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Collaborative intelligence

Collaborative intelligence
Collaborative intelligence characterizes multi-agent, distributed systems where each agent, human or machine, is uniquely positioned, with autonomy to contribute to a problem-solving network. Collaborative autonomy of organisms in their ecosystems makes evolution possible. Natural ecosystems, where each organism's unique signature is derived from its genetics, circumstances, behavior and position in its ecosystem, offer principles for design of next generation social networks to support collaborative intelligence, crowd-sourcing individual expertise, preferences, and unique contributions in a problem-solving process.[1] Overview[edit] Collaborative intelligence is a term used in several disciplines. History[edit] In the late 1980s, Eshel Ben-Jacob began to study bacterial self-organization, believing that bacteria hold the key to understanding larger biological systems. Contrast with collective intelligence[edit] Application[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] Related:  Intelligence Forms

Intelligence distribuée Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Un vol d'étourneaux maintient sa cohérence avec un ensemble de règles simples au niveau individuel. L'intelligence distribuée désigne l'apparition de phénomènes cohérents à l'échelle d'une population dont les individus agissent selon des règles simples. L'interaction ou la synergie entre actions individuelles simples peut de façons variées permettre l'émergence de formes, organisations, ou comportements collectifs, complexes ou cohérents, tandis que les individus eux se comportent à leur échelle indépendamment de toute règle globale. C'est l'indépendance entre d'une part les actions et règles qui régissent les individus et de l'autre la forme ou la dynamique collective, qui est au cœur du concept d'intelligence distribuée : comment cette cohérence globale apparaît-elle alors qu'elle n'est ni inscrite au niveau de l'individu, ni le résultat de "décisions communes", ni encore "commandée" par une "intelligence" centrale ? — [réf. nécessaire]

Open source political campaign - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi Open-source political campaigns, open-source politics, or Politics 2.0, is the idea that social networking and e-participation technologies will revolutionize our ability to follow, support, and influence political campaigns. Netroots evangelists and web consultants predict a wave of popular democracy as fundraisers meet on MySpace, YouTubers crank out attack ads, bloggers do opposition research, and cell-phone-activated flash mobs hold miniconventions in Second Life. Typically these terms describe short-term limited-life efforts to achieve a specific goal. Longer term projects involving embedded institutions (of journalism, parties, government itself) are more often called "open-source governance" projects. All open politics share some very basic assumptions however including the belief that online deliberation can improve decisions. Origins of the term[edit] In print, open-source politics was first used by political operatives in the lead-up to the 2004 United States elections.

Lab: Bringing collaborative intelligence (C-IQ) and the catalyZer method to complex, cross-disciplinary design and innovation challenges. Zann Gill, Dennis Britton, Kevin Montgomery, Linda G. Francis, Sheldon Breiner, Richard Johnson, Chris McKay DESYN Lab develops Interactive Frameworks for Decision Support (IFDS). DESYN Lab integrates outcomes of knowledge-sharing in the content space of each challenge, semantic meta-tagging and threading of user ideas and debates about each challenge, decision support systems to support challenge teams, and collaborative intelligence prompters, recommender systems and other devices for navigating the knowledge space. The passive wiki mode comprises a knowledge management framework to navigate information and grow resources and archives. The active IFDS mode offers process support for design and collaborative problem-solving. The passive/ active modes are tightly coupled, since each user's path through the knowledge archives (passive) leaves a "pheromone trail" that feeds into the design of the recommender system for future users of the site. Image: Tensegrity - Planes Intersecting, Zann Gill Stage One. Stage Two. Stage Three. Stage Four. Stage Five. Social Networks and Knowledge Clusters

Valentin Turchin Valentin Fyodorovich Turchin (Russian: Валенти́н Фёдорович Турчи́н, 1931 – 7 April 2010) was a Soviet and American cybernetician and computer scientist. He developed the Refal programming language, the theory of metasystem transitions and the notion of supercompilation. As such he can be seen as a pioneer in Artificial Intelligence and one of the visionaries at the basis of the Global brain idea. Biography[edit] Turchin was born in 1931 in Podolsk, Soviet Union. In the 1960s, Turchin became politically active. He came to New York where he joined the faculty of the City University of New York in 1979. His son, Peter Turchin, is a world renowned specialist in population dynamics and mathematical modeling of historical dynamics. Work[edit] The philosophical core of Turchin's scientific work is the concept of the metasystem transition, which denotes the evolutionary process through which higher levels of control emerge in system structure and function. Major publications[edit] Valentin F.

Open access (publishing) Open access logo, originally designed by Public Library of Science. Whilst no official open access logo exists, organisations are free to select the logo style that best supports their visual language. Other logos are also in use. 9-minute video explaining open access Open access (OA) refers to online research outputs that are free of all restrictions on access (e.g. access tolls) and free of many restrictions on use (e.g. certain copyright and license restrictions).[1] Open access can be applied to all forms of published research output, including peer-reviewed and non peer-reviewed academic journal articles, conference papers, theses,[2] book chapters,[1] and monographs.[3] Definitions[edit] On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Budapest Open Access Initiative in 2012, Peter Suber is interviewed about his views on past, present and future developments in open access to scholarly publications The Budapest statement defined open access as follows: Gratis and libre OA[edit]

Welcome to the Group Pattern Language Project | group works Intelligence ambiante Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. L'évolution des ordinateurs : la course à la miniaturisation et à la diffusion dans le milieu ambiant L'intelligence ambiante est ce que pourrait devenir l'informatique dans la première moitié du XXIe siècle en repoussant les limites technologiques qu'elle avait à la fin du XXe siècle [réf. nécessaire]. Ce concept semble pouvoir tenir lieu de traduction non littérale aux concepts nés en Amérique du Nord sous le vocable initial d'informatique ubiquitaire, systèmes pervasifs ou encore ordinateur évanescent [réf. nécessaire]. Dans cette approche, le concept même de système d’information ou d'ordinateur change : d’une activité de traitement exclusivement centrée sur l’utilisateur, l'informatique devient interface entre objets communicants et personnes, et entre personnes [réf. nécessaire]. Facteurs en jeu[modifier | modifier le code] Vers une informatique diffuse[modifier | modifier le code] Perspectives économiques[modifier | modifier le code]

Open-source software Open-source software (OSS) is computer software with its source code made available and licensed with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.[1] Open-source software is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open-source software is the most prominent example of open-source development and often compared to (technically defined) user-generated content or (legally defined) open-content movements.[2] A report by the Standish Group (from 2008) states that adoption of open-source software models has resulted in savings of about $60 billion per year to consumers.[3][4] Definitions[edit] The Open Source Initiative's (OSI) definition is recognized[who?] as the standard or de facto definition. OSI uses The Open Source Definition to determine whether it considers a software license open source. Proliferation of the term[edit] Open software licensing[edit] Certifications[edit] Early releases