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The Grammar of TV and Film

Zoom. In zooming in the camera does not move; the lens is focussed down from a long-shot to a close-up whilst the picture is still being shown. The subject is magnified, and attention is concentrated on details previously invisible as the shot tightens (contrast tracking). Following pan. Surveying pan. Tilt. Crab. Tracking (dollying). Hand-held camera. Process shot. Editing Techniques Cut. There is always a reason for a cut, and you should ask yourself what the reason is. Matched cut. continuity of direction; completed action;* a similar centre of attention in the frame; a one-step change of shot size (e.g. long to medium); a change of angle (conventionally at least 30 degrees). *The cut is usually made on an action (for example, a person begins to turn towards a door in one shot; the next shot, taken from the doorway, catches him completing the turn). Jump cut. Motivated cut. Cutting rate. Cutting rhythm. Cross-cut. Cutaway/cutaway shot (CA). Reaction shot. Insert/insert shot. Wipe.

Futurama timeline Now including all of season 7B. This may be the final significant update of the Futurama timeline. It's been an emotional day for me. Notes The Futurama universe is assumed to be exactly identical to ours except where the show explicitly diverges from reality. The Timeline A question mark indicates that a date is probable, but not known for definite.

The 15-Minute Daily Habit That Will Change Your Career Growing up in rural Circleville, Ohio, in the '80s and '90s, Austin Kleon couldn't have known how the social networks of the future would enable him to easily connect to the writers and artists who were his heroes at the time. But the artist, recent SXSW keynote speaker, and author of Show Your Work! 10 Ways to Share Your Creativity and Get Discovered, was still eager for ways to interact with those worlds. At 13, he wrote to punk collage artist Winston Smith, who responded with a 14-page letter, the first exchange in years of correspondence. Last year, Smith was doing an open studio in San Francisco, and the two met in person--this time as peers. "The best thing about putting your work out in the world is that sometimes you get lucky and get to meet your heroes," says Kleon. The punk scene of which Smith was a part has influenced Kleon's work in other ways. "The technology is really important, and we all have tools that turn us into media producers now," he says.

6 Filmmaking Tips From Martin Scorsese In his review of Mean Streets, Roger Ebert claimed that Martin Scorsese had the potential to become the American Fellini in ten years. It probably didn’t really take that long. Scorsese is a living library of film, but he isn’t a dusty repository of knowledge. Over the course of his career, he’s created indelible works bursting with anger, violence, fragility, care, and wonder. Never Stop Looking For Inspiration (Because You’re Gonna Need It) Scorsese: One night I was watching late-night films on . . . Spike Lee: So you’re telling me that Martin Scorsese, the father of cinema, needs inspiration to make more films? Scorsese: Well, it gets you excited again. That’s from a conversation in “Interview” magazine between Spike Lee and Martin Scorsese where an important distinction is made. You’re Never Going to Get the Money You Want “I think there’s only one or two films where I’ve had all the financial support I needed. Your Personal Story Matters Watch These 85 Movies (and Then Watch More)

Eleven French Films for People Who Hate French Films A wise man once said, “French films are… too French.” American audiences often have preconceived notions about foreign films… that they’re boring, nonsensical, and hoity-toity(a technical term, you can google it), but French films in particular may come across as more pretentious than a lifetime subscription to McSweeney’s Quarterly Concern. So how do we at Film School Rejects combat this misguided attitude? First, we acknowledge that for the most part it’s true. It is. Second, we concentrate on finding the exceptions to the rule, the films that break that smoky French mold and just appeal to fans of good movies. You won’t find any critically lauded classics from the likes of Jean-Luc Godard or Francois Truffaut here. #11. Americans love revenge and mistaken identity hijinks! #10. Americans love abortion and seafood! #9. Americans love suspense and nudity! #8. 8 Women (8 femmes) Americans love musicals and murder! #7. Americans love gore and masturbation! #6. #5. #4. #3. #2. #1.

The Periodic Table Of How Kids Play It used to be that play was just play. There wasn’t a whole lot to say about it. Kids climbed trees, hit balls, and did experiments on insects. But by the mid-20th century, children’s play was being extensively studied, classified, and taxonomied by pioneering psychologists such as Melanie Klein and D.W. Winnicott. Laura Richardson, who spent 10 years at Frog Design, has boiled it all down into one playful infographic: The Periodic Table of 21st Century Play. There are 11 play categories, from morphing to questing and from stretching to creating, and subsets of activities in each. In an era of soul-crushing standardized testing of younger and younger kids, it's critical to import the notion that play helps kids find their inner creativity and become curious and analytical beings. Each column in the graphic is topped with a plus sign, symbolizing that the chart is ever-evolving, and that kids and parents alike should feel free to add their own ideas. [Image: Toys via Shutterstock]

Of Metaphors and Purpose: Mike Nichols interview | Film Comment | Film Society of Lincoln Center Mike Nichols talks about his collaborations with Elaine May, his first directing experiences, and writing How did you start out in your career? I sort of backed into it. That is to say, I did some plays in college, and then I became part of a theater group that Paul Sills started in Chicago called Playwrights Theater. [Yet] I never thought I would be an actor, because when I would occasionally try to cast myself in something, I couldn't; I didn't ever find a part that fit me. How did you meet and what was your impression of her? We met at the University of Chicago. We became very close, it's a very difficult thing to describe, but what was true then is true now in our most recent version of collaboration, in which she writes the script and I direct it, in that what one of us doesn't think of the other does, and we define the things that are involved in drama and movies in a similar way. How did you make the transition from performing to directing? Why were you so successful together?

6 Things the Film Industry Doesn’t Want You to Know About All this week, Film School Rejects presents a daily dose of our favorite articles from the archive. Originally published in September 2011, Ashe Cantrell pulls back the curtain on the Hollywood conspiracy machine… You may already be a film industry cynic. Maybe you think Hollywood is a barren wasteland, devoid of creativity and originality. Maybe you’re sick of seeing talented people get ignored and vapid hacks get splashed all over the trades. I’m not here to dissuade you of any of that. But first, I’d like to give a very huge shout out and thank you to writers C. And now back to the shit storm, already in progress: 6. Here’s a basic example of Hollywood Accounting: A studio makes a movie. Sound ridiculous? Similarly, someone leaked Warner Bros.’ accounting sheet for Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix onto the internet, showing that the film that had grossed about $1 billion worldwide had lost $167 million on paper.

Techniques innovantes pour l'enseignement supérieur 6 Famous Movies With Mind-Blowing Hidden Meanings The Shining: Jack Nicholson Doesn't Care About Indian People What You Think You're Watching A horror film about a frustrated writer who loses his marbles while working at an isolated hotel in Colorado. Said writer tries to kill his family as he cackles a catchphrase from a popular American talk show. This one. The Subtext The caretaker's wife and son come to represent Native Americans, and murderous Jack Torrance is whitey. According to some theorists, Stanley Kubrick's 1980 film The Shining is brimming with messages about violence against Native Americans. Unless there was some sort of territorial spat with a nearby casino. So there's that. "Fuck you, indigenous peoples!" But maybe that's just a coincidence. In the first half of the film, when Torrance is still relatively free of Hotel Ghost Syndrome, both his wife and son dress in a series of outfits that all prominently feature patriotic shades of red and blue. But once Torance starts going loco, his wardrobe becomes red and blue ...

Three Creativity Challenges from IDEO's Leaders - Tom Kelley and David Kelley by Tom Kelley and David Kelley | 8:00 AM November 8, 2013 People often ask us how they can become more creative. Through our work at the global design and innovation firm IDEO and David’s work at Stanford University’s, we’ve helped thousands of executives and students develop breakthrough ideas and products, from Apple’s first computer mouse to next-generation surgical tools for Medtronic to fresh brand strategies for the North Face in China. Of course, exercising your mind can sometimes feel more daunting than exercising your muscles. Mindmaps are a powerful way to overcome fear of the blank page, look for patterns, explore a subject, come up with truly innovative ideas, record their evolution so you can trace back in search of new insights, and communicate your thought processes to others. TOOL: Mindmap PARTICIPANTS: Usually a solo activity TIME: 15–60 minutes SUPPLIES: Paper (the bigger the better) and pen We learned this 30 Circles exercise from David’s mentor, Bob McKim.

Outcry Against Conformity in Who's afraid of Virginia Woolf? :: Who's Afraid Virginia Woolf Essays Outcry Against Conformity in Who's afraid of Virginia Woolf? Who's afraid of Virginia Woolf? may be viewed as a criticism of American society in the 1960s. Edward Albee saw 'the responsibility of the be a sort of demonic social critic': thus the play became a reaction against the illusionary plays of its time. The setting - New Carthage - of the alcohol-sodden gathering is significant in itself. Nick and Honey act as a sounding board and audience for Martha and George's elaborate games, but on a more sinister level, as a representation of the new robotic generation in society. Martha uses fantasy and theatrics to create a parody of the play within the play; she and George mock the concept of drama by overplaying themselves. George has recognised the plight of society, but instead of standing up to the conformity, has decided to hide in his history books. Albee utilises a number of dramatic and linguistic techniques to form his attack on society.