Types of Landforms Landforms are defined as the natural physical features found on the surface of the earth. They are created by the actions of various forces of nature, mainly wind, water, and ice. In most of the cases, it is the erosional and depositional activity carried out by these forces of nature (agents of erosion and deposition) that leads to the formation of different landforms. Landform Types and their Features There are many types of landforms on the earth's surface. Mountainous & Glacial Landforms Fluvial & Coastal Landforms Aeolian Landforms Aeolian landforms are formed by the chemical and mechanical action of the wind. Dunes Dunes the most common and intriguing features of desert environment and aeolian landforms (e.g. the Cerro Blanco in Sechura desert, Peru). Loess Basically, loess is a deposition of silt with a little amount of sand and clay. Mushroom Rock Erosional Landforms Landforms resulting from exclusively erosional and weathering activity are termed as 'erosional landforms'. Mesas Hills
Types of Landforms We all know that one – fourth of the earth’s surface is covered by land. The portion which forms land on earth’s surface is not the same everywhere. At some places the land may be too high, at some places very low, some areas would be lush green and certain areas are dry and barren. These different physical features are called the various landforms on the surface of the earth. The different major landforms are mountains, hills, valleys, plateaus, plains and deserts. Facts about Mountains A mountain is the highest landform on the surface of the earth. 3 Types of Mountains Volcanic mountainsFold mountainsBlock mountainsMountains could be formed when molten rocks from deep within the earth rise to the surface, pouring out in the form of lava from volcanoes.Sometimes the tectonic plates on the earth’s crust move towards each other, the sediments deep below the earth’s surface are squeezed up to form mountain ranges.There are many mountains that remain covered with snow throughout the year.