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Mutualism (economic theory)

Mutualism (economic theory)
Mutualism is an economic theory and anarchist school of thought that advocates a society where each person might possess a means of production, either individually or collectively, with trade representing equivalent amounts of labor in the free market.[1] Integral to the scheme was the establishment of a mutual-credit bank that would lend to producers at a minimal interest rate, just high enough to cover administration.[2] Mutualism is based on a labor theory of value that holds that when labor or its product is sold, in exchange, it ought to receive goods or services embodying "the amount of labor necessary to produce an article of exactly similar and equal utility".[3] Mutualism originated from the writings of philosopher Pierre-Joseph Proudhon. Mutualists have distinguished mutualism from state socialism, and do not advocate state control over the means of production. Mutualism, as a term, has seen a variety of related uses. For historian of the First International G. Related:  9-15 Ene

Egalitarianism Egalitarian and equality logo Forms[edit] Some specifically focused egalitarian concerns include economic egalitarianism, legal egalitarianism, luck egalitarianism, political egalitarianism, gender egalitarianism, racial equality, asset-based egalitarianism, and Christian egalitarianism. Economic[edit] Egalitarianism in economics is a controversial phrase with conflicting potential meanings. The free-market economist Milton Friedman supported equality-of-opportunity economic egalitarianism. Political[edit] Egalitarianism in politics can be of at least two forms. Social ownership of means of production so that the surplus product produced accrues to society as a whole as opposed to private owners is sometimes considered to be a form of economic egalitarianism. Philosophical[edit] At a cultural level, egalitarian theories have developed in sophistication and acceptance during the past two hundred years. Religious[edit] In Christianity[edit] Judaism[edit] Islam also advocates for equality.

Louis Auguste Blanqui Louis Auguste Blanqui Louis Auguste Blanqui (French pronunciation: ​[lwi oɡyst blɑ̃ki]; 8 February 1805, Puget-Théniers, Alpes-Maritimes – 1 January 1881, Paris) was a French socialist and political activist, notable for his revolutionary theory of Blanquism. Biography[edit] Early life, political activity and first imprisonment (1805-1848)[edit] Implicated in the armed outbreak of the Société des Saisons, of which he was a leading member, Blanqui was condemned to death on 14 January 1840, a sentence later commuted to life imprisonment. Release, revolutions and further imprisonment (1848-1879)[edit] He was released during the revolution of 1848, only to resume his attacks on existing institutions. In 1865, while serving a further term of imprisonment under the Empire, he escaped, and continued his propaganda campaign against the government from abroad, until the general amnesty of 1869 enabled him to return to France. Ideology[edit] Death[edit] Legacy[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]

MI Alliance of TimeBanks - How It Works At its most basic level, TimeBanking is simply about spending an hour doing something for somebody in your community. That hour goes into the TimeBank as a Time Dollar. Then you have a Time dollar to spend on having someone doing something for you. It’s a simple idea, but it has powerful ripple effects in building community connections. Each TimeBank has a website where you list what you would like to do for other members. You look up TimeBank services online or call a community coordinator to do it for you. With TimeBanking, you will be working with a small group of committed individuals who are joined together for a common good. Apio Ludd | Union Of Egoists The writer known as Apio Ludd is a current nom de plume of a contemporary egoist/anarchist philosopher involved in theoretical and practical activity. He has also gone by the name Wolfi Landstreicher (“Landstreicher” is the German word for vagabond, tramp) and Feral Faun (from approximately 1982 to 1992). EDITORIAL NOTE: Because Apio is living, I would like to make a declaration that he has in no way given permission or approval for his inclusion on this site. He has, to my knowledge, said nothing about it at all. He edited the anarchist publication Willful Disobedience, which was published from 1996 until 2005, and currently publishes a variety of anarchist, radical, surrealist and poetic pamphlets and booklets. He currently publishes explicitly egoist journal My Own, since 2012. His ideas are influenced by insurrectionary anarchism, Max Stirner’s egoism, surrealism, the Situationist International and non-primitivist critiques of civilization. This is a short piece:

Towards a New Socialism This book (first published in 1993 by Spokesman, Nottingham, England) is our attempt to answer the idea that socialism is dead and buried after the demise of the Soviet Union. The core of the book consists of a series of chapters spelling out what we believe would be efficient and democratic methods for planning a complex economy. We also examine issues of inequality and its elimination, systems of payment for labour, a democratic political constitution for a socialist commonwealth, the commune as a set of arrangements for living, and property relations under socialism. The book "Towards a New Socialism" (TNS) is copyright (c) 1993 W. Paul Cockshott and Allin Cottrell. From this page you may access: Information on the printed book from Spokesman or Update on computer speeds: One of the themes of our work is that the speed of modern computers makes a real difference to the feasibility of efficient economic planning.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Proudhon, who was born in Besançon, was a printer who taught himself Latin in order to better print books in the language. His best-known assertion is that Property is Theft!, contained in his first major work, What is Property? Or, an Inquiry into the Principle of Right and Government (Qu'est-ce que la propriété? Recherche sur le principe du droit et du gouvernement), published in 1840. The book's publication attracted the attention of the French authorities. Proudhon favored workers' associations or co-operatives, as well as individual worker/peasant possession, over private ownership or the nationalization of land and workplaces. Biography Early life and education Proudhon was born in Besançon, France on February 15, 1809, at 37 Rue du Petit Battant in the suburb of Battant.[6] His father, Claude-François Proudhon who worked as a brewer and a cooper,[7] was originally from the village of Chasnans, near the border with Switzerland. Entrance into the printing trade Early writings Death

Hong Kong's 'villain hitters' use sorcery to vent political anger | World news Feeling down about Donald Trump’s election and hope he will fail? Want to curse Nigel Farage for leading the UK to Brexit? A group of sorcerers in Hong Kong have what you need, and a track record they say proves their success. Known locally as “villain hitters”, the group of mostly elderly women set up stall every day under a flyover in the former British colony’s busiest shopping district. As his popularity plummeted, Hong Kong’s leader, Leung Chun-ying, has been increasingly in the crosshairs of the roadside retribution vendors. “During the hitting, we ask the gods of heaven and earth to punish the villains, to make them less dominant,” said Wong Gat-lei, a third-generation villain hitter who has been casting spells for more than 20 years. “People want to weaken others through villain hitting to achieve peace of mind,” she said. Once it has been beaten to shreds, the sorcerers rub the remains with a slab of pork fat and burn it.

Collectivism Collectivism can be divided into horizontal (or egalitarian) collectivism and vertical (or hierarchical) collectivism. Horizontal collectivism stresses collective decision-making among equal individuals, and is thus usually based on decentralization and egalitarianism. Vertical collectivism is based on hierarchical structures of power and on moral and cultural conformity, and is therefore based on centralization and hierarchy. Typology[edit] Collectivism has been used to refer to a diverse range of political and economic positions, including nationalism, direct democracy, representative democracy and monarchy. equality does not mean an equal amount but equal opportunity. . . Indeed, horizontal collectivists argue that the idea of individuals sacrificing themselves for the "group" or "greater good" is nonsensical, arguing that groups are made up of individuals (including oneself) and are not a cohesive, monolithic entity separate from the self. Culture and politics[edit] Criticisms[edit]

Blanquism Louis Auguste Blanqui In left-wing discourse, Blanquism refers to a conception of revolution generally attributed to Louis Auguste Blanqui which holds that socialist revolution should be carried out by a relatively small group of highly organised and secretive conspirators.[1] Having seized power, the revolutionaries would then use the power of the state to introduce socialism. It is considered a particular sort of 'putschism' – that is, the view that political revolution should take the form of a putsch or coup d'état.[2] Blanquism is distinguished from other socialist currents (especially Marxist ones) in various ways; on the one hand, contrary to Marx, Blanqui did not believe in the predominant role of the working class, nor did he believe in popular movements. Instead he believed that revolution should be carried out by a small group of professional, dedicated revolutionaries, who would establish a temporary dictatorship by force. Central Revolutionary Committee[edit] Lenin[edit]

PIEDRA Y POLVO DE ALUMBRE CONTRA MAL DE OJO, ENVIDIAS Y ENERGIAS NEGATIVAS | TIENDA ESOTERICA La piedra de alumbre es utilizada desde la antigüedad por sus múltiples aplicaciones. Como su nombre dice, sirve para “alumbrar”, para dar luz en la oscuridad. Es un mineral purificador por excelencia. Bolsa de 40 grs. - El precio de la bolsa de polvo de piedra azul es de 12.00 € (Euros) o de 16.00 $ (si prefieres pagar en Dolares USA). - La forma de pago se realiza por transferencia bancaria o por Paypal.- Para realizar tu pedido debes enviarme un e-mail a: Por su poder catalizador, absorbe la negatividad del ambiente en donde el polvo se deposita, y cuando se coloca en agua, cristaliza, recogiendo la negatividad y atrapándola en los cristales. Se utiliza bajo la invocación: Abraham, Jacob, Isaac y Eliseo. Se utiliza para: - Quitar todo tipo de energías negativas. - Dar luz a los espíritus. - Elevar la materia. - Quitar envidias. - Contra pesadillas. - Alejar malos espíritus. - Protector contra mal de ojo. - Talismán protector. Dar luz a los espíritus: Quitar envidias: Contra pesadillas e insomnio:

Erik Olin Wright Erik Olin Wright (born 1947, in Berkeley, California) is an American analytical Marxist sociologist, specializing in social stratification, and in egalitarian alternative futures to capitalism. He was the 2012 President of the American Sociological Association.[1] Biography[edit] Erik Olin Wright, born on 9 February 1947 in Berkeley, California, received two BAs (from Harvard College in 1968, and from Balliol College in 1970), and the PhD from University of California, Berkeley, in 1976. Since that time, he has been a professor of sociology at University of Wisconsin - Madison.[2] Thought[edit] Wright has been described as an "influential new left theorist Wright has stressed the importance of Erik Olin Wright's work includes Class Counts: Comparative Studies in Class Analysis (Cambridge, 1997), which uses data collected in various industrialized countries, including the United States, Canada, Norway and Sweden. Selected books[edit] Monographs[edit] Collected works[edit] See also[edit]