Permaculture Now! Resource-Conserving Agriculture Increases Yields in Developing Countries - Environmental Science & Technology Department of Biological Sciences and Centre for Environment and Society, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, U.K., International Water Management Institute (IWMI), P.O. Box 1025, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10903, Thailand, International Water Management Institute (IWMI), P.O. Box 2075, Colombo, Sri Lanka, Impact Targeting and Assessment Program, CIMMYT, Apdo. Environ. DOI: 10.1021/es051670d Publication Date (Web): December 21, 2005 Copyright © 2006 American Chemical Society Section: Abstract Despite great recent progress, hunger and poverty remain widespread and agriculturally driven environmental damage is widely prevalent. Citing Articles View all 80 citing articles Citation data is made available by participants in CrossRef's Cited-by Linking service. This article has been cited by 3 ACS Journal articles (3 most recent appear below). Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South AfricaJafet C.
Permaculture With its system of applied education, research and citizen- led design permaculture has grown a popular web of global networks and developed into a global social movement. The term permaculture was developed and coined by David Holmgren, then a graduate student at the Tasmanian College of Advanced Education's Department of Environmental Design, and Bill Mollison, senior lecturer in Environmental Psychology at University of Tasmania, in 1978.  The word permaculture originally referred to "permanent agriculture", but was expanded to stand also for "permanent culture", as it was understood that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system as inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka’s natural farming philosophy. It has many branches that include, but are not limited to, ecological design, ecological engineering, regenerative design, environmental design, and construction. History Several individuals revolutionized the branch of permaculture. In Australian P.A.
Organic farming World map of organic agriculture (hectares) Organic agricultural methods are internationally regulated and legally enforced by many nations, based in large part on the standards set by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), an international umbrella organization for organic farming organizations established in 1972. Organic agriculture can be defined as: an integrated farming system that strives for sustainability, the enhancement of soil fertility and biological diversity whilst, with rare exceptions, prohibiting synthetic pesticides, antibiotics, synthetic fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, and growth hormones. History Agriculture was practiced for thousands of years without the use of artificial chemicals. Artificial fertilizers were first created during the mid-19th century. In 1940 Howard published his An Agricultural Testament. Terminology Methods Crop diversity Soil management Livestock
Permaculture Principles - thinking tools for an era of change Help Exchange: free volunteer work exchange abroad Australia New Zealand Canada Europe Permaculture: the ethics of gardening « Pennsylvania Echoes A couple weeks ago I took a class on soil, and I learned quite a lot. One definition of soil, pertaining to growing and gardening, is a “The unconsolidated mineral or organic material on the immediate surface of the Earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants”. Did you know that plant roots “decide” the type and levels of microbial life in their symbiotic soil relationships? The form of gardening that I am becoming more interested in is called Permaculture Design. Permaculture is in fact more than gardening. The name permaculture is derived from “Permanent Culture” and “Permanent Agriculture” The definition as definition as stated put by Bill Mollison: “Permaculture is a system of assembling conceptual, material and strategic components in a pattern which in a pattern which functions to benefit Life in all forms. - “Intro To Permaculture” , B. Ethics in Action Permandala Food for thought Right now I am just interested in gardening and being creative. Food for Fact
Organic Farming: Help Promote Sustainable Agriculture - Volunteer Guide Organic farming is a type of sustainable agriculture in which no synthetic pesticides or conventional fertilizers are used. At organic farms, ecological balance is the abiding principle. Organic food is more than a trendy industry that provides healthful produce to co-ops and upscale markets. Sustainable agriculture can help fight world hunger and some of its related challenges, including a dwindling safe water supply and pesticide contamination. This promising news comes at a critical time: The majority of the people who are chronically hungry in the world are small farmers and their families who depend on the land to give them the food they need to survive. Sustainable agriculture methods, which include organic farming and crop rotation (the successive planting of different crops on the same land to enhance soil fertility and reduce pest and disease damage), are providing very satisfying results for many small farmers around the world. I Did This! Share on Facebook Post on Your Wall
Permaculture Research Institute of Australia » Fruit Flies in a Bottle Copyright 2010 by Ernest Partridge. Published here with permission of the author. Men at some time are masters of their fates. The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars but in ourselves that we are underlings. – William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar Place a few fruit flies in a bottle with a layer of honey at the bottom, and they will quickly multiply to an enormous number, and then, just as quickly, die off to the very last, poisoned by their wastes. Fruit flies and yeast in a bottle are embarked upon suicidal endeavors. Human beings, we are told, are different. Human beings have these capacities. None of the antagonists in the First World War wanted the war. Finally, consider Easter Island. In his book, Collapse, Jared Diamond poses these questions in words that strike ominously close to home: I have often asked myself, “what did the Easter Islander who cut down the last palm tree say while he was doing it? Sound familiar? Thus it is fair to ask, how acute is our foresight today?
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