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Online papers on consciousness

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labos 29 mars 2005 Des découvertes révolutionnaires en sciences cognitives Les paradoxes et dangers de l'imitation Simon De Keukelaere Simon.DeKeukelaere@UGent.be Universiteit Gent - Belgique Cet article est le résumé d'un article paru en néerlandais, traduit en français par l'auteur, que nous remercions. (Nous avons déjà publié en octobre 2002 sur le site un autre article de l'auteur : "La violence humaine : imitation ou mèmes ? Automates Intelligents La découverte des neurones miroirs est absolument renversante. Les neurones miroir L'une des plus grandes révolutions scientifiques de notre temps - selon moi, la découverte des "neurones miroirs" - n'a pas encore reçu beaucoup de publicité. The discovery of mirror neurons is the single most important "unreported" story of the decade. Les neurones miroirs sont des neurones qui s'activent, non seulement lorsqu'un individu exécute lui-même une action, mais aussi lorsqu'il regarde un congénère exécuter la même action. Zone F5 du cortex prémoteur

Integral theory consciousness Ken Wilber Journal of Consciousness Studies, 4 (1), February 1997, pp. 71-92 Copyright, 1997, Imprint Academic Abstract: An extensive data search among various types of developmental and evolutionary sequences yielded a `four quadrant' model of consciousness and its development (the four quadrants being intentional, behavioural, cultural, and social). Each of these dimensions was found to unfold in a sequence of at least a dozen major stages or levels. Combining the four quadrants with the dozen or so major levels in each quadrant yields an integral theory of consciousness that is quite comprehensive in its nature and scope. This model is used to indicate how a general synthesis and integration of twelve of the most influential schools of consciousness studies can be effected, and to highlight some of the most significant areas of future research. Introduction 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. The Four Corners of the Kosmos Figure 1: The Four Quadrants The Contours of Consciousness

Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition Center for Consciousness Studies . Tucson . Arizona Renseignements pratiques pour les étudiants Aides, financements, renseignements divers L'association nationale des docteurs ès sciences (ANDES) et son "guide des aides aux formations doctorales et post-doctorales" maintenant en ligne gratuitement visité le 24 1 2005 Association du Doctorat Scientifique Lyonnais visité le 24 1 2005 Lyon Campus, France Un site de services pour les étudiants de la région lyonnaise, mis en place par le Pôle Universitaire de Lyon et la ville de Lyon. Auprès de la Caisse d' Allocations Familiales de l' Agglomération Lyonnaise, demande d'aide au logement étudiant sur internet. visité le 24 1 2005 Etudis, France "Le site de l'étudiant relié" : offres de stage et d'emploi, logements, petites annonces, agenda, forum de discussion. L'association Bernard Gregory Aide les doctorants et les jeunes docteurs de plus d'une manière avec "le marché de l'emploi des docteurs" qui propose: offres d'emploi, dépot de CV en ligne, conseils concernant l'insertion professionnelle. Science Professional Network

Extended consciousness Developed in his (1999) book, 'The Feeling of What Happens', Antonio Damasio's three layered theory of consciousness is based on a hierarchy of stages, with each stage building upon the last. The most basic representation of the organism is referred to as the Protoself, next is Core Consciousness, and finally, Extended Consciousness. Damasio, who is an internationally recognized leader in neuroscience, was educated at the University of Lisbon and currently directs the University of Southern California Brain and Creativity Institute.[1] Damasio's approach to explaining the development of consciousness relies on three notions: emotion, feeling, and feeling a feeling. Emotions are a collection of unconsicous neural responses to qualia. These complex reactions to stimuli cause observable external changes in the organism. Protoself[edit] Our most basic representation of self, as Damasio dubs it, is the Protoself. Multiple brain areas are required for the Protoself to function.

The Society for the Anthropology of Consciousness | Exploring the origins and future of consciousness Anger potentiates the reporting of threatening interpretations: An experimental study - Scholars Portal Journals This paper reports the results of an experiment investigating the effect of induced anger on interpretational bias using the homophone spelling task. Four groups of participants experienced anger, anxiety, happy or neutral mood inductions and then completed the homophone spelling task. Participants who experienced anger and anxiety inductions reported significantly more threat/neutral homophones as threats compared to control participants; moods had an emotion-congruent effect on threat reporting, with negative moods increasing the tendency to report threat/neutral homophones as threats and positive moods increasing the tendency to report positive/neutral homophones as positive. The findings provide evidence that anger potentiates the reporting of threatening interpretations and does so independently of any effect of concurrent levels of state and trait anxiety.

Web resources on consciousness, philosophy, and such Web resources related to consciousness, philosophy, and such. Compiled by David Chalmers Here are a small number of high-quality academic resources on the web that I find useful or interesting. The emphasis is on sites containing real intellectual content. See also my lists of people with online papers in philosophy and of online papers on consciousness. Consciousness resources Philosophy resources Philosophy journals online Cognitive science resources Meta-resources Disorders of consciousness Interactive demonstrations Miscellaneous sites with interesting content Go to: David Chalmers' home page

Science And Consciousness Review Psychedelics constitute a class of psychoactive drugs with unique effects on consciousness. Psychedelic means "mind-manifesting" and refers to the ability of these drugs to illuminate normally hidden aspects of mind or psyche. Native American shamans consumed psychedelic plants such as the peyote cactus (contains mescaline), psilocybe "magic" mushrooms (contains psilocybin), or the brew called ayahuasca (contains DMT and harmaline) in order to communicate with God or the spirit realm. The most potent psychedelic is the semi-synthetic ergot derivative lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), which has detectable effects at microscopic doses. Researchers first thought LSD induced a “model psychosis” that might shed light on the nature of schizophrenia.However, as the psychedelic experience or “trip” does not resemble endogenous psychoses, this interpretation was later discarded. Psychedelic drugs are not addictive. References Doblin, R. (1991). Feldman, R.S., Meyer, J.S., & Quenzer, L.F. (1997).

Mirror neuron A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another.[1][2][3] Thus, the neuron "mirrors" the behavior of the other, as though the observer were itself acting. Such neurons have been directly observed in primate species.[4] Birds have been shown to have imitative resonance behaviors and neurological evidence suggests the presence of some form of mirroring system.[4][5] In humans, brain activity consistent with that of mirror neurons has been found in the premotor cortex, the supplementary motor area, the primary somatosensory cortex and the inferior parietal cortex.[6] The function of the mirror system is a subject of much speculation. Discovery[edit] Further experiments confirmed that about 10% of neurons in the monkey inferior frontal and inferior parietal cortex have "mirror" properties and give similar responses to performed hand actions and observed actions. Origin[edit] In monkeys[edit] In humans[edit]

Consciousness Representation of consciousness from the seventeenth century At one time consciousness was viewed with skepticism by many scientists, but in recent years it has become a significant topic of research in psychology, neuropsychology and neuroscience. The primary focus is on understanding what it means biologically and psychologically for information to be present in consciousness—that is, on determining the neural and psychological correlates of consciousness. The majority of experimental studies assess consciousness by asking human subjects for a verbal report of their experiences (e.g., "tell me if you notice anything when I do this"). Etymology and early history[edit] John Locke, British philosopher active in the 17th century A related word was conscientia, which primarily means moral conscience. In the dictionary[edit] Philosophy of mind[edit] The philosophy of mind has given rise to many stances regarding consciousness. The coherence of the concept[edit] Types of consciousness[edit]

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