Introduction to Plain Language at NIH Plain language is grammatically correct language that includes complete sentence structure and accurate word usage. Plain language is not unprofessional writing or a method of "dumbing down" or "talking down" to the reader. Writing that is clear and to the point helps improve communication and takes less time to read and understand. Clear writing tells the reader exactly what the reader needs to know without using unnecessary words or expressions. Plain Language Act President Barack Obama signed the Plain Writing Act of 2010 (H.R. 946/Public Law 111-274) on October 13, 2010. Part of the NIH mission is to reach all Americans with health information they can use and to communicate in a way that helps people to easily understand research results. Celebrating Plain Language at NIH Plain Language/Clear Communications Awards Program Tips for Using Plain Language: Certain qualities characterize plain language. 1. 3. Organization. 4. Where Can I Learn More?
Accents and DialectsPublic Domain / CIA NOTE: This guide uses the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For information about this notation, please visit my page of International Phonetic Alphabet Resources. There are obviously many North American accents. General American This refers to the spectrum of ‘standard’ English spoken by newscasters, TV actors, and a large percentage of middle-class Americans. Prominent Features: The short-a (as in cat) is raised and diphthongized before nasal consonants. Accent Samples: Eastern New England English This describes the classic “Boston Accent.” Non-rhoticity, as mentioned above.Fronted pronunciation of words like father and palm, so these are pronounced IPA faðə and pa:m (i.e. this vowel is close to the vowel in words like “cat” and “mad” in General American).Unlike most other American accents, the vowel in lot and rod is rounded as in most British dialects, pronounced IPA lɒt and ɹɒd (“lawt” and “rawd”). New York City English Mid-Atlantic English Accent Samples:
About PLAINBy Cheryl Stephens What is Plain Language? Planning Guidelines Audience Considerations Writing as a Process Writing Guidelines Testing and Evaluation What Is Plain Language? Plain language is communication designed to meet the needs of the intended audience, so people can understand information, that is important to their lives. Plain language is language that is understandable. Language that is "plain" to one set of readers may be incomprehensible for others. Plain language document process involves working out a plan for a writing project, preparing a draft under the plan, and verifying the effectiveness of your draft through evaluation methods using the intended audience. A crucial feature of plain language is testing the writing to determine whether it adequately conveys to the targeted reader the writer's intentions. [(1) Coe, Richard M. (1992) "Three Approaches to 'Plain Language': Better, Best and Better than Nothing", In Proceedings: Just Language Conference 1992. Planning Guidelines
FAQ - PressThink(Originally published April 29, 2004) If you’re the kind of person who loves to complain about “meta” posts and make fun of blogging about blogging, please. Don’t read this post. You’ll hate it. It’s the echo chamber again. Q & A about how I do my blog, PressThink. … other writers trying to do a decent weblog who wish to compare and contrast, plus curious readers of PressThink, students in a Net journalism class, maybe. Some of these questions are asked frequently by readers or seen in comments. Why are PressThink posts so long? When I started asking around about how to do a weblog, I got many kinds of answers. So you decided to be contrarian and go the other way? No, contrarians are annoying. “People don’t have time for…” reasoning was meaningless to me, and I didn’t trust it. But it’s more like: this is my magazine, PressThink… If you like it, return. Fine, but weren’t your advisors just making a simple point about the nature of the Web medium? Sure, and I thanked them. Summer 2016.
This is What Michael Jackson Sounds Like in QuechuaEven the youngs think Quechua is cool. After the language was translated for a book, a song, and given a shoutout by a fútbolero, we started thinking that Quechua was having a sort of moment. Perhaps the biggest sign of this is that a 14-year-old girl named Renata Flores sang a Quechua version of Michael Jackson’s “The Way You Make Me Feel.”The Plain Language ActThe Plain Language Act directs agencies to write in clear, understandable language. At NASA we have many types of correspondence, ranging from scientific summaries to press releases to rules and directives. As you can imagine, technical terms can be hard to understand. Please take a look at the Government’s Plain Language Web site at www.plainlanguage.gov/index.cfm and at NASA’s Open Government Web site at and tell me what you think.
Concrete poetryGeorge Herbert's "Easter Wings", printed in 1633 on two facing pages (one stanza per page), sideways, so that the lines would call to mind birds flying up with outstretched wings. Concrete or shape poetry is poetry in which the typographical arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended effect as the conventional elements of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm, rhyme and so on. It is sometimes referred to as visual poetry, a term that has evolved to have distinct meaning of its own, but which shares the distinction of being poetry in which the visual elements are as important as the text. Development Concrete poetry begins by assuming a total responsibility before language: accepting the premise of the historical idiom as the indispensable nucleus of communication, it refuses to absorb words as mere indifferent vehicles, without life, without personality without history — taboo-tombs in which convention insists on burying the idea. See also Walker, John.
25 maps that explain the English languageEnglish is the language of Shakespeare and the language of Chaucer. It’s spoken in dozens of countries around the world, from the United States to a tiny island named Tristan da Cunha. It reflects the influences of centuries of international exchange, including conquest and colonization, from the Vikings through the 21st century. Here are 25 maps and charts that explain how English got started and evolved into the differently accented languages spoken today. The origins of English 1) Where English comes from English, like more than 400 other languages, is part of the Indo-European language family, sharing common roots not just with German and French but with Russian, Hindi, Punjabi, and Persian. 2) Where Indo-European languages are spoken in Europe today Saying that English is Indo-European, though, doesn’t really narrow it down much. 3) The Anglo-Saxon migration 4) The Danelaw The next source of English was Old Norse. 5)The Norman Conquest 6) The Great Vowel Shift The spread of English Credits
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Mapping Metaphor: HomeObama Signs Law We Can All Understand - Page 1<br/><a href=" US News</a> | <a href=" Business News</a> Copy Finally, something both parties in Washington agree on: The need for Uncle Sam to write clearly. With little fanfare, President Obama this week signed The Plain Writing Act of 2010. The new law requires that government documents be written in "plain language," defined as "writing that is clear, concise, well-organized, and follows other best practices appropriate to the subject or field and intended audience." Put simply, you have to be able to understand it. The measure moved through the bitterly divided Congress with relative ease, although close to three dozen Republican House members voted against it. Advocates for clear writing hailed its passage. "A government by the people and for the people should also be understood by the people," said the watchdog Web site, allgov.com. Michelle Obama Tries Tai Chi in China Obama's Family Skis in Aspen
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