There is a convention in the video, film and television industries which assigns names and guidelines to common types of shots, framing and picture composition. The list below briefly describes the most common shot types (click the images for more details). Notes: The exact terminology varies between production environments but the basic principles are the same. Shots are usually described in relation to a particular subject. EWS (Extreme Wide Shot) The view is so far from the subject that he isn't even visible. VWS (Very Wide Shot) The subject is visible (barely), but the emphasis is still on placing him in his environment. MS (Mid Shot) Shows some part of the subject in more detail while still giving an impression of the whole subject. CU (Close Up) A certain feature or part of the subject takes up the whole frame. Cut-In Shows some (other) part of the subject in detail. Two-Shot A shot of two people, framed similarly to a mid shot. Weather Shot The subject is the weather.
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Camera AnglesCamera angles and movements combine to create a sequence of images, just as words, word order and punctuation combine to make the meaning of a sentence. You need a straightforward set of key terms to describe them. Describing Shots When describing camera angles, or creating them yourself, you have to think about three important factors — The FRAMING or the LENGTH of shot — The ANGLE of the shot — If there is any MOVEMENT involved When describing different cinematic shots, different terms are used to indicate the amount of subject matter contained within a frame, how far away the camera is from the subject, and the perspective of the viewer. Framing or Shot Length 1 . Extreme Long Shot This can be taken from as much as a quarter of a mile away, and is generally used as a scene-setting, establishing shot. The extreme long shot on the left is taken from a distance, but denotes a precise location - it might even connote all of the entertainment industry if used as the opening shot in a news story.
Looking for ideas for a short film? My Log LinesLog lines for all of my short film scripts, with links to more details about each short film screenplay. In gory detail, here’s what you get when you buy the book 26 Short Screenplays for Independent Filmmakers! If you want a read a sample or preview before you buy the book, download my free short film scripts. Amazon.com also lets you preview any page in the book. Ideas for a short film: More funny A screenwriter explains his newest idea to his or her shrink – a TV game show. An expert narrator informs the audience very seriously about something ridiculous, illustrated by skits carried out by a small troupe. This documentary-style short film follows a Christmas tree salesman through the mean-spiritedness which all too often accompanies Christmas holiday shopping. This documentary-style ensemble piece features a group of writers who also enjoy gambling. Part of what makes comic dialogue effective is the actors’ ability to say the most absurd things with a completely serious face.
The Phonotrope (formerly the Phonographantasmascope)Wooden zoetrope sculptures spin in the forest Spinning Daggers by Benjamin Ducroz, a set of seven 3D wooden zoetropes or kinetic sculptures made from 18 different instances of modulating sine and triangle waves. For this video, three of the zoetropes were filmed ... The praxinoscope-style BusyBody Quick-Pose Animator Ten bendable, posable figures spin around the outside of a turntable. Tops (1969) by Charles and Ray Eames Charles Eames was quoted to have said, "Toys are not really as innocent as they look. 3D-Printed “Blooming” Fibonacci Zoetrope Sculptures Animation is a trick of the eye, and we're often reminded of this when we get to see animation happen right in front of us. 3D-printed zoetrope sculptures by math and Fibonacci-inspired artist and designer John Edmark... ExpeRimental: How to Make Balancing Sculptures Physics! Street performer Isaac Hou rides a Cyr wheel Isaac Hou spins and swirls, gracefully riding a Cyr wheel in the streets and abandoned buildings of Taiwan.
The Lion King Image Archive - Act 3The Lion King (1994) The animated film that started it all. Produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation in Burbank, California, this unassuming stop-gap project grew to become a mythic phenomenon, setting record numbers for box-office sales and merchandising revenue around the world, and inspiring thousands of fans to build on its story with their own creativity. Image Archive Hundreds of high-quality screen images, clip art, and more! The Lion King 2: Simba's Pride (1998) The long-awaited sequel. The Lion King 1½ (2004) The Circle of Life begins anew with a fresh, satiric retelling of the original film's story, from the comic perspective of the meerkat Timon and the warthog Pumbaa. The Lion King: The Broadway Musical Premiering in Minneapolis in 1997, The Lion King: The Broadway Musical has found a permanent home as a fixture on 42nd Street, the heart of the theatre district on Times Square in New York. Rating System: Turn off thumbnails
Photos of Children From Around the World With Their Most Prized PossessionsChiwa – Mchinji, Malawi Shot over a period of 18 months, Italian photographer Gabriele Galimberti‘s project Toy Stories compiles photos of children from around the world with their prized possesions—their toys. Galimberti explores the universality of being a kid amidst the diversity of the countless corners of the world, saying, “at their age, they are pretty all much the same; they just want to play.” But it’s how they play that seemed to differ from country to country. There were similarites too, especially in the functional and protective powers the toys represented for their proud owners. Stella – Montecchio, Italy Pavel – Kiev, Ukraine Arafa & Aisha – Bububu, Zanzibar Cun Zi Yi – Chongqing, China Bethsaida – Port au Prince, Haiti Orly-Brownsville,Texas Botlhe – Maun, Botswana Watcharapom – Bangkok, Thailand Alessia – Castiglion Fiorentino, Italy Norden – Massa, Morocco Julia – Tirana, Albania Keynor – Cahuita, Costa Rica Shaira – Mumbai, India Tangawizi – Keekorok, Kenya
The Grammar of TV and FilmZoom. In zooming in the camera does not move; the lens is focussed down from a long-shot to a close-up whilst the picture is still being shown. The subject is magnified, and attention is concentrated on details previously invisible as the shot tightens (contrast tracking). Following pan. Surveying pan. Tilt. Crab. Tracking (dollying). Hand-held camera. Process shot. Editing Techniques Cut. There is always a reason for a cut, and you should ask yourself what the reason is. Matched cut. continuity of direction; completed action;* a similar centre of attention in the frame; a one-step change of shot size (e.g. long to medium); a change of angle (conventionally at least 30 degrees). *The cut is usually made on an action (for example, a person begins to turn towards a door in one shot; the next shot, taken from the doorway, catches him completing the turn). Jump cut. Motivated cut. Cutting rate. Cutting rhythm. Cross-cut. Cutaway/cutaway shot (CA). Reaction shot. Insert/insert shot. Wipe.
The original storyboard panels for the Batman: The Animated Series introFilm: A pottery zoetrope animation? Go on then, it is Friday after allLong before the days of the Nintendo Wii and Hug Me Elmo there was the zoetrope; a very cool old-school gadget which creates the illusion of motion from a series of images which you spin around rapidly on an axis. It may have been sadly shunted to the toy-store sidelines but in December RAMP Ceramics collaborated with Jim Le Fevre to bring the humble zoetrope back into the limelight, stepping it up a notch by creating a ceramic pot which works in the same way. Even better, they got Mike Paterson on board to film the whole arduous process, complete with the final effect, and then released it out into the world for us to coo over. The result is a splendid alternative to the digital animation we’ve become so numb to, celebrating all that is magical and wildly superior about hand-crafted imagery. Crafts Council: Film by Mike Paterson, ceramics and by RAMP Ceramics (Roops and Al Johnstone) and Jim Le Fevre