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Qui sont donc les classes moyennes ? 16 juillet 2014 - Les classes moyennes occupent le débat public. Mais de qui parle-t-on exactement ? Quelques éléments pour tenter d’y voir plus clair. Par Valérie Schneider et Louis Maurin de l’Observatoire des inégalités. Le concept de classes moyennes est vague. Comme pour la pauvreté, il n’existe pas de définition objective des classes moyennes. Pour clarifier le débat, l’Observatoire des inégalités reprend le découpage suivant, identique à celui utilisé par le Crédoc [1] : les 30 % les plus démunis composent les catégories « modestes ». Les limites de cette définition Ce travail a plusieurs limites. Notre découpage est très rudimentaire. L’approche « statistique » - les classes moyennes des revenus sont celles qui se situent autour du revenu médian - permet de mieux comprendre la réalité des revenus. Cette définition utilise des données après impôts. Lire aussi : Photo/ © Dmitry Nikolaev -

What We Eat | National Geographic This interactive was built in conjunction with National Geographic’s Future of Food series. The data was sourced from FAOSTAT. Values reflect domestic utilization for food consumption in each country or region from 1961 to 2011. Food groupings and units of measure vary slightly from those depicted on the FAOSTAT site. Download the data from here. Values for China refer to FAO’s "China, mainland." *Measures for Russia preceding 1992 are represented with U.S.S.R. data. **"Pulses" refers to lentils, beans, and peas. This project was made possible with support from the Grace Communications Foundation. Built and designed by Fathom Information Design © National Geographic Magazine close

Top 60 Chinese Cities Cities are one of the many phenomena that follow a long-tailed distribution. In simple terms there are a few big cities and lots of small ones. The classic way of showing a long tailed distribution (and the method from which the name is taken) is to produce as plot such as that below: The infographic at the top of the post by demonstrates the distribution in a more engaging and constructive way. One method I have used in the past to demonstrate data with a long tailed distribution is the excellent Wordle tool. I have created a Wordle (below) for the same data (downloaded from Chinfographics). Three Kinds of Empathy: Cognitive, Emotional, Compassionate Being cool in crisis seems essential for our being able to think clearly. But what if keeping cool makes you too cold to care? In other words, must we sacrifice empathy to stay calm? The first is “cognitive empathy,” simply knowing how the other person feels and what they might be thinking. But there can be a dark side to this sort of empathy – in fact, those who fall within the “Dark Triad” – narcissists, Machiavellians, and sociopaths (see Chapter 8 in Social Intelligence) – can be talented in this regard, while having no sympathy whatever for their victims. Katrina’s devastation, we all saw, was amplified enormously by the lackadaisical response from the very agencies that were supposed to manage the emergency. Certainly empathy qualifies as one critical measure of the right leader in a crisis, along with being cool under pressure. Paul told me about his daughter, who works as a social worker in a large city hospital.

Unbelievable…These 23 Mind Blowing Facts Will DESTROY Your Understanding Of Time 1. Cleopatra lived closer to the building of Pizza Hut than the pyramids. The Great Pyramid was built cerca 2560 BC, while Cleopatra lived around 30 BC. The first Pizza Hut opened in 1958, which is about 500 years closer. 2. On the left is the first photograph ever taken (1826), View from the Window at Le Gras by French inventor Joseph Nicéphore Niépce. 3. Teaching started in Oxford as early as 1096, and by 1249, the University was officially founded. 4. When James Avery (Uncle Phil) started on The Fresh Prince, he was 45-years-old. 5. In 1903 the Wright brothers successfully flew a plane for a whopping 59 seconds. 38 years later, in 1941, the Japanese used flight to bomb Pearl Harbor. 6. The guidance computer from the Apollo 11 mission ran at 1.024 MHz, about 1/6th of the processing power of a TI-83 calculator. 7. Misao Okawa was born in 1898, an astonishing 116 years ago. 8. John Tyler served from 1841 to 1845, a full 20 years before Abraham Lincoln. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

World Population Set to Hit 9.1 Billion in 2050 At current growth rates, forecasters expect to see a total of 9.1 billion humans on Earth by 2050, although small shifts in the birth rate might add or subtract one billion people. The rise could be slowed without taking any direct measures to control population. The most effective way to reduce fertility rates is to educate women: worldwide, each additional year of female education lowers the average birth rate further. Greater education correlates with more abstinence, birth control and female employment, each of which lowers birth rates. Source: United Nations Population Division Yli 8000 lukijaa vastasi: Helsingin keskusta siirtyy kohti Kamppia - Helsinki... Ihmisvirta valuu Kolmensepänaukion yli. Kolmen sepän patsas seisoo yksin aamupäivän auringossa Aleksanterinkadun ja Mannerheimintien risteyksessä. Helsingin Sanomien lukijoiden mukaan tässä on Helsingin keskusta. Joukko nuoria tyttöjä kiiruhtaa Vanhan ylioppilastalon ohi ostoskassit käsivarsillaan, poninhännät heiluen. Patsaalle saapuu pariskunta, joka jää tähyilemään Kampin suuntaan. Osaavatko kokkolalaiset sanoa missä on Helsingin keskusta? "Kyllä se tässä aika lähellä on", arvioi Erik Hagström. Kolmen sepän patsaalta on lyhyt matka tavaratalo Stockmannin etuoville. Helsinkiläinen Sanna Andelin odottaa ystäväänsä Kristiina Viikari a, joka on tapansa mukaan myöhässä. "Tämähän on klassinen maamerkki", Andelin tuumii. Tausta Keskusta on alue, ei piste HS pyysi lukijoita sijoittamaan kartalle Helsingin keskustan. Vastaukset jakautuvat laajemmalle alueelle. "Jotkut yrittävät väittää, että keskusta olisi nykyään Kampissa, mutta minulle se on edelleen tässä."

Global Views on Morality Do you personally believe that married people having an affair is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue? Do you personally believe that gambling is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue? Do you personally believe that homosexuality is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue? Do you personally believe that having an abortion is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue? Do you personally believe that sex between unmarried adults is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue? Do you personally believe that drinking alcohol is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue? Do you personally believe that getting a divorce is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue? Do you personally believe that using contraceptives is morally acceptable, morally unacceptable, or is it not a moral issue?

Science & Nature - Human Body and Mind - Spot The Fake Smile Fire agate Fire agate, a variety of chalcedony, is a semi-precious natural gemstone discovered so far only in certain areas of central and northern Mexico and the southwestern United States (New Mexico, Arizona and California). Approximately 24-36 million years ago these areas were subjected to massive volcanic activity during the Tertiary Period. The fire agates were formed during this period of volcanism when hot water, saturated with silica and iron oxide, repeatedly filled cracks and bubbles in the surrounding rock. Fire agates have beautiful iridescent rainbow colors, similar to opal, with a measurement of hardness on the Mohs scale of between 5 and 7 which reduces the occurrence of scratching when polished gemstones are set in jewelry.

7 billion people and you: What's your number? Sources: All population data are based on estimates by the UN Population Division and all calculations provided by the UN Population Fund. The remaining data are from other sections of the UN, the Global Footprint Network and the International Telecommunications Union. Want to find out more? Notes on the data: Only birth dates after 1910 can be accommodated and only countries with populations of more than 100,000 people are included. Three country groupings - developed, developing and least developed - featured in the conclusions are those referenced by the UN for assessing the Millennium Development Goals. Read the answers to frequently asked questions here.

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