INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN Learning Theories | Guiding and Facilitating learning | CPLP tabu-sam Theories of Learning. Connectivism: A new type of learning for the digital age idea beverley Theories of Learning. Homeschool Information Processing Theory Humans process information with amazing efficiency and often perform better than highly sophisticated machines at tasks such as problem solving and critical thinking (Halpern, 2003; Kuhn, 1999). Yet despite the remarkable capabilities of the human mind, it was not until the 20th century that researchers developed systematic models of memory, cognition, and thinking. The best articulated and most heavily researched model is the information processing model (IPM), developed in the early 1950s. The IPM consists of three main components, sensory memory, working memory, and long-term memory (see Figure 1). Sensory memory processes incoming sensory information for very brief periods of time, usually on the order of 1/2 to 3 seconds. The main purpose of sensory memory is to screen incoming stimuli and process only those stimuli that are most relevant at the present time. After stimuli enter sensory memory, they are either forwarded to working memory or deleted from the system. Figure 1 Table 1
Chapter 1 Chapter 1 Foundations of Educational Theory for Online Learning Mohamed Ally Athabasca University There is ongoing debate about whether it is the use of a particular delivery technology or the design of the instruction that improves learning (Clark, 2001; Kozma, 2001). According to Bonk and Reynolds (1997), to promote higher-order thinking on the Web, online learning must create challenging activities that enable learners to link new information to old, acquire meaningful knowledge, and use their metacognitive abilities; hence, it is the instructional strategy and not the technology that influences the quality of learning. Online learning allows for flexibility of access, from anywhere and usually at anytime—essentially, it allows participants to collapse time and space (Cole, 2000)—however, the learning materials must be designed properly to engage the learner and promote learning. top For learners, online learning knows no time zones, and location and distance are not an issue. 1. 2. 3.
The perfect poetry lesson: how my teacher brought poems to life | Teacher Network I remember the best poetry lesson I ever had as though it was yesterday; it was at Low Valley Junior School in Darfield, near Barnsley, on a freezing cold morning in 1965. The date is significant because at that time Darfield was part of the legendary West Riding of Yorkshire Education Authority, which was run by the (in my humble opinion) godlike genius Sir Alec Clegg, whose simple creed was that all children are creative, we can all be writers and, wonderfully, we can all be poets. So Mr Meakin took us out into the yard in our scarves and hats and our breath hung like steam. Then we went back to the class and we all (including Mr Meakin, with his brow furrowed and his pencil in his mouth) wrote and rewrote and made books and collages and sculptures until it was time to go to Mrs Hudson for choir practice. The components for that perfect poetry lesson were simple but effective. And finally, Mr Meakin wrote alongside us; he was trying to be a poet too. It's simple, really.
Learning theory: models, product and process Photo by Antenna on Unsplash Contents: introduction · what do people think learning is? · learning as a product · learning as a process · experience · reflective thinking · making connections · committing and acting · task-conscious or acquisition learning, and learning-conscious or formalized learning · the behaviourist orientation to learning · the cognitive orientation to learning · the humanistic orientation to learning · the social/situational orientation to learning · the constructivist/social constructivist orientation to learning · further reading · references · how to cite this article See, also, What is education? Over the last thirty years or so, ‘learning’ has become one of the most used words in the field of education. Yet, for all the talk of ‘learning’, there has been little questioning about what it is, and what it entails. There has been a similar situation in the field of education. [O]ther kinds of social learning are more sophisticated, and more fundamental. Taxonomies
01.31.2006 - Language affects half of what we see UC Berkeley Press Release Language affects half of what we see By William Harms, University of Chicago, and Robert Sanders, UC Berkeley Media Relations | 31 January 2006 BERKELEY – The language we speak affects half of what we see, according to researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Chicago. Scholars have long debated whether our native language affects how we perceive reality - and whether speakers of different languages might therefore see the world differently. A paper published this month in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences supports the idea - but with a twist. The paper, "Whorf Hypothesis is Supported in the Right Visual Field but not in the Left," is by Aubrey Gilbert, Richard Ivry and Paul Kay at UC Berkeley and Terry Regier at the University of Chicago. This new finding is suggested by the organization of the brain, the researchers say.
Which is more democratic? America or Britain? On the surface both Great Britain and America fulfil all the basic requirements of democracy, they have universal suffrage, and both governments are regularly held accountable to the people. However, when it comes to judging which is the most democratic, you have to look at how each system works. When looking at the governmental systems up close it is easy to see them both as being less than full democratic. In both the UK and USA any citizen, be they male or female, black or white, has the right to vote inelections, as long as they are over eighteen years old. This universal suffrage is something that is desperately needed if a country is going to be democratic, for if some citizens are excluded from the right to vote then a government is obviously not democratic because not everyone who lives in that country is getting a chance to say how they want it to be run. America’s democratic claims are also reinforced by the strict separation of powers that is stipulated in the Constitution.
Contemporary Theories of Learning: Learning Theorists … In Their Own Words 1. A Comprehensive Understanding of Human Learning, Knud Illeris 2. Learning to be a Person in Society: Learning to be Me, Peter Jarvis 3. What "Form" Transforms? MSNBC - How to Think About the Mind How to Think About the MindNeuroscience shows that the 'soul' is the activity of the brain Sept. 27 issue - Every evening our eyes tell us that the sun sets, while we know that, in fact, the Earth is turning us away from it. Astronomy taught us centuries ago that common sense is not a reliable guide to reality. Modern neuroscience has shown that there is no user. This resistance is not surprising. The disconnect between our common sense and our best science is not an academic curiosity. Prozac shouldn't be dispensed like mints, of course, but the reason is not that it undermines the will. To many, the scariest prospect is medication that can make us better than well by enhancing mood, memory and attention. In Galileo's time, the counter-intuitive discovery that the Earth moved around the sun was laden with moral danger. Pinker is the Johnstone Family Professor in the psychology department at Harvard. © 2004 Newsweek, Inc.
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The Difference Between Instructivism, Constructivism, And Connectivism - The Difference Between Instructivism, Constructivism, And Connectivism by Terry Heick We spend so much time in education trying to make things better. Better policies. Better technology. Better standards. Better curriculum. Better instruction. Better assessment. Better response to assessment data. And too with research, teacher collaboration, school design, parent communication, and so on. So while viewing a presentation from Jackie Gerstein recently, I was stopped at the very simple distinction she made between instructivism, constructivism, and connectivism. So as you focus in your PLC or staff meetings on better “research-based instruction,” you’re looking at ways to improve how to better deliver instruction–more to understand how to better “give learning” than to cause it. Instructivism is definitely more teacher and institutionally centered, where policy-makers and “power-holders” create processes, resource-pools, and conditions for success. Gerstein’s definition’s appear below. Instructivism
Does Language Shape What We Think? My seventh-grade English teacher exhorted us to study vocabulary with the following: "We think in words. The more words you know, the more thoughts you can have." This compound notion that language allows you to have ideas otherwise un-haveable, and that by extension people who own different words live in different conceptual worlds -- called "Whorfianism" after its academic evangelist, Benjamin Lee Whorf -- is so pervasive in modern thought as to be unremarkable. Eskimos, as is commonly reported, have myriads of words for snow, affecting how they perceive frozen percipitation. For all its social success, Whorfianism has fared less well scientifically. Oh, and Eskimos don't have all that many words for snow. In fact, scientists have had so much difficulty demonstrating that language affects thought that in 1994 renown psychologist Steven Pinker called Whorfianism dead. The lack of number words had a profound and surprising effect on what the Pirahã could do. But the Pirahã can't count.
Time Worksheets | Time Worksheets for Learning to Tell Time Time Worksheets for Learning to Tell Time Here is a graphic preview for all of the time worksheets. You can select different variables to customize these time worksheets for your needs. These time worksheets are a great resource for children in Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, and 5th Grade. Click here for a Detailed Description of all the Time Worksheets. Quick Link for All Time Worksheets Click the image to be taken to that Time Worksheet. Detailed Description for All Time Worksheets Blank Clock Faces Time Worksheets These time worksheets will produce blank clock faces for use in your lesson plans. Clock Face with Hands Time Worksheets These time worksheets will produce one large blank clock face with cut out hands for use in your lesson plans. Clock Face Lesson Plan Time Worksheets Use these time worksheets to produce printable clock faces with any time you wish to display.