The Indus River Valley Civilization: Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa The civilization of the Indus River at Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa arose at about 2500 BCE and ended with apparent destruction about 1500 BCE. It is uncertain whether this civilization had its roots in Sumer or Sumer had its roots in this civilization. Apparently the Indus civillization was likely destroyed by the Indo-European migrants from Iran, the Aryans. The cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa were built of fire-baked bricks. The layout of the cities in this civilization of 2500 B.C. is surprisingly neat and orderly. We even have so idea of what the people of this civilization looked like from statuary such as the one below. Statue of a Priest in Mohenjo-Daro The artistic skill involved in the statue and in the seal below is extraordinary for c. 2500 BCE.
Episode 1 Lesson Plans | The Story of India - For Teachers (Vedic Period, 15th – 5th Centuries BCE) Objectives Understand the foundation of Hinduism. Consider and examine the ancient texts that defined Hinduism. Develop an overarching understand of the complexity of Hinduism and its early development. Review the major deities in Hinduism and their individual roles in the spiritual lives of Hindus. Introduction India remains one of the most religiously diverse nations in the world. Hindu beliefs developed over the centuries and include many influences, including numerous sacred texts, thousands of deities, and holy sites that continue to draw millions of pilgrims. Main Task Create a scrapbook of images and text that highlights your virtual tour of the development of ancient Hinduism from the perspective of a foreign traveler just discovering this religion. You should draw from the ancient texts to the stories of the gods to the holy sites along the banks of the Ganges River. Brief Process Resources Hindu Gods: Extension Ideas Standards
Indus Valley Civilization - History for Kids One of the earliest urban civilizations in India and in fact, in the world, was the Indus Valley Civilization, also called the Harappan Culture. Urban Planning and Architecture About 5000 years ago, a group of nomads traveling from Sumeria (present-day Iran) entered North Western India, near present day Karachi. These nomads found a land so richly fertile by the banks of the river Indus that they settled there without hesitation. Over the next thousand years, the immigrants spread over an area of half a million square miles. The name Mohenjo-Daro means ‘Mound of the Dead’ in Sindhi. These cities were made of bricks – either baked mud of wood bricks. Sanitation and Sewerage System Despite a population of about 30,000, the city had one of the best sanitation systems. Mohenjo-daro was primarily an agricultural city. Near the granary was the great public bath house, known as the Great Bath. Houses were well protected from noise, odour and thieves.
Social & Religious Life of Harappa Civilization Social Life: In Indus valley civilization, the society was divided into three distinct social groups. One group ruled and administered the city, the other group included the merchants who were associated with trade and other business activities in the city. The third group were the labourers who worked in the city. They also included the farmers who cultivated wheat and barley as their main crops. Animals like the buffaloes, sheeps and pigs and the humped bull were bred. Men also seemed to have worn ornaments like fillets, necklaces, finger rings and armlets. Religious Life: Scholars are unable to draw a conclusion regarding the religion of Indus people. The Harappan religion was polytheistic. The bulk of public buildings in the city seemed to be solely oriented towards the economy and making life comfortable for the Harappans. However Historian John Keays in his book on Religion of Harappans countered this view.
Harappan Civilization Week 16: Indus Valley (Harappan) Civilization I. History of Rediscovery of the Indus Valley Civiliza- tion A. Indus Civilization collapsed before the composition of the hymns collected in the Rigveda, the oldest historical document of India (1200 B.C.). II. A. III. A. IV. A. 1. 9-m-wide N-S avenue 2. D. Questions for Film "Pakistan: Mound of the Dead" 1. Explore the Taj Mahal Virtual Tour - "5_STARS!" -SundayTimes_London
Ancient Mesopotamia Civilization - History Mysteries for Kids “You know, I thought that with the number of lessons you have given me, we would have covered the one that is coming in my test on Tuesday, but I guess not!” Rohan cribbed to his friend Sir Dig-a-Lot. “The history of India itself is vast, imagine that of the world. What is the subject of the test?” asked Sir Dig-a-Lot. “Mesopotamia,” answered Rohan. “You are going to enjoy this lesson as it is an interesting one. “Mesopotamia means the land between rivers as it is the land of the Middle East between two rivers- Tigris and Euphrates. The first human civilizations were formed after cities grew bigger and prospered and the people learnt to write. “The Sumerian civilization was the first in the Mesopotamia region. “I didn’t know that Mesopotamia was such an important lesson in history,” said Rohan. “All the best for the test,” said Sir Dig-a-Lot and left. For more such interesting history articles and videos, go to History for Kids.
Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. Farming settlements began around 4000 BCE and around 3000 BCE there appeared the first signs of urbanization. By 2600 BCE, dozens of towns and cities had been established, and between 2500 and 2000 BCE the Indus Valley Civilization was at its peak. The Life of the Indus Valley Civilization Two cities, in particular, have been excavated at the sites of Mohenjo-Daro on the lower Indus, and at Harappa, further upstream. The evidence suggests they had a highly developed city life; many houses had wells and bathrooms as well as an elaborate underground drainage system. There is evidence of some level of contact between the Indus Valley Civilization and the Near East. Decline of the Indus Valley Civilization
History and Politics, Indus Valley Indus Valley Civilization. The earliest traces of civilization in the Indian subcontinent are to be found in places along, or close, to the Indus river. Excavations first conducted in 1921-22, in the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro, both now in Pakistan, pointed to a highly complex civilization that first developed some 4,500-5,000 years ago, and subsequent archaeological and historical research has now furnished us with a more detailed picture of the Indus Valley Civilization and its inhabitants. The Indus Valley people were most likely Dravidians, who may have been pushed down into south India when the Aryans, with their more advanced military technology, commenced their migrations to India around 2,000 BCE. Some kind of centralized state, and certainly fairly extensive town planning, is suggested by the layout of the great cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro. The Indus Valley civilization raises a great many, largely unresolved, questions. Back to Ancient India