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Ethos, Pathos, and Logos

Ethos, Pathos, and Logos
A General Summary of Aristotle's Appeals . . . The goal of argumentative writing is to persuade your audience that your ideas are valid, or more valid than someone else's. The Greek philosopher Aristotle divided the means of persuasion, appeals, into three categories--Ethos, Pathos, Logos. Ethos (Credibility), or ethical appeal, means convincing by the character of the author. Pathos (Emotional) means persuading by appealing to the reader's emotions. Logos (Logical) means persuading by the use of reasoning. Ethos, Pathos, and Logos. Logos (Greek for 'word') refers to the internal consistency of the message--the clarity of the claim, the logic of its reasons, and the effectiveness of its supporting evidence. Ethos (Greek for 'character') refers to the trustworthiness or credibility of the writer or speaker. [P]athos (Greek for 'suffering' or 'experience') is often associated with emotional appeal. [The above text drawn verbatim from Ramage, John D. and John C. Or The Shorthand Version: Related:  Choate Summer -- Public SpeakingFundraising research

4 Ways to Write a Rhetorical Analysis Edit Article Gathering InformationWriting the IntroductionWriting the BodyWriting the Conclusion Edited by ViolinLoveForever, Julia Goff, Shina, Ron D and 3 others A rhetorical analysis can be written about other texts, television shows, films, collections of artwork, or a variety of other communicative mediums that attempt to make a statement to an intended audience. Ad Steps Part 1 of 4: Gathering Information 1Identify the SOAPS. Part 2 of 4: Writing the Introduction 1Identify your own purpose.[4] You should, in some way, let the reader know that your paper is a rhetorical analysis. Part 3 of 4: Writing the Body 1Organize your body paragraphs by rhetorical appeals. Part 4 of 4: Writing the Conclusion 1Restate your thesis. Tips Avoid the use of "In conclusion..."

Debates: Education 17 Apr 2014 The case: Teaching creationism in US schools On April 11 2012, Tennessee passed a law that will protect teachers who choose to explore the merits of creationism alongside theories of evolution in public school science classes. Governor Bill Haslam claimed that the legislation would not... 31 Mar 2014 The majority of the world's states have some form of welfare program meant to ensure the economic and social wellbeing of their citizens who may find themselves in dire economic straits, like unemployment, subsistence farming or landless day labour. 11 Mar 2014 Affirmative action (or positive discrimination) is the use of different standards for assessing different groups of people, so as to help a group that has historically been at a disadvantage.[1][2] In an... 11 Feb 2014 Creationism, often rebranded as Intelligent Design, is the belief that intelligent agency was involved in the creation and development of life on Earth. 30 Jan 2014 23 Jan 2014 15 Jan 2014 7 Jan 2014 14 Nov 2013

Social Media Influence: 10 Theories to Know For Greater Persuasion What are we really talking about when we’re talking about conversions? Persuasion, right? Influence. When we talk about conversions, we are—most of the time—discussing ways we can be more persuasive, more influential. We’re interested in meeting the needs of customers, fans, and followers and doing so in a way that truly speaks to them. So how can you persuade—i.e., convert—better? Perhaps not surprisingly, the hacks for conversion and persuasion begin with psychology. The psychological theories of influence and persuasion One of my favorite places to learn about psychological theories is Dave Straker’s Changing Minds website, which is full of theories written in layman’s terms, organized neatly into specific categories and clusters for easy reference. Here is a brief snapshot of each of the 10 theories, many of which might sound familiar to you—either because you’ve employed them in the past or because you’ve had others try them on you. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. You want what is in short supply.

Mentor Text Wednesday: China’s Web Junkies Op-Doc | Moving Writers Mentor Text: “China’s Web Junkies,” an Op-Doc from The New York Times Skill: Using evidence to support a position Background: Every year it seems that more and more of my students are denouncing Facebook. They talk about it freely during passing time as they unpack their bags. “Yeah,” another student chimes in. Sometimes the things we hear our students say in passing can be great fodder for important classroom and life lessons. The Op-Doc “China’s Web Junkies” looks at the internet addiction problem of Chinese youth. Federico Morando under Creative Commons lic How To Use It: You might begin by reading a passage from Sherry Turkle’s Alone Together: Why We Expect More From Technology and Less from Each Other. Other Uses: Join us TOMORROW, Thursday, March 13 at 7:30pm EST for a #movingwriters chat to talk about using mentor texts & teaching students to use them on their own! - Allison Like this: Like Loading...

8 Steps To Great Digital Storytelling Stories bring us together, encourage us to understand and empathize, and help us to communicate. Long before paper and books were common and affordable, information passed from generation to generation through this oral tradition of storytelling. Consider Digital Storytelling as the 21st Century version of the age-old art of storytelling with a twist: digital tools now make it possible for anyone to create a story and share it with the world. WHY Digital Storytelling? Digital stories push students to become creators of content, rather than just consumers. Movies, created over a century ago, represent the beginning of digital storytelling. 8 Steps to Great Digital Stories Great digital stories: Are personal Begin with the story/script Are concise Use readily-available source materials Include universal story elements Involve collaboration at a variety of levels In order to achieve this level of greatness, students need to work through a Digital Storytelling Process. 1. Resources 2. 3. 4. 5.

Reciprocity Norm Explanations > Theories > Reciprocity Norm Description | Research | Example | So What? | See also | References Description This is a very common social norm which says that if I give something to you or help you in any way, then you are obliged to return the favor. This norm is so powerful, it allows the initial giver to: Ask for something in return, rather than having to wait for a voluntary reciprocal act. Reciprocity also works at the level of liking. Research Kunz and Woolcott sent Christmas cards to a number of people he did not know. Example Hari Krishna people have used this by giving passers-by a small plastic flower and then asking for a donation in return. So what? Using it Give people things, whether it is your time or money. Defending If people give you something, say thank you (which is giving them something back in return!). Always be aware of trickery when people you hardly know offer you something, especially if they ask for something from you in return. See also References |awa|dd|

Rhetori-WHAT?: Teaching Rhetorical Analysis to High School Juniors Those of you who teach AP English Language are probably not impressed with the title of this blog. Rhetoric is the heart and soul of our curriculum. The juniors I speak of are not AP students. Rather, in this post, I will outline a method I developed for teaching my students in standard English about rhetoric and how to analyze its use in writing. I spend about a week introducing the terms and having students identify how and where the terms can be used. First, I hand them one of the "Nacirema" lectures. Here's your moment. When you say, let's write, they'll be upset for a minute, but they'll get over it. "Your analysis will...___ Discuss the use of 2-3 rhetorical terms ___ Define each term ___ Provide an example for each term from the text ___ Explain how the example is representative of the term" This brief analysis hones the students' skills in selecting the correct term to describe an author's style and it pushes them to choose good examples and then justify them. Slow down.

Cicero’s Web: How Social Media Was Born in Ancient Rome by Maria Popova How the dynamics of papyrus scrolls explain Facebook. We’ve already seen that modern social media come from a long lineage of primitive predecessors — from the florilegia of the Middle Ages, which predated Tumblr by half a millennium, to Voltaire’s Republic of Letters, the Facebook of its day, to Edison’s early “viral” cat videos to Félix Fénéon’s analog “Twitter” of early 20th-century France. But it turns out social media originated even earlier than that, in ancient Rome. In Writing on the Wall: Social Media — The First 2,000 Years (public library), history-whisperer Tom Standage takes us to task with debunking our presentism bias by tracing the surprising, scintillating history of what we know as “social media” today. In 51 B.C., the Roman Republic passed a new anti-corruption law, requiring high-ranking government officials to take up posts in the provinces. At the time there were no printing presses and no paper. Donating = Loving Share on Tumblr

Aristotle's Rhetoric 1. Works on Rhetoric According to ancient testimonies, Aristotle wrote an early dialogue on rhetoric entitled ‘Grullos’, in which he put forward the argument that rhetoric cannot be an art (technê); and since this is precisely the position of Plato's Gorgias, the lost dialogue Grullos has traditionally been regarded as a sign of Aristotle's (alleged) early Platonism. What has come down to us are just the three books on rhetoric, which we know as The Rhetoric, though the ancient catalogue of the Aristotelian works, reported by Diogenes Laertius, mentions only two books on rhetoric (perhaps our Rhetoric I & II), and two further books on style (perhaps our Rhetoric III?). The chronological fixing of the Rhetoric has turned out to be a delicate matter. 2. The structure of Rhet. The first book of the Rhetoric treats the three species in succession. 3. Aristotle stresses that rhetoric is closely related to dialectic. 4. 4.1 The Definition of Rhetoric 4.2 The Neutrality of Aristotelian Rhetoric

Identifying and Understanding the Fallacies Used in Advertising ReadWriteThink couldn't publish all of this great content without literacy experts to write and review for us. If you've got lessons plans, activities, or other ideas you'd like to contribute, we'd love to hear from you. More Find the latest in professional publications, learn new techniques and strategies, and find out how you can connect with other literacy professionals. More Teacher Resources by Grade Your students can save their work with Student Interactives. More Home › Classroom Resources › Lesson Plans Lesson Plan Overview Featured Resources From Theory to Practice This lesson alerts students to the fallacies that surround them every day. back to top Logical Fallacy Project: This printout outlines the requirements and expectations for students' multimedia presentations. Hinchman, K.A., Alvermann, D.E., Boyd, F.B., Brozo, W.G., & Vacca, R.T. (2003/2004).

Death To PowerPoint: How To Speak Like A Pro Without The Slides The more times I give my standard speech on time management, the more aware I am of something curious. When I speak without PowerPoint--just me up on the stage, trying to entertain and instruct people--I enjoy the experience far more than when I use slides. The audience has a different energy. I think that’s because I have a different energy. According to Nick Morgan, a speaking coach, president of communications firm Public Words, and author of the forthcoming Power Cues, I’m on to something. First, he notes, anyone who speaks should know this: “A speech is a very inefficient way to impart information.” Human beings aren’t good multi-taskers. Indeed, as Scott Berkun, a frequent speaker and author of The Year Without Pants, recently wrote in a blog post, “Look at any list of the best speeches of all time and you won’t find a single use of slides or other props. Of course, as Morgan notes, “Because the norm is to use slides, going without is a high-wire act. Step Two: limit your points.

How to Say It: Choice Words, Phrases, Sentences, and Paragraphs for Every ... - Rosalie Maggio Finding Common Ground: Using Logical, Audience-Specific Arguments ReadWriteThink couldn't publish all of this great content without literacy experts to write and review for us. If you've got lessons plans, activities, or other ideas you'd like to contribute, we'd love to hear from you. More Find the latest in professional publications, learn new techniques and strategies, and find out how you can connect with other literacy professionals. More Teacher Resources by Grade Your students can save their work with Student Interactives. More Home › Classroom Resources › Lesson Plans Lesson Plan Overview Featured Resources From Theory to Practice When students write argumentative or persuasive essays, they often ignore the viewpoints of their opponents, the potential readers of their essays. back to top "Finding Common Ground" Hypothetical Scenario: Use this scenario to prompt student writing about both sides of the argument. Interactive Venn Diagram: Students can use this online tool to compare any two items, including varying positions on an argument. Rogers, Carl R.

Fascinating Podcasts on Fundraising & Philanthropy - Monsterful Resources As a voracious podcast consumer, I’m always excited when one of my favorite podcasters does an episode about philanthropy and fundraising. Sure, there are lots of podcasts out there devoted to the topic but I think what delights me is that these issues are being heard by a more general audience. Maybe it will reduce the number of people who ask, “So…What, exactly, do you DO?” What Gives? Backstory with the American History Guys Episode Description: Tis the season for giving. The Psychology of Fundraising The Psych Files Episode Description: How do you use psychology persuasion techniques to get people to contribute to your cause? How to Raise Money Without Killing a Kitten Freakonomics Radio Episode Description: In this podcast you’ll hear the economist John List give us the gospel of fundraising — what works, what doesn’t, and why. I was Just Trying to Help This American Life Philanthropy: Humankind and Loving It Stuff You Should Know Were the Robber Barons America’s greatest philanthropists?