Do we see what is really there? The two areas of the image marked A and B, and the rectangle connecting them, are all of the same shade: our eyes automatically "correct" for the shadow of the cylinder. The philosophy of perception is concerned with the nature of perceptual experience and the status of perceptual data, in particular how they relate to beliefs about, or knowledge of, the world. Any explicit account of perception requires a commitment to one of a variety of ontological or metaphysical views. Categories of perception We may categorize perception as internal or external. Internal perception (proprioception) tells us what is going on in our bodies; where our limbs are, whether we are sitting or standing, whether we are depressed, hungry, tired and so forth.External or Sensory perception (exteroception), tells us about the world outside our bodies. The philosophy of perception is mainly concerned with exteroception. Scientific accounts of perception See also
Related: Understanding Human Behavior
The Blog : Drugs and the Meaning of Life(Photo by JB Banks) (Note 6/4/2014: I have revised this 2011 essay and added an audio version.—SH) Everything we do is for the purpose of altering consciousness. Drugs are another means toward this end. One of the great responsibilities we have as a society is to educate ourselves, along with the next generation, about which substances are worth ingesting and for what purpose and which are not. However, we should not be too quick to feel nostalgia for the counterculture of the 1960s. Drug abuse and addiction are real problems, of course, the remedy for which is education and medical treatment, not incarceration. I discuss issues of drug policy in some detail in my first book, The End of Faith, and my thinking on the subject has not changed. I have two daughters who will one day take drugs. This is not to say that everyone should take psychedelics. There is no getting around the role of luck here. Huxley was operating under the assumption that psychedelics decrease brain activity.
Life is spiritual.Philosophy of sciencePhilosophy of science is a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods, and implications of science. The central questions concern what counts as science, the reliability of scientific theories, and the purpose of science. This discipline overlaps with metaphysics, ontology and epistemology, for example, when it explores the relationship between science and truth. There is no consensus on many central problems in philosophy of science, including whether science can reveal the truth about unobservable things and whether scientific reasoning can be justified at all. In addition to these general questions about science as a whole, philosophers of science consider problems that apply to particular sciences such as biology or physics. Some philosophers of science also use contemporary results in science to reach conclusions about philosophy. Today, some thinkers seek to ground science in axiomatic assumptions such as the uniformity of nature. Introduction History
Life Can Be A B*tch: The 10 Best Ways To Vent And Clear Your MindLife can be a bitch. People will frustrate you. Sh*t will come your way that will mess up your plans and demoralize you. The world will not always work in your favor and often at times will seem to be even working against you. Stress is almost certainly unavoidable and can act as a silent killer over time if you are not able to release or disperse of all the negative thoughts and feelings that you have towards your life, the unpleasant situation that you have found yourself in, and yourself. Having a clear mind is having a healthy mind. There are times where our expectations get the better of us and we are let down by the actual results. 1. So you’re no yogi, fair enough. 2. The repetitive motions, the focused, regulated breathing, and the physical exertion makes running an ideal way to remove negative thoughts from your mind. 3. By far my favorite form of venting. 4. Sometimes the best way to clear your thoughts is to get away. 5. If you’re pissed then you may need to sweat it out. 6.
on dutyPhilosophy of religionPhilosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. It is an ancient discipline, being found in the earliest known manuscripts concerning philosophy, and relates to many other branches of philosophy and general thought, including metaphysics, logic, and history. Philosophy of religion is frequently discussed outside of academia through popular books and debates, mostly regarding the existence of God and problem of evil. The philosophy of religion differs from religious philosophy in that it seeks to discuss questions regarding the nature of religion as a whole, rather than examining the problems brought forth by a particular belief system. It is designed such that it can be carried out dispassionately by those who identify as believers or non-believers.  Aquinas
8 Things to Remember When Everything Goes WrongEmail “The best way out is always through.” ―Robert Frost “Today, I’m sitting in my hospital bed waiting to have both my breasts removed. That’s an entry from my grandmother’s journal, dated 9/16/1977. Truth be told, happiness is not the absence of problems, but the ability to deal with them. Here are a few reminders to help motivate you when you need it most: 1. Sometimes life closes doors because it’s time to move forward. Remember that there are two kinds of pain: pain that hurts and pain that changes you. 2. Every time it rains, it stops raining. So if things are good right now, enjoy it. 3. Those who complain the most, accomplish the least. And regardless of what happens in the long run, remember that true happiness begins to arrive only when you stop complaining about your problems and you start being grateful for all the problems you don’t have. 4. Don’t ever be ashamed of the scars life has left you with. Rumi once said, “The wound is the place where the Light enters you.” 5. 6.
Library of Congress Digital Collections & ProgramsHistoric Newspapers Enhanced access to America's historic newspapers through the Chronicling America project. Historic Sound Recordings The National Jukebox features over 10,000 78rpm disc sides issued by the Victor Talking Machine Co. between 1900 and 1925. Performing Arts Collections, articles and special presentations on music, theater and dance materials from the Performing Arts Encyclopedia. Prints and Photographs Catalog of about half of the Library's pictorial holdings with over 1 million digital images. Veterans History Project Experience first-person stories of wartime service through personal artifacts, audio and video interviews.Ancient Philosophy6 Signs You’re Not In Touch With Your Personal Wisdom (And How To Fix It)“Know well what leads you forward and what holds you back, and choose the path that leads to wisdom.” – Buddha While this advice from “the enlightened one” may be easier said than done, it’s safe to say that we have all embarked on our own journeys toward personal wisdom in one way or another. It’s more a matter of how far we’ve come, where we hope to be, and the obstacles currently remaining in the way. Unfortunately, inner wisdom isn’t something that we can learn from a textbook, lecture or lesson. The throws of daily life often lead us astray from these characteristics that we need to focus on, leaving us out of touch with our true selves. Here are 6 ways you could be standing in the way of your own personal wisdom without even realizing it. You’re quick to judge a book by its cover. Preconceived notions about the world and all that it encompasses are like locks on the door to personal wisdom. You don’t learn from your failures. You never take the time to stop and ask “why.” Ursula M.