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Why Arts Education Is Crucial, and Who's Doing It Best

Why Arts Education Is Crucial, and Who's Doing It Best
"Art does not solve problems, but makes us aware of their existence," sculptor Magdalena Abakanowicz has said. Arts education, on the other hand, does solve problems. Years of research show that it's closely linked to almost everything that we as a nation say we want for our children and demand from our schools: academic achievement, social and emotional development, civic engagement, and equitable opportunity. Involvement in the arts is associated with gains in math, reading, cognitive ability, critical thinking, and verbal skill. It has become a mantra in education that No Child Left Behind, with its pressure to raise test scores, has reduced classroom time devoted to the arts (and science, social studies, and everything else besides reading and math). This erosion chipped away at the constituencies that might have defended the arts in the era of NCLB -- children who had no music and art classes in the 1970s and 1980s may not appreciate their value now. Reviving Arts Education

Can Creativity be Taught? Results from creativity studies Creativity at Work In 1968, George Land distributed among 1,600 5-year-olds a creativity test used by NASA to select innovative engineers and scientists. He re-tested the same children at 10 years of age, and again at 15 years of age. Test results amongst 5 year olds: 98% Test results amongst 10 year olds: 30% Test results amongst 15 year olds: 12% Same test given to 280,000 adults: 2% “What we have concluded,” wrote Land, “is that non-creative behavior is learned.” (Sources: Escape from the Maze: Increasing Individual and Group Creativity by James Higgins; also George Land and Beth Jarman, Breaking Point and Beyond. Why aren’t adults as creative as children? For most, creativity has been buried by rules and regulations. Can Creativity Skills be Taught? Yes, creativity skills can be learned. Over the course of the last half century, numerous training programs intended to develop creativity capacities have been proposed. Creativity is a skill that can be developed and a process that can be managed.

Tucson Schools Enhance Learning with the Arts Brain-based research supports an effort to improve student achievement through an interdisciplinary curriculum that combines creative pursuits and academic subjects. Running Time: 8 min. At Corbett Elementary School, in Tucson, Arizona, classical music floats through the hallways all day. First graders and fifth graders create operas. Every fourth grader learns violin. Kindergartners meet weekly with a trio from the Tucson Symphony Orchestra to explore rhythm and patterns and to establish literacy connections. Corbett is part of a sweeping initiative in the Tucson Unified School District to improve student achievement through an interdisciplinary curriculum that fuses the arts and academic subjects. "OMA is not only opening up children to the beauty of the world, it's also strengthening connections in the brain," says Sheila Govern, principal of Lyons Elementary School. Of course, nobody -- least of all, kids -- participates in art to test better.

Art in Schools Inspires Tomorrow's Creative Thinkers Without the arts, education's grade is Incomplete. Education minus art? Such an equation equals schooling that fails to value ingenuity and innovation. The word art, derived from an ancient Indo-European root that means "to fit together," suggests as much. Art is about fitting things together: words, images, objects, processes, thoughts, historical epochs. It is both a form of serious play governed by rules and techniques that can be acquired through rigorous study, and a realm of freedom where the mind and body are mobilized to address complex questions -- questions that, sometimes, only art itself can answer: What is meaningful or beautiful? To erase art, as the Taliban did by turning explosives on the colossal centuries-old Buddhas of Bamiyan along the ancient Silk Road through Afghanistan, is to deny the reality of human differences and historical change. "Life is short, and art long," reads the Hippocratic aphorism. Jeffrey T.

Oklahoma's Arts Program Develops Multiple Intelligences The state's schools emphasize the arts through a network dedicated to nurturing creativity among students and teachers. The arts are part of almost everything that happens at Woodrow Wilson Elementary School, in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Look up at the covering of the walkway as you enter, and you'll see the mural -- brilliant blue sky, sun, cloud puffs with smiling kids' faces. It was conceived, planned, and painted by third graders. Wallace has taught at Wilson for thirteen years, through three principals, and has always done art projects with her kids. "Before, I felt the administration thought art was fluff," Wallace says. The A+ story began in 1998, when the Kirkpatrick Foundation, in Oklahoma City, invited a group of educators to explore school-reform approaches. The group searched the country for models that emphasized arts, required a whole-school commitment, were rooted in the daily practice of the classroom teacher, and were shown through research to be effective.

Creativity—It’s our future | Creativity in Education Share this Episode Please select a language: Autoplay End of Video Show End Screen Default Quality Adjust your embed size below, then copy and paste the embed code above. Community Translation Episode available in 2 languages Available Translations: Join the Community Translation Project Thanks for your interest in translating this episode! Please Confirm Your Interest Thanks for your interest in adding translations to this episode! An error occurred while processing your request. Another translator has already started to translate this episode. Thanks for Participating! This episode has been assigned to you and you can expect an e-mail shortly containing all the information you need to get started. About This Episode Adobe's vision on creativity in education.

Troubled Teens Explore Their Artistic Side A San Francisco program for juvenile offenders fosters creativity, literacy, and freedom of expression through hip-hop. Live a day in my shoes What you think you would do? You think you could handle it, my thoughts? You think you could stand it? During two weeks last summer, twelve students at a juvenile court-mandated school in San Francisco wrote intense, deeply personal pieces of hip-hop and spoken word, set them to music, produced a studio-quality CD, and performed at a local club. The project, called Lyrical Minded, had several goals. Francisca Sanchez, the San Francisco Unified School District's associate superintendent of academics and professional development, explains that the district wants to make the arts more accessible to the most marginalized students. Have you ever been used and abused by people you thought would be good to you? The Principals' Center Collaborative, as the school is officially known, has about sixty students from ninth through twelfth grade.

You only need 3 things to be creative | Create and Connect According to Teresa Amabile, you ‘only’ need three ingredients to be creative: source: Teresa Amabile 'How to Kill Creativity' KnowledgeToolsMotivation Great, you say, I know quite a few things, I have some tools in my shed and I am motivated to bits. Bring it on! Not so fast! Knowledge: You need to have some expertise, or surround yourself with some experts, on the subject you want to be creative on. In just one day, Create and Connect can teach you some tools that will start making a difference in your private life or business. Sign up for one of our next Creative Thinking Trainings. For details about the Creativity Trio, read Amabile’s article ‘How to kill creativity.’

The Arts Are Essential Cornell University's president on why teaching creativity in schools is not a luxury. As president of a large research university that received 33,000 applications for 3,050 places in the fall freshman class, I'm often asked by parents of students in high school, middle school -- and even those in preschool -- what their children should study in the K-12 years to increase their chances of admission to college. I dutifully affirm the conventional wisdom: Take the most challenging courses in core academic disciplines like English, languages, history, math, and science for the required number of years, participate in extracurricular activities, volunteer . . . . Then I put in a plea for taking time to explore the humanities and arts in all their varied dimensions -- visual and performing, Western and non-Western, classical and avant-garde. The Heart of the Matter Great research universities are often thought of in relation to their contributions to the advancement of science and technology.

Five Future Trends That Will Impact the Learning Ecosystem As summer reflections on the past school year turn into aspirations for the next year, it's important to keep in mind the big picture of change in education. Five shifts in how we think about schools and education in general will help to regenerate the learning ecosystem, and will provoke our imagination about new possibilities for teaching and learning. 1. Democratized Entrepreneurship Democratized entrepreneurship will spread an entrepreneurial mindset among learners, educators and communities, accelerating a groundswell of grassroots innovation. Entrepreneurship is no longer reserved for those few with the resources to buffer risk and the social capital to access expertise and guidance. To take advantage of this trend: Begin to cultivate an edupreneurial mindset of experimentation, risk-taking, learning from failure, creative problem-solving, and market awareness in your classroom, and expand it to your school and district. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Why Arts Education Must Be Saved Schools draw on the community to bring art and music to students. Almost every one of us can point back to a creative pursuit, in or out of school, that enhanced our skills, knowledge, or understanding. Yet the majority of secondary school students in the United States aren't required to enroll in arts courses, many elementary schools nationwide lack art classes or activities, and arts and music instruction is often the first thing to go when schools feel the pressure to improve test scores. Happily, from this admittedly grim background spring many rays of hope. In our special report on arts education, Edutopia paints a bright picture of how schools are forging innovative community partnerships to bring rich, academically integrated arts curriculum to their students: Read about a network of educators committed to offering essential activities based on Howard Gardner's eight intelligences, including integrated daily arts instruction.

On the Edge of Chaos: Where Creativity Flourishes Getty If it’s true, in Sir Ken Robinson’s words, that “Creativity is not an option, it’s an absolute necessity,” then it’s that much more imperative to find ways to bring creativity to learning. But first, we have to understand what conditions foster true creativity. One definition that scientists have agreed upon for creativity is the ability to create something that’s both novel as compared to what came before, and has value. “The truly creative changes and the big shifts occur right at the edge of chaos,” Bilder said. For educators who have embraced the notion of the tightly controlled classroom, it’s a worst-case scenario. It’s the lack of this type of freedom that has led skeptics to question if today’s schools could ever inspire true creativity. To foster creativity, teachers can make room for more freedom around activities in class, and highlight students’ ability to be creative achievers, Bilder said. How does an educator know if she’s creating space for creativity? Related