Anne Frank was a teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work The Diary of Anne Frank. Synopsis Born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, Anne Frank lived in Amsterdam with her family during World War II. Fleeing Nazi persecution of Jews, the family went into hiding for two years; during this time, Frank wrote about her experiences and wishes. She was 15 when the family was found and sent to the camps, where she died. Early Life Holocaust victim and famous diarist Anne Frank was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. The Franks were a typical upper middle-class German-Jewish family living in a quiet, religiously diverse neighborhood near the outskirts of Frankfurt. Due in large part to the harsh sanctions imposed on Germany by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, the German economy struggled terribly in the 1920s. The Franks moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands, in the fall of 1933.
Related: Ana Frank: Una joven historia de vida.
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An Introductory History of the HolocaustThe Holocaust (also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, 1933 - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe officially ended. During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews (1.5 million of these being children) and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities. These deaths represented two-thirds of European Jewry and one-third of all world Jewry. The Jews who died were not casualties of the fighting that ravaged Europe during World War II. Rather, they were the victims of Germany's deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the “Final Solution” (Endlosung). Background Propaganda: “The Jews Are Our Misfortune” A major tool of the Nazis' propaganda assault was the weekly Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer (The Attacker). The Jews Are Isolated from Society The “Final Solution”
5 Things You Don't Know About Anne Frank and Her Diary1. Pseudonyms When Anne Frank readied her diary for eventual publication, she created pseudonyms for the people she wrote about in her diary. Although you are familiar with the pseudonyms of Albert Dussel (the real life Freidrich Pfeffer) and Petronella van Daan (the real life Auguste van Pels) because these pseudonyms appear in most published versions of the diary, do you know what pseudonym Anne chose for herself? Even though Anne had chosen pseudonyms for everyone hiding in the Annexe, when it came time to publish the diary after the war, Otto Frank decided to keep the pseudonyms for the other four people in the Annexe but to use the real names of his own family. This is why we know Anne Frank by her real name rather than as Anne Aulis (her original choice of a pseudonym) or as Anne Robin (the name Anne later chose for herself). In case you are curious, Anne chose the pseudonyms Betty Robin for Margot Frank, Frederik Robin for Otto Frank, and Nora Robin for Edith Frank. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Se cumplen 70 años de la muerte de Ana Frank, símbolo de la lucha por la vida contra el horror nazi | Ana Frank"De todos los que a lo largo de la historia han hablado de la dignidad humana en tiempos de gran sufrimiento y pérdida, ninguno es más contundente que Ana Frank". La frase, que pertenece al ex presidente norteamericano John Fitzgerald Kennedy, sintetiza a la perfección lo que significó la joven judía, cuya vida se apagó los primeros días de marzo de 1945 en el campo de concentración de Bergen Belsen, cuando todavía no había cumplido los 16 años. Su nombre completo era Annelies Marie Frank Hollander y su diario, publicado en forma de libro por su padre, Otto Frank, dos años después del fin de la guerra, la hizo mundialmente conocida, convirtiéndose en símbolo de vida, de la vitalidad de un alma inocente, llena de esperanzas, en medio de un presente negro y un futuro incierto. ana frank 1170 1 Estatua de Ana Frank en la ciudad de Ámsterdam Persecución y exilio El exilio holandés de los Frank se inició antes de la guerra. ana frank 1170 5 Delación, caída y muerte ana frank 1170 10 Shutterstock
Anne Frank’s Diary PublishedOtto Frank, the only member of his family to survive the Holocaust, returned home from the Auschwitz concentration camp after it was liberated by Russian troops in early January 1945. He soon found the diary of his younger daughter, Anne. Written in Dutch while her family was in hiding from the Gestapo, Anne Frank’s diary tells the story of a young woman’s internal struggle to understand and cope with Nazi occupation and anti-Semitism. Otto recalled in the 1960s how he felt reading the diary for the first time: “For me, it was a revelation. He began typing the diary into German and sharing it with family and close friends, who convinced him to share it with the world. Known to American readers as “Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl,” it has since been published in more than 60 languages and has become one of the most influential—and widely read—literary works in history.
Ana FrankAnnelies Marie Frank Hollander, conocida en español como Ana Frank (Fráncfort del Meno, 12 de junio de 1929-Bergen-Belsen, marzo de 1945) [nota 1] fue una niña judía alemana, mundialmente conocida gracias al Diario de Ana Frank, la edición en forma de libro de su diario íntimo, donde dejó constancia de los casi dos años y medio que pasó ocultándose, con su familia y cuatro personas más, de los nazis en Ámsterdam (Países Bajos) durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Su familia fue capturada y llevada a distintos campos de concentración alemanes. El único sobreviviente de los ocho escondidos fue Otto Frank, su padre. Ana fue enviada al campo de concentración nazi de Auschwitz el 2 de septiembre de 1944 y, más tarde, al campo de concentración de Bergen-Belsen, donde murió de tifus en marzo de 1945, pocos días antes de que éste fuera liberado. En 1947, apenas dos años después de terminada la guerra, Otto publicó el diario bajo el título La casa de atrás (en neerlandés, Het Achterhuis).
Anne Frank: Facts and Information | Primary FactsHere are some facts about Anne Frank, the famous young Jewish diarist who was tragically killed during the Holocaust. Anne was born on 12th June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany.Her father was called Otto and her mother was called Edith. She had an older sister called Margot.Anne’s family were ‘liberal Jews’. They didn’t live in a Jewish-only community and they didn’t strictly follow all of the Jewish customs.Following the elections in Germany of 1933, which were won by the Nazi Party (led by Adolf Hitler), the Franks moved to Amsterdam in order to escape the antisemitic (anti-Jewish) feelings that were being promoted by the Nazis.In Amsterdam, Anne started to develop a love of reading and writing.In May 1940, the Netherlands was invaded by Germany. Laws were made to discriminate against the Jewish population. Anne and her sister had to leave the school they were attending and transfer to a Jewish-only school.
Hermine (Miep) & Jan Augustus Gies - Justos de las NacionesNuestra ayuda en el escondite Hermine (Miep) & Jan Augustus Gies Holanda Miep Gies firma el libro de visitas en Yad Vashem. 6 de mayo de 1977 Miep Gies en la ceremonia de plantación de su árbol. Miep Gies reaviva la llama en la Sala del Recuerdo. Otto Frank, el padre de Anna, visitando Yad Vashem. 26 de marzo de 1960 Firma de Miep Gies en el libro de visitas de Yad Vahsem. 6 de mayo de 1977 Árbol plantado por Miep y Jan Gies, Yad Vashem, 2010 “El mejor ejemplo de ello son nuestros protectores, que nos han ayudado hasta ahora a sobrellevar nuestra situación, y según espero, nos conducirán a buen puerto; de lo contrario, correrán la misma suerte de aquellos que pretenden ayudar. Miep Gies nació en Viena, Austria, en 1909. Jan y Miep alquilaron un cuarto en la casa de una mujer judía cuyo esposo vivía en Inglaterra. Otto Frank sobrevivió la guerra. El 8 de marzo, de 1972, Yad Vashem reconoció a Jan Augustus Gies y su esposa, Hermine (Miep) Gies-Santrouschitz, como Justos de las Naciones.
Anne FrankWho Was Anne Frank? During the two years and one month Anne Frank spent hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam during World War II, she kept a diary. Anne Frank's diary, which was published by her father after the war and has been read by millions of people around the world, chronicles both the tensions and difficulties of living in such a confined space for that long a duration as well as Anne's struggles with becoming a teenager. Dates: June 12, 1929 -- March 1945 Also Known As: Annelies Marie Frank The Move to Amsterdam Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany as the second child of Otto and Edith Frank. The Franks were a middle-class, liberal Jewish family whose ancestors had lived in Germany for centuries. After moving his family in with Edith's mother in Aachen, Germany, Otto Frank moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands in the summer of 1933 so that he could establish a Dutch firm of Opekta, a company which made and sold pectin (a product used to make jelly). Going Into Hiding
Guía web Ana Frank - Banco de fuentes única en línea para alumnos europeosAquí imágenes e información Ana Frank Familia Casa de atrás El final Diario La Guerra La vida judía Shoá La liberación