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Protecting the Ocean

Protecting the Ocean
World’s Largest Single Marine Reserve Created in Pacific The area around the Pitcairn Islands is one of the most pristine places on Earth. Swimming With Wildlife in the Seychelles Meet some of the wildlife enountered on the latest Pristine Seas expedition to the Seychelles. Value passed to resize filter must be a valid URL. Gabon Unveils Huge Marine Reserve The protected area will cover 18,000 square miles of ocean—home to great hammerhead sharks, manta rays, whale sharks, and tiger sharks. The Antarctic's New Way to Melt Ice shelves lose more mass through melting where the ice meets the sea than by shedding icebergs, a new study says. Related:  ocean issuesOceans

Startling Images of the Tons of Trash in the World's Oceans <br/><a href=" ABC US news</a> | <a href=" World News</a> Copy Nearly 270,000 tons of plastic are floating in the world's oceans, according to a new study. That's divided into at least 5.25 trillion plastic pieces, researchers wrote. Or, enough to fill more than 38,500 garbage trucks, the Associated Press reported. "Plastics of all sizes were found in all ocean regions," said the report, published on Wednesday in the scientific journal PLOS ONE. AFP/Getty Images PHOTO: Plastic bags and other rubbish are collected from the waters and shoreline of Manila Bay during a campaign by environmental activists and volunteers calling for a ban of the use of plastic bags, July 3, 2014 UIG via Getty Images PHOTO: Juvenile Herring Gull with plastic rubbish in its beak, Newquay, Cornwall, England. The study used a mix of methods to come to its conclusions.

Endangered and Threatened Marine Species Marine Mammals (27 listed "species") Manatees and sea otters are also listed under the ESA, but fall under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (E = "endangered"; T = "threatened"; F = "foreign"; n/a = not applicable) Sea Turtles (16 listed "species") ^ These populations were listed before the 1978 ESA amendments that restricted population listings to "distinct population segments of vertebrate species." Fish (Marine & Anadromous) (57 listed "species") (E = "endangered"; T = "threatened"; F = "foreign"; XN = "nonessential experimental population"; n/a = not applicable) ** All Pacific salmonid listings were revisited in 2005 and 2006. Marine Invertebrates (24 listed "species") Marine Plants (1 listed "species") * NOTE: Critical habitat cannot be designated in foreign waters; critical habitat is also not required for species listed prior to the 1978 ESA amendments that added critical habitat provisions.

Ocean Acidification: The Basics Animation created by Sarah Cooley, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, showing a computer recreation of surface ocean pH from 1895 to the present and a forecast of ocean pH between now and 2100 under current emission rates. The pH scale is shown on the right. Carbon dioxide is naturally present in tiny amounts in the atmosphere; however, since humans started burning fossil fuels at the beginning of the industrial age, carbon dioxide levels have increased dramatically. Carbon dioxide is a gas that plants combine with energy from the sun to create food. Scientists use the pH scale to measure the concentration of hydrogen (H) ions in a solution on a scale of 0 to 14. Ocean acidification takes place when excess CO2 from the atmosphere dissolves in the ocean and combines with seawater to form carbonic acid. One of the major concerns of ocean acidification is the drastic rate at which it is happening. Pre-discussion Questions What do you know about the ocean? Post-discussion Questions

Why we protect our oceans Why protect our oceans? People need air to breathe, water to drink, food to eat, new medicines, a climate we can live in, beauty, inspiration and recreation. We need to know we belong to something bigger than ourselves. We want a better future for those we care about. Because the oceans are the largest ecosystems on Earth, they are the Earth’s largest life support systems. To survive and prosper, we all need healthy oceans. The diversity and productivity of the world’s oceans is a vital interest for humankind. So when Marine Conservation Institute works to save the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands or the Arctic Ocean, when we work to get agencies to devote more energy to research, monitoring or enforcement of laws, we are working to save the oceans for all of us and future generations. Whether you live on the coast or far from it, whether you eat seafood or not, you and the future of all those you love depends on healthy oceans. Our job is to see that you have healthy oceans.

Five Reasons We are All Connected to Oceans Peanut butter, every other breath you take, cancer medicine and one in six jobs in the United States. What’s the connection? It’s not Kevin Bacon. But if you guessed our oceans: you’re right! You don’t need to live near the beach to be connected to the ocean. The air we breathe. The food on your plate. The items in your medicine cabinet. Jobs and the economy. A shared resource. Find out how your life is connected to oceans in the graphic above. 15 ways to save our ocean! 1. Be green/blue Elevated water temperatures, mainly due to global warming, are disrupting the ocean’s balance and consequently its health. Reducing our carbon footprint, eating organic foods, conserving water, and consuming non-toxic products can help lessen these destructive effects. REMEMBER: REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE! 2. By washing your own car you are not only using about 60% more water but you are also allowing untreated chemical runoffs to flow into the streets and ultimately our oceans. 3. Food remnants, excessive grease and other such clogging agents can build up in city sewer lines, causing sewage overflow which ultimately ends up in the ocean. 4. Avoid using toxic household cleaning products which are harmful to our well being and that of our ocean’s. 5. Get involved and do your part in keep the coastline and the ocean clean. 6. Avoid the use of plastic bags and any unnecessary plastic packaging. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. A common ingredient in antibacterial soaps is triclosan.

polaraction.pdf One Year Later: Reflecting on Slaughter of Bottlenose Superpod and Capture of Albino Calf, Shoujo January 16, 2015 Images Taken by Sea Shepherd’s Cove Guardians, Documenting the Brutal Capture of “Shoujo” and Horrific Slaughter of Her Family, Sparked an International Media Firestorm Baby albino dolphin, Shoujo, clings to her mother in the cove Photo: Sea ShepherdAs the one-year anniversary of the unprecedented capture of more than 250 bottlenose dolphins and a rare albino calf in Taiji approaches, Sea Shepherd Conservation Society is reflecting upon this horrific event that drew worldwide media, public and political scrutiny to the annual capture and slaughter of dolphins and small whales in the cove. On Jan. 17, 2014, the Taiji dolphin hunters’ greed got the best of them, resulting in global outrage, when they combined and drove five separate bottlenose pods into the cove, forming the largest pod witnessed by the Cove Guardians in Taiji since the launch of Sea Shepherd’s Operation Infinite Patience campaign in 2010.

Whaling Information and Whale Hunting Facts Whaling is cruel and the demand for whale meat is falling. But, despite bans on commercial whaling and the trade in whale products accepted by most countries, whaling is still carried out by Japan, Norway and Iceland, who kill 2000 whales between them each year and also continue to trade in whale products – it has to STOP. Once it became apparent that the numbers of whales being killed were putting whale populations under threat, a ban on commercial whaling (hunting for commercial profit) was introduced in 1986 by the body that regulates whaling – the International Whaling Commission. However, over 30,000 whales have been killed since the ban came into effect because of loopholes that have allowed some countries to carry on whaling. The International Whaling Commission currently allows Norway to hunt under an ‘objection’ to the ban, and Japan uses a loophole which allows countries to hunt whales for ‘research purposes’. Frequently asked questions about whaling