background preloader

Maternal Deprivation Theory

Maternal Deprivation Theory
by Saul McLeod published 2007 John Bowlby (1907 - 1990) was a psychoanalyst (like Freud) and believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early childhood. Bowlby’s evolutionary theory of attachment suggests that children come into the world biologically pre-programmed to form attachments with others, because this will help them to survive. Bowlby was very much influenced by ethological theory in general, but especially by Lorenz’s (1935) study of imprinting. Lorenz showed that attachment was innate (in young ducklings) and therefore has a survival value. Bowlby believed that attachment behaviors are instinctive and will be activated by any conditions that seem to threaten the achievement of proximity, such as separation, insecurity and fear. Bowlby (1969, 1988) also postulated that the fear of strangers represents an important survival mechanism, built in by nature. Main Points of Bowlby’s Theory 1. 2. 3. 4. They found 3 progressive stages for distress: 5.

Related:  AttachmentUnusual science/Dr House stuff

Home Explanations of attachment Why do babies form attachments? Learning Theory According to behaviourists, behaviour is not innate but learned. What Happens to the Brain During Spiritual Experiences? - Lynne Blumberg The field of neurotheology uses science to try to understand religion, and vice versa. A devotee in a state of trance is calmed by volunteers at a Buddhist temple in Nakhon Pathom Province, Thailand. (Athit Perawongmetha/Reuters) “Everyone philosophizes,” writes neuroscientist Dr. Andrew Newberg in his latest book, The Metaphysical Mind: Probing the Biology of Philosophical Thought. Science Says: Excessive Crying Could Be Harmful Science tells us that when babies cry alone and unattended, they experience panic and anxiety. Their bodies and brains are flooded with adrenaline and cortisol stress hormones. Science has also found that when developing brain tissue is exposed to these hormones for prolonged periods these nerves won’t form connections to other nerves and will degenerate. Is it therefore possible that infants who endure many nights or weeks of crying-it-out alone are actually suffering harmful neurological effects that may have permanent implications on the development of sections of their brain? Here is how science answers this alarming question: Chemical and hormonal imbalances in the brain Research has shown that infants who are routinely separated from parents in a stressful way have abnormally high levels of the stress hormone cortisol, as well as lower growth hormone levels.

Attachment Theory: How Early Attachments Shape Behavior Attachment theory is focused on the relationships and bonds between people, particularly long-term relationships including those between a parent and child and between romantic partners. What is Attachment? Attachment is an emotional bond to another person. Psychologist John Bowlby was the first attachment theorist, describing attachment as a "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings." Learning theory of attachment for A level psychology - Psychteacher Dollard & Miller (1950)According to Dollard & Miller (1950) attachment is a learned behaviour that is acquired through both classical and operant conditioning. Classical conditioningBefore attachment is learned, the infant gains pleasure through being fed. Food is the unconditioned stimulus and pleasure is the unconditioned response.When the infant is being fed, the infant associates the person providing the food with the food.The primary caregiver is the neutral stimulus, which becomes associated with food (the unconditioned stimulus).When the attachment has been learned, the infant gains pleasure when the primary caregiver is present.The primary caregiver is now the conditioned stimulus and pleasure is now the conditioned response.Operant conditioningWhen an infant is hungry it is in an uncomfortable state. Evaluating learning theory of attachmentLearning theory provides a very plausible and scientifically reliable explanation for attachment formation.

Brain's balancing act discovered: Wiring determines if neurons communicate Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a fundamental mechanism by which the brain maintains its internal balance. The mechanism, described in the June 22 advanced online publication of the journal Nature, involves the brain's most basic inner wiring and the processes that control whether a neuron relays information to other neurons or suppresses the transmission of information. Specifically, the scientists have shown that there is a constant ratio between the total amount of pro-firing stimulation that a neuron receives from the hundreds or thousands of excitatory neurons that feed into it, and the total amount of red-light stop signaling that it receives from the equally numerous inhibitory neurons.

Attachment Styles - Types of Attachment What is Attachment? Attachment is a special emotional relationship that involves an exchange of comfort, care, and pleasure. The roots of research on attachment began with Freud's theories about love, but another researcher is usually credited as the father of attachment theory. A Brief Overview of Adult Attachment Theory and Research A Brief Overview of Adult Attachment Theory and Research R. Chris Fraley | University of Illinois Summary Secure Attachment & Bonding: Understanding the Different Ways of Bonding and Communicating With Your Child Understanding the Different Ways of Bonding and Communicating With Your Child Why is the attachment bond so important? A landmark report, published in 2000 by The Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development, identified how crucial the attachment bond is to a child’s development. This form of communication affects the way your child develops mentally, physically, intellectually, emotionally, and socially. While attachment occurs naturally as you, the parent or caretaker, care for your baby’s needs, the quality of the attachment bond varies. A secure attachment bond ensures that your child will feel secure, understood, and be calm enough to experience optimal development of his or her nervous system.

Antecedents and outcomes of attachment towards smartphone applications - International Journal of Mobile Communications - Volume 11, Number 4/2013 Journal Article Authors Chung K. Kim1, Mina Jun2, Jeongsoo Han3, Miyea Kim4, Joshua Y. Should we be mindful of mindfulness? At just after 6.15pm in a brightly lit conference room in Oxford, 22 grown men and women are lying on the floor trying hard to focus on their left knee. From across the room a lilting, calm voice has already invited the group to explore their feet and ankles with "gentle curiosity" and is heading up through the body. "When your mind wanders, gently and kindly escort your attention back to your left knee," she tells us.

To Spank or Not to Spank? Is that Really Still a Question? There is a boundless amount of parenting help to be found in many social network communities where some parents ask questions and other inspired parents give their answers. The idea, a good one in my opinion, is parents share with other parents in an effort to help one another. This same activity is what use to be done locally, in neighborhood playgrounds, churches, coffee shops, and other places where parents gathered with their children.

The War on Reason - Paul Bloom Aristotle’s definition of man as a rational animal has recently taken quite a beating. Part of the attack comes from neuroscience. Pretty, multicolored fMRI maps make clear that our mental lives can be observed in the activity of our neurons, and we’ve made considerable progress in reading someone’s thoughts by looking at those maps. It’s clear, too, that damage to the brain can impair the most-intimate aspects of ourselves, such as the capacity to make moral judgments or to inhibit bad actions. To some scholars, the neural basis of mental life suggests that rational deliberation and free choice are illusions.

programmed into us to create an attachment to their mother, for survial ( evolution) However if this doesn't happen to us in a critical period of time, it leads to long lasting cosequences in adulthood ( maternal deprevation) One of the cosewunces is psychpathy and lack of empathy. Evidence to support child wants to form attachment from monkey experiment by evonnekey Jan 23

Related:  attachmentattachment theoryPsychology