The Mayans reveal their darkest mysteries: New excavation reveals secrets of the Mayan calendar - including black-clad figures and symbols never seen before Wall covered in calculations relating to Mayan calendarLine-up of men in black uniformsAstrological calculations not fully understoodDates seem to stretch 7,000 years into FUTUREContradicts 'doomsday' predictions about 2012First paintings found on walls in Mayan dwellingsHuge city in Guatemala finally reveals its secrets By Rob Waugh Published: 18:04 GMT, 10 May 2012 | Updated: 10:46 GMT, 11 May 2012 A vast city built by the ancient Mayan civilisation and discovered nearly a century ago in modern day Guatemala is finally starting to yield its secrets - including a hint that apocalyptic predictions around the 'end' of the Mayan Calendar may be wrong. Excavating for the first time in the sprawling complex of Xultzn in Guatemala's Peten region, archaeologists have uncovered a structure that contains what appears to be a work space for the town's scribe. Scroll down for video: Angelyn Bass cleans and stabilizes the surface of a wall of a Maya house that dates to the 9th century A.D.
Top 10 Civilizations That Mysteriously Disappeared Throughout our history, most civilizations have either met a slow demise or were wiped out by natural disasters or invasion. But there are a few societies whose disappearance has scholars truly stumped: 10. The Olmec One of the first Mesoamerican societies, the Olmec inhabited the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico. Where did they go? Around 400 BC the eastern half of the Olmec’s lands was depopulated- possibly due to environmental changes. 9. The Nabateans were a Semitic culture that inhabited parts of Jordan, Canaan and Arabia from around the sixth century BC. During the fourth century AD, the Nabateans abandoned Petra and no one really knows why. 8. The Aksumite Empire began in the first century AD in what is now Ethiopia and is believed to be the home of the Queen of Sheba. According to local legend, a Jewish Queen named Yodit defeated the Aksumite Empire and burned its churches and literature. 7.The Mycenaeans 6. 5.The Cucuteni-Trypillian Culture 4. 3.The Minoans 2.The Anasazi 1.
Top 10 Unexplained Mysterious Disappearances in History It is a fact that literally thousands of people disappear or go missing every year in this country alone; some of these are likely well-covered up homicides, but most are voluntary—either teenage runaways or people who just want to start over again—with a few as yet undiscovered suicides thrown in for good measure. However, there are a few mysterious disappearances that remain inexplicable or have so captured the public imagination that they continue to intrigue us to this day. Here is my listing of the top ten most mysterious and unexplained disappearances over the years that continue to baffle investigators to this day. 10. Harold Holt, 1967 Prime Minister Mysteriously Disappears It’s not every day that an active head of state—in this case the Prime Minister of Australia—goes disappearing, but that’s precisely what happened one Sunday morning in December of 1967 when the Prime Minister went for a swim and was never seen again. 9. Mysterious Disappearance of Italian Explorer 8. 7. 6. 5.
Top 10 Most Important Historical Finds For as long as there have been civilizations on earth, man has been curious about his ancestors. Our need to connect to our past fuels the study of anthropology and the many important sites and artifacts uncovered through archaeology have opened our eyes to the lives of those that came before us. 10. Qin Shi Huang’s Terracotta Army A farmer in Xi’an named Yang was drilling for water when he found the Terracotta Army in 1947. Importance The Terracotta Army is our doorway to understanding how the real Qin Dynasty army functioned. 9. The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of ancient, mostly Hebrew manuscripts that were found at several sites on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea. The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls is widely considered the greatest manuscript find of all time. 8. A collection of around 25,000 clay tablet fragments, the Library of Ashurbanipal was discovered in the mid 19th century by Austen Henry Layard at the Mesopatamian city of Nineveh (in what is now Iraq). 7. 6. 4.
Top 10 Rare and Important Archeological Finds In archaeology, an artifact is an object recovered which may provide cultural interest and help in the understanding of human history. In the last 100 years, a large collection of important archeological discoveries have been made. Some of these artifacts have helped people understand the origins of life on Earth, while others have presented problems for scientists. An out-of-place artifact is an object of historical, archaeological, or paleontological interest found in a very unusual or seemingly impossible context. 10. On March 22, 2011, a man named David Elkington, who is a scholar of ancient religious archaeology, issued a press release stating that a hoard of ancient books had been discovered in Jordan. Rare Discovery Some of the words in the codices are written in a form of archaic Hebrew script with ancient messianic symbols. The Israeli man who currently owns the codices has denied smuggling them out of Jordan, and claims the books have been in his family for 100 years. 9. 8.
Top 10 Most Significant Historical Grimoire Note: TopTenz does not endorse the practice of witchcraft or sorcery, and is pretty glad it’s hard to get your hands on these books because we want y’alls souls to stay sparkly clean. “Let no one be found among you who makes his son or daughter pass through fire, no… an augur or soothsayer or diviner or sorcerer, | none who cast spells or traffics with ghosts and spirits, and no necromancer.” Deuteronomy 18:10-11 *end editor note The term “grimoire” originated from the Old French word “grammaire” which meant “grammar” and was used to refer to all books that were written in Latin. 10. The Kabbalistic tradition says that the Sepher Ha-Razim was given to Noah by the archangel Raziel and then passed down to King Solomon, one of the major figures of the Old Testament for his wealth, wisdom, and magical power. 9. The Picatrix is widely believed to be a book of early Arabic magic. 8. 7. 6. The Key of Solomon is one of the most famous, important, and influential grimoires of all time. 5. 4. 3.
Top 10 Lost Cities A city becomes “lost” when it is abandoned by its inhabitants and left to decay. This can be the result of war, migration, or natural disaster, but in each case these cities can act as a sort of time capsule, leaving a civilization frozen in history and waiting to be discovered. While many of these cities have indeed been rediscovered, others have never been found and have taken on the status of legend. Whether real or mythical, the following are the ten lost cities that have most captured the imaginations of historians, archeologists, and adventurers. 10. Also known as the Wandering City and the City of Patagonia, The City of the Caesars is a mythical city that is believed to have been located on the southernmost tip of South America in the region known as Patagonia. 9. Made famous in the epic poems of Homer, Troy was a once-legendary city located in modern day Turkey. 8. 7. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1.
Top 10 Theories about the Lost City of Atlantis Ever since the famed Greek philosopher Plato first wrote of a fabled continent called Atlantis more than two thousand years ago, scholars have been locked in fierce debate as to whether such a place truly existed. While a few rare individuals have taken Plato’s words seriously, most scoff at the idea that an advanced civilization could vanish as completely as if it had never existed. Such is a bit like imagining an elephant could walk through a snowdrift without leaving footprints, making it easy to ignore the entire subject and write it off as yet another example of New Age pseudo-science or, at best, an fantastic and historically indefensible fable. And this is not an unreasonable position either. After all, Plato described the place as being as large as Libya (an ancient term for North Africa) and Asia combined, making one reasonably confident it should be hard to miss. Did Atlantis exist, and if it did, where could it have been? 10. 9. 8. 7. 6. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1.
Top 10 Dead Persons Still Said To Be Alive After Death We’ve all heard of people faking their deaths and later being found to be alive. Some do it for attention, others as a publicity stunt, and others to just get out of the spotlight, but in the end realize they soon return to the spotlight. In any case, people who intentionally go “missing” are usually found guilty or some other crime. We’ve all probably heard of conspiracies and skeptics as well. 10. Alexander I was able to start off as a successful king, but due to family circumstances, he soon became very suspicious and paranoid of others. 9. Born into royalty, Princess Diana was most definitely a member of the royal family who was able to become a worldwide icon, bringing the issue of AIDS awareness and treatment to the forefront. 8. Known for being the front man of The Doors, Jim Morrison definitely became a popular artist in the 1960s. 7. D.B. 6. Amelia Earhart stands as one of the most notable women when it comes to pioneering early aviation. 5. 4. 3. 2. 1.
The Ajanta Caves – Ancient Temples Carved from Rock Two thousand two hundred years ago work began on an extensive series of cave monuments in Maharashtra, India. Over a period of hundreds of years, thirty one monuments were hewn piece by piece from the rock face. Then, some speculate around the year 1000AD, they fell in to disuse. Dense jungle grew around, hiding the caves away from human eyes. They Ajanta caves lay undisturbed for hundreds of years. One can only imagine what went through Smith's head when he made his find. The nearest human habitation is Ajinṭhā, a tiny village a few miles away from the caves. The first caves were hewn from the bare rock at the time of The Sātavāhana Empire which started around 230BC. Although there is widespread debate about the time at which the second period of building took place most now agree that it was probably during the reign of Harishena, from 460AD and over a period of around twenty years. There are paintings everywhere – literally. They were created using an ancient method.
How Old is the Sphinx? | Historic Mysteries The head of the Sphinx emerging from the sand The Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the most recognizable man-made objects in the world. Despite this, it is also one of the most mysterious man-made objects in the world. Even if you accept the general consensus of who built the Sphinx, when and why, you are still left with many questions that have not been, or cannot be, answered. However, not everyone accepts the general consensus and therefore, the Sphinx is even more of enigma to them. If you deny the general consensus of the age of the Sphinx, you are left with the question of who built it. According to translations of the “Dream Stela” at the foot of the Sphinx, King Thutmose IV came across the head of the Sphinx when he was still a prince. According to Egypt’s premiere archaeologist, Dr. One of the prevailing arguments for the Great Sphinx being older than the Old Kingdom is that some of the erosion on the Sphinx appears to have been caused by water. Dr.
Top 10 Most Famous Celebrity Deaths While most human beings enter and leave this planet with little notice, there are those among us whose passing—especially if untimely—captures headlines. Celebrity deaths are not only top news but can, in some cases, create entire cottage industries dedicated to keeping alive the memory of those we deem worthy of our affections. I’ve included individuals whose deaths were unusual, untimely, or had a profound impact on their profession or society to this day. So now, without further ado, here is my list of the top 10 Hollywood deaths over the last half-century: 10. Long-time Hollywood actor Vic Morrow went out with a bang—literally—when pyrotechnics set off during the filming of a scene for Twilight Zone: The Movie brought down one of the circling helicopters, decapitating the 53-year old actor and killing the two child actors he was holding in his arms at the time. 9. 8. 7. 6. 5. 4. James Dean died in a high speed car crash in California in the fall of 1955. 3. 2. 1.