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Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu
Related:  PerúIncas - A Classer

The World Factbook ShowIntroduction :: PERU Panel - Collapsed Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peru declared its independence in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his resignation in 2000.

Machu Picchu's Mysteries On the morning of July 24, 1911, a tall lecturer-cum-explorer from Yale University set off in a cold drizzle to investigate rumors of ancient Inca ruins in Peru. The explorer chopped his way through thick jungle, crawled across a "bridge" of slender logs bound together with vines, and crept through underbrush hiding venomous fer-de-lance pit vipers. Two hours into the hike, the explorer and his two escorts came across a grass-covered hut. What Bingham saw was a dramatic and towering citadel of stone cut from escarpments. Certainly, what he saw was awe-invoking. Machu Picchu is formed of buildings, plazas, and platforms connected by narrow lanes or paths. Bingham's discovery was published in the April 1913 issue of magazine, bringing the mountaintop citadel to the world's attention. Bingham believed he had found Vilcabamba, the so-called Lost City of the Inca where the last of the independent Inca rulers waged a years-long battle against Spanish conquistadors. Dr.

Machu Picchu Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Machu Picchu (du quechua machu : vieille, et pikchu : montagne, sommet)[note 1] est une ancienne cité inca du XVe siècle au Pérou, perchée sur un promontoire rocheux qui unit les monts Machu Picchu et Huayna Picchu sur le versant oriental des Andes centrales. Son nom aurait été Pikchu ou Picho[1]. Selon des documents du XVIe siècle, trouvés par l'archéologue italien Lucas Pittavino, Machu Picchu aurait été une des résidences de l’empereur Pachacútec. Abandonnée lors de l’effondrement de l'empire inca, Machu Picchu, la ville sacrée oubliée durant des siècles, est considérée comme une œuvre maîtresse de l’architecture inca. Localisation[modifier | modifier le code] Situation des ruines de Machu Picchu, dans le Cañón del Urubamba Le site se trouve à l’est de la Cordillère des Andes, aux limites de la forêt amazonienne[note 2] situé au Pérou (province d'Urubamba), à cent trente kilomètres de Cuzco[note 3]. Accès[modifier | modifier le code]

Terres oubliées :: tourisme, voyage d'aventure, écotourisme, exploration, expédition, trekking, raid, randonnée, méharée... Exploration :: Terres Oubliées Le bateau, à voile ou à moteur, offre l'opportunité rare de se rendre dans des territoires reculés et inhabités. Nous affrétons des bateaux exclusivement pour Terres Oubliées et nos croisières sont garanties avec de tout petit groupe, de 5 à 12 personnes maximum, en compagnie de guides spécialistes... Machu Picchu History The citadel of Machu Picchu has had several periods of occupation. Taken from the chronicles, the construction style and ceramics found has deducted the following: Initial Period: 1300 ADClassic Period: 1400 ADImperial Period: 1533 ADTransition Period 1533-1572 AD The story of Machu Picchu Most modern archaeologists and historians agree that Machu Picchu was built by the Inca Pachacutec, the greatest statesman of Tahuantinsuyo, who ruled from 1438 to 1471. The construction of Machu Picchu began when the Inca´s territory started to grow. Inca Pachacutec was the first to emerge beyond the valley of Cusco after his epic victory over the Chancas. The origin of Machu Picchu is attributed with some certainty to Pachacutec, embattled president, which was characterized by territorial conquests, and the development of religion and spirituality. Occupied by at least three generations of Incas, Machu Picchu was abandoned in a sudden and mysterious decision. Rediscovery Machu Picchu nowadays.

Peru Peru Peru is a country in South America, situated on the western side of that continent, facing the South Pacific Ocean and straddling part of the Andes mountain range that runs the length of South America. Peru is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. Understand[edit] Although Peru has rich natural resources and many great places to visit, the poverty scale reaches 25.8% of the population. The Peruvian economy is healthy and quite strong, however inequality is still common. The word gringo is used commonly but is not generally intended as offensive. Generally, people are very friendly, peaceful and helpful. Peru is not exactly a haven for efficiency. You may also want to see Tips for travel in developing countries for some useful hints. Electricity[edit] A typical power outlet found in Peru Most of Peru uses 220V, 60Hz. Time Zone[edit] Peru Time or PET. UTC/GMT -5 hours. No daylight saving time. Regions[edit] Cities[edit] [edit]

The Silk Road On the eastern and western sides of the continent, the civilisations of China and the West developed. The western end of the trade route appears to have developed earlier than the eastern end, principally because of the development of the the empires in the west, and the easier terrain of Persia and Syria. The Iranian empire of Persia was in control of a large area of the Middle East, extending as far as the Indian Kingdoms to the east. This region was taken over by Alexander the Great of Macedon, who finally conquered the Iranian empire, and colonised the area in about 330 B.C., superimposing the culture of the Greeks. This `crossroads' region, covering the area to the south of the Hindu Kush and Karakorum ranges, now Pakistan and Afghanistan, was overrun by a number of different peoples. Close on the heels of the Parthians came the Yuezhi people from the Northern borders of the Taklimakan. The eastern end of the route developed rather more slowly.

Civilisation inca Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Extension maximale de l'empire inca et de ses quatre régions principales Elle est à l'origine de l'empire inca, l'un des trois grands empires de l'Amérique précolombienne, qui avait pour chef suprême le Sapa Inca. L'une des grandes singularités de cet empire fut d'avoir intégré, dans une organisation étatique originale, la multiplicité socioculturelle des populations hétérogènes qui le composaient. Histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Héritage des civilisations précédentes[modifier | modifier le code] Premiers peuplements[modifier | modifier le code] Civilisation Chavín[modifier | modifier le code] Extension de la culture Chavín (gris foncé) et de son influence (gris clair) Le développement de l'agriculture entraîna des changements sociaux importants : la population explose, des villes apparaissent et une élite religieuse se crée[Favre 2]. Tiwanaku et Huari[modifier | modifier le code] Empire Chimú[modifier | modifier le code]

CaminoInca Chemin de l'Inca Dans le passé l'ensemble de l'empire dans toutes les directions était relié par un réseau remarquable de routes et chemins pris tant par les chaskis ou messagers, que les armées ou autrespersonnes autorisées. Et s'il est clair que tous les sentiers et autres voies terrestres construites par les Incas sont des chemins incas. Une seule randonnée touristique porte ce nom. Et le chemin qui y mène comme le site de Machu Picchu, font partie d'une zone protégée de 32.592 hectares appelée le Sanctuaire Historique de Machu Picchu (en abrégé SHMP) créé par le Décret suprême N°001-81-AG. Km 82 Si vous décidez de ne pas vous lancer immédiatement dans la randonnée mais désirez flâner dans les environs enquête de petites découvertes, il y a le petit village de la communauté de Piscacucho (les 5 recoins ou 5 montagnes) et plus loin déjà trois petits sites dont Sala Punku à quelques centaines de mètres de là, suplombant la voie ferrée et le fleuve. Consultez aussi nos autres pages Lexiques

Machu Picchu | National Geographic On the morning of July 24, 1911, an enterprising lecturer-explorer from Yale University set off in a cold drizzle to investigate rumors of ancient Inca ruins in Peru. The explorer chopped his way through thick jungle, crawled across a "bridge" of slender logs bound together with vines, and crept through underbrush hiding venomous fer-de-lance pit vipers. Two hours into the hike, the explorer and his two escorts came across a grass-covered hut. A pair of local farmers walked them a short way before handing them over to a small boy. What Bingham saw was a dramatic and towering citadel of stone cut from escarpments. Certainly, what he saw was awe-invoking. Machu Picchu is formed of buildings, plazas, and platforms connected by narrow lanes or paths. The Wrong "Lost City" Bingham's discovery was published in the April 1913 issue of National Geographic magazine, bringing the mountaintop citadel to the world's attention. So what then was this city that Bingham had revealed? Modern Theories Dr.

Cuy - Traditional Andean Entree: Description and Recipes By Bonnie Hamre Updated January 29, 2016. Travel in the highlands of Inca country, and you're likely to be offered cuy, a traditional Andean entree, on the menu. Cuy, alternately called Cobayo or conejillo de indias is a guinea pig or cavy. The taste is compared to rabbit, thought delicious, and though difficult to accept for people in other countries who regard guinea pigs as pets, the cuy is a staple of Andean cuisine. They are called "cuy" for the sound they make cuy, cuy. The cuy has a place in pre-Colombian Inca tradition. continue reading below our video Play Video In Arequipa, it is prepared baked as cuy chaktado and in Cuzco, it is baked whole, as a small suckiling pig, with a hot pepper in its mouth. Cuys are available in the markets, already skinned and cleaned, but many recipes begin with instructions to skin the cuy in hot water, then remove the internal organs and cleanse well in salted water. A typical recipe for baked or barbequed cuy with a hot sauce:

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