion of renaissance – whether I’m speaking about open source culture or religion. The birth of the Internet era was considered a revolution, by many. I prefer to think of the proliferation of interactive media as an opportunity for renaissance: a moment when we have the opportunity to step out of the story, altogether. Take a look back at what we think of as the original Renaissance – the one we were taught in school. Likewise, calculus – another key renaissance invention – is a mathematical system that allows us to derive one dimension from another. The great Renaissance was a simple leap in perspective.

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