6 Bullshit Facts About Psychology That Everyone Believes Psychology is one of those subjects that everybody likes to think they know something about. We love to go around diagnosing our friends and co-workers, both to make sense of the world and to make ourselves feel like we're smarter than they are. But like any science that makes its way into the pop culture, a lot of the "common sense" statements we hear every day are so wrong that they border on raving idiocy. "If You Let Your Anger Out, You'll Feel Better!" You always hear people talk about how "cathartic" an experience was and how much better they feel, or you'll hear them say things like, "If you keep your anger bottled up, one day you'll just snap!" In fact the "about to go crazy because he can't express anger" character is a mainstay in television and movies (see that Simpsons episode where Ned Flanders finally loses it, and every movie where a renegade cop fires his gun into the air instead of unloading on the bad guy who just killed his wife). Why it is Bullshit: Figure 1.1 Mr.
Management Secrets: Core Beliefs of Great Bosses A few years back, I interviewed some of the most successful CEOs in the world in order to discover their management secrets. I learned that the "best of the best" tend to share the following eight core beliefs. 1. Business is an ecosystem, not a battlefield. Average bosses see business as a conflict between companies, departments and groups. Extraordinary bosses see business as a symbiosis where the most diverse firm is most likely to survive and thrive. 2. Average bosses consider their company to be a machine with employees as cogs. Extraordinary bosses see their company as a collection of individual hopes and dreams, all connected to a higher purpose. 3. Average bosses want employees to do exactly what they're told. Extraordinary bosses set a general direction and then commit themselves to obtaining the resources that their employees need to get the job done. 4. Extraordinary bosses treat every employee as if he or she were the most important person in the firm. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Ces enfants à « haut potentiel » - Maria Pereira-Fradin, article Psychologie Qu'ils soient musiciens prodiges, petits génies des mathématiques ou écrivains en herbe..., les enfants dits à haut potentiel manifestent souvent une précocité dans un domaine très spécifique. Leur étude apporte du crédit à l'idée d'une multiplicité des formes d'intelligence. On les a appelés « génies », « surdoués », puis « enfants précoces ». Aujourd'hui, on préfère parler « d'enfants à haut potentiel ». Depuis plus d'un siècle, ils ont fait l'objet de très nombreuses recherches. Les premières furent celles du Britannique Francis Galton. Dans le sillage de F. Les résultats de cette étude ont été beaucoup commentés et critiqués. Depuis la seconde moitié du XXe siècle, la définition de l'intelligence a bien évolué. Les huit formes d'intelligence Ces enfants, atteints d'autisme ou du syndrome de William, ont en général un déficit intellectuel associé à des dons extraordinaires dans un domaine spécialisé. Pour H. La théorie de l'intelligence développée par R. En résumé, R.
4 Awful Things We're Now Considering Nerd Behavior I'm not a pleasant person to be around. I mean, I'm mostly OK on the outside, but it sometimes seems like the person who lives in my brain and presses the buttons that make me do things is just trying to see how far he can push the envelope before society exiles me to a desert island with nothing but a few years' worth of snacks and a solar-powered laptop so I can play Fallout 2. I'm basically just like any other sociopathic nerd, and I'm guilty of every one of the behaviors I'm about to explain. #4. Lucasfilm Here's an awful truth: We may love the stuff our favorite artists create, but we don't give two shits about them as people. There's no better example of this than the Star Wars prequels. LucasfilmFear leads to anger, anger leads to hastily typed forum posts and a meaningless life. You get angry when someone does something to hurt you or someone/something you care about, not when someone fails to keep doing something you like. I'm not above this at all. Again, this makes no sense.
Our Gardenbrain Economy WE are prisoners of the metaphors we use, even when they are wildly misleading. Consider how political candidates talk about the economy. Last month President Obama praised immigrants as “the greatest economic engine the world has ever known.” Mitt Romney says that extending the will “fuel” a recovery. Others fear a “stall” in job growth. Call it the “Machinebrain” picture of the world: markets are perfectly efficient, humans perfectly rational, incentives perfectly clear and outcomes perfectly appropriate. This self-enclosed metaphor is the gospel of market fundamentalists. What we require now is a new framework for thinking and talking about the economy, grounded in modern understandings of how things actually work. In this new framework, which we call Gardenbrain, markets are not perfectly efficient but can be effective if well managed. Gardenbrain challenges many of today’s most conventional policy ideas. Consider regulation. Is it possible to garden clumsily and ineffectively?
6 Things Everyone Knows About Women (That Aren't True) We previously pointed out how some crude, absurd gender stereotypes are in fact proven true by science. But, in the interest of not letting 60s sitcoms have the last word on the differences between men and women, we should point out how many things "everyone knows" about women just plain aren't true, according to science. Like... Women Aren't As Aggressive Remember that nursery rhyme about what little girls and little boys are made of? Snails and dog tails make you more aggressive. When we grow up, women are more likely to be penalized for displaying too much aggression, while men are rewarded for the exact same behavior. Sometimes with millions of dollars. When actually ... Women might be the more aggressive of the genders. Researchers found that when you deindividuate a person--or place the person in a situation where he or she doesn't have an individual identity--aggressive attitudes are amplified. They found that under normal circumstances, men dropped far more bombs than women.
How You Make Judgments: The Elephant and its Rider Part of the sequence: Rationality and Philosophy Whether you're doing science or philosophy, flirting or playing music, the first and most important tool you are using is your mind. To use your tool well, it will help to know how it works. Today we explore how your mind makes judgments. From Plato to Freud, many have remarked that humans seem to have more than one mind.1 Today, detailed 'dual-process' models are being tested by psychologists and neuroscientists: Since the 1970s dual-process theories have been developed [to explain] various aspects of human psychology... Dual-process theories for reasoning,3 learning and memory,4 decision-making,5 belief,6 and social cognition7 are now widely accepted to be correct to some degree,8 with researchers currently working out the details.9 Dual-process theories even seem to be appropriate for some nonhuman primates.10 We won't try to untangle these mysteries here. Attribute substitution Next: what is attribute substitution? Conclusion Notes
Full Spectrum Reading List: 7 Great Books by TED 2012 Speakers by Maria Popova Anatomy of introversion, inside the brain’s optimism bias, and a blueprint for doomsday from PC Guy. TED time is once again upon us, with this year’s conference, themed Full Spectrum, a mere week away. The question of what makes us happy is likely as old as human cognition itself and has occupied the minds of philosophers, prophets, and scientists for millennia. Underpinning the narrative is a fascinating and dimensional lens on the constant interplay of reason and emotion, intuition and rationality. Human rationality depends critically on sophisticated emotionality. Haidt takes this ambitious analysis of philosophical thought over the centuries and examines it through the prism of modern psychology research to extract a remarkably compelling blueprint for optimizing the human condition for happiness. Do you feel a pang of guilt when you decline a dinner party invitation in favor of a good book and a cup of tea? Share on Tumblr
5 Reasons The Greatest Movie Villain Ever is a 'Good' Witch When you think of The Wizard of Oz's cast of villains, you most likely think of the flying monkeys and the Wicked Witch of the West, and maybe the pissy apple trees and the green dudes guarding the WWotW's castle. Also known as 'Winkies.' True story. If you've seen or read 'Wicked,' you might have a more sympathetic view of the Wicked Witch of the West. It's her, right there. Glinda, not the Wicked Witch of the West, is the cause for everything that goes wrong for Dorothy and her new friends in the land of Oz, and she starts instigating the film's central conflict the second Dorothy shows up. You remember the story, right? And that's when Glinda the Good Witch floats down and merrily interrogates Dorothy to find out if she is a good witch or a bad witch. "And remember only bad people are disabled, Dorothy" You caught that, right? "It's like Saddam's execution all over again." Right off the bat, the Western Witch wants to know who killed her sister. What?!