background preloader

Richard Dawkins

Related:  Outside the Box

Doug Stanhope Douglas Gene "Doug" Stanhope (born March 25, 1967) is an American stand-up comedian, actor and author known for his abrasive, controversial comedy style and libertarian political views. Life and career[edit] He has made appearances at several major comedy festivals, including the Montreal Just For Laughs, US Comedy Arts Festival in Aspen, Colorado, the Chicago Comedy Festival and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in Scotland, where he won the Strathmore Press Award in 2002.[citation needed] Stanhope was the winner of the 1995 San Francisco International Comedy Competition where he edged out Dane Cook in a three-week contest.[2] On September 25, 2008, Stanhope appeared as a guest panelist on the Channel 4 programme 8 Out of 10 Cats whilst touring in London. Stanhope lives in the Warren tract of Bisbee, Arizona, near the US–Mexico border in a small house with musician/author Amy "Bingo" Bingaman. Stanhope's 7th album, From Across The Street, was released on November 24, 2009. Comedic style[edit]

Sam Harris (author) Samuel B. "Sam" Harris (born April 9, 1967)[2] is an American author, philosopher, and neuroscientist. He is the co-founder and CEO of Project Reason.[3] He is the author of The End of Faith, which was published in 2004 and appeared on The New York Times Best Seller list for 33 weeks. The book also won the PEN/Martha Albrand Award for First Nonfiction in 2005.[4] In 2006, Harris published the book Letter to a Christian Nation as a response to criticism of The End of Faith. This work was followed by The Moral Landscape, published in 2010, his long-form essay Lying in 2011, and the short book Free Will in 2012. Harris grew up in a secular home in Los Angeles, and is the son of the TV producer Susan Harris,[9] and actor Berkeley Harris. In 2009, Harris earned a Ph.D. degree in cognitive neuroscience at the University of California, Los Angeles,[11][20][21] using functional magnetic resonance imaging to conduct research into the neural basis of belief, disbelief, and uncertainty.[11][21]

Penn Jillette Early life[edit] Jillette was born in Greenfield, Massachusetts. His mother, Valda R. Jillette (née Parks; 1909–2000),[2] was a secretary, and his father, Samuel Herbert Jillette (1912–1999),[2] worked at Greenfield's Franklin County Jail.[3][4][5] Penn became an atheist in his early teens after reading the Bible and was subsequently asked to leave the church after asking questions in a youth group that also made skeptics of his peers.[6] Jillette became disenchanted with traditional illusionist acts that presented the craft as authentic magic, such as The Amazing Kreskin on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Career and Showtime[edit] In 1994 Jillette purchased a house in Las Vegas and dubbed it "The Slammer".[9] It has been featured in dozens of television shows and articles and was designed by his friend Colin Summers. While the off Broadway hit was running, in 1988 Penn was in a speed mariachi power trio called Bongos, Bass and Bob (Penn played bass; bongos were by Dean J.

James Lovelock James Ephraim Lovelock, CH, CBE, FRS[2] (born 26 July 1919) is an independent scientist, environmentalist and futurist who lives in Dorset, England. He is best known for proposing the Gaia hypothesis, which postulates that the biosphere is a self-regulating entity with the capacity to keep our planet healthy by controlling the interconnections of the chemical and physical environment.[5] Biography[edit] Career[edit] James Lovelock around 1960 A lifelong inventor, Lovelock has created and developed many scientific instruments, some of which were designed for NASA in its program of planetary exploration. In early 1961, Lovelock was engaged by NASA to develop sensitive instruments for the analysis of extraterrestrial atmospheres and planetary surfaces. Lovelock was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1974. On 8 May 2012, he appeared on the Radio Four series "The Life Scientific", talking to Jim al-Khalili about the Gaia hypothesis. CFCs[edit] Gaia[edit] Nuclear power[edit] Climate[edit]

Das egoistische Gen Herleitung[Bearbeiten] Dawkins geht von der Überlegung aus, dass in der Evolutionsforschung eine Zeit lang Arten als Einheit der Selektion angesehen wurden (Arterhaltung). So heißt es in älteren Dokumentationen oft: Tiere „opfern sich zum Wohl der Art“. Besonders allele Gene stehen in direkter Konkurrenz, also solche, die an der gleichen Stelle im Genom sitzen können und die gleiche Aufgabe erfüllen, sich aber darin voneinander unterscheiden können, wie sie diese Aufgabe erfüllen. Entwicklung des Lebens[Bearbeiten] Dawkins führt die gesamte Entwicklung des Lebens auf die Selektion von Genen zurück, die jeweils die meisten Kopien von sich anfertigen konnten. Verwandtenselektion[Bearbeiten] Dawkins zufolge lässt sich auch eindeutig altruistisches (selbstloses) Verhalten von Individuen durch den Egoismus der Gene erklären (→ Verwandtenselektion). Meme[Bearbeiten] Ausgaben[Bearbeiten] The Selfish Gene. Siehe auch[Bearbeiten] Soziobiologie Weblinks[Bearbeiten] Von Genen und Memen

George Lowe George Edward Lowe (born November 10, 1957)[1][2][3] is an American voice actor/comedian. He is perhaps best known for his role as the voice of Space Ghost on the Cartoon Network/Adult Swim talk show Space Ghost Coast to Coast, a role which he played for all 110 episodes spanning fourteen years before the series ended in 2008, along with its spin-off Cartoon Planet.[4] He continued to voice Space Ghost in several cameos in other programs for several years, even following the conclusion of the series, but did not reprise the role for the 2012 revival of Cartoon Planet. He also makes recurring voice appearances in Aqua Teen Hunger Force. Early life[edit] Acting roles[edit] As Space Ghost[edit] Lowe has performed Space Ghost's voice more than any other role in his acting career, and he has portrayed the character more often than any other actor. Minor roles[edit] Lowe is a recurring character on Aqua Teen Hunger Force where he plays himself. Lowe has done announcing work for Sponsors vs. Notes

Freedom From Religion Foundation George Carlin George Denis Patrick Carlin[1] (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008) was an American comedian, writer, social critic, and actor who won five Grammy Awards for his comedy albums.[2] Carlin was noted for his black comedy as well as his thoughts on politics, the English language, psychology, religion, and various taboo subjects. Carlin and his "Seven dirty words" comedy routine were central to the 1978 U.S. Supreme Court case F.C.C. v. Pacifica Foundation, in which a 5–4 decision by the justices affirmed the government's power to regulate indecent material on the public airwaves. The first of his 14 stand-up comedy specials for HBO was filmed in 1977. Early life[edit] Carlin joined the United States Air Force when he was old enough, and was trained as a radar technician. Career[edit] 1960s[edit] Carlin (right) with singer Buddy Greco in Away We Go (1967). In the 1960s, Carlin began appearing on television variety shows, where his routines included:[19] George Carlin in 1969 1970s[edit]

Gaia hypothesis The study of planetary habitability is partly based upon extrapolation from knowledge of the Earth's conditions, as the Earth is the only planet currently known to harbour life The Gaia hypothesis, also known as Gaia theory or Gaia principle, proposes that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a self-regulating, complex system that contributes to maintaining the conditions for life on the planet. Topics of interest include how the biosphere and the evolution of life forms affect the stability of global temperature, ocean salinity, oxygen in the atmosphere and other environmental variables that affect the habitability of Earth. Introduction[edit] Less accepted versions of the hypothesis claim that changes in the biosphere are brought about through the coordination of living organisms and maintain those conditions through homeostasis. Details[edit] Regulation of the salinity in the oceans[edit] Regulation of oxygen in the atmosphere[edit] Processing of CO2[edit]

The Extended Phenotype The Extended Phenotype (mit dem Untertitel The Gene as the Unit of Selection, sowie später The Long Reach of the Gene) ist ein 1982 erschienenes populärwissenschaftliches Sachbuch des englischen Evolutionsbiologen Richard Dawkins. 1999 wurde eine revidierte Version mit einem Nachwort des Philosophen Daniel Dennett publiziert. Die deutschsprachige Ausgabe erschien im Jahr 2010 unter dem Titel Der erweiterte Phänotyp: Der lange Arm der Gene. Das Konzept des Extended Phenotype betrachtet Dawkins als seinen Hauptbeitrag zur Evolutionstheorie. Inhalt[Bearbeiten] Nester sind ein typisches Beispiel für den erweiterten Phänotyp von Lebewesen. 3 Meter hoher Termitenhügel in Kenia: Ein kleines Tier mit sehr auffälligem erweitertem Phänotyp. Dawkins erweitert die bereits in seinem früheren Buch Das egoistische Gen entwickelte Idee, dass ein Organismus eine von seinen Genen konstruierte "Überlebensmaschine" sei um die Chancen der Gene auf ihre Verbreitung im Genpool zu maximieren. Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

Bill Hicks William Melvin "Bill" Hicks (December 16, 1961 – February 26, 1994) was an American stand-up comedian, social critic, satirist, and musician. His material, encompassing a wide range of social issues including religion, politics, and philosophy, was controversial, and often steeped in dark comedy. At the age of 16, while still in high school, he began performing at the Comedy Workshop in Houston, Texas. During the 1980s, he toured the United States extensively and made a number of high-profile television appearances; but it was in the UK that he amassed a significant fan base, filling large venues during his 1991 tour.[1] He also achieved a modicum of recognition as a guitarist and songwriter. Hicks died of pancreatic cancer on February 26, 1994, in Little Rock, Arkansas, at the age of 32. Early life[edit] Hicks was born in Valdosta, Georgia, the son of James Melvin "Jim" Hicks (1923–2006) and Mary Reese Hicks, the younger sibling of Lynn and Steve. Career[edit] Beginnings[edit] Legacy[edit]

Related:  October '11*ram