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The Netherlands ( i/ˈnɛðərləndz/; Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərˌlɑnt] ( )) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, consisting of twelve provinces in western Europe and three islands in the Caribbean. History[edit] Habsburg Netherlands (1519–1581)[edit] Under Charles V, ruler of the Holy Roman Empire and King of Spain, the current Netherlands region was part of the Seventeen Provinces of the Low Countries, which also included most of present-day Belgium, Luxembourg, and some land in France and Germany. In 1568, the Eighty Years' War between the Provinces and Spain began. Queen Elizabeth I of England sympathised with the Dutch struggle against the Spanish, and in 1585 she concluded a treaty with the Dutch whereby she promised to send an English army to the Netherlands to aid the Dutch in their war with the Spanish.[22] In December 1585, 7,600 soldiers were sent to the Netherlands from England under the command of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. Related:  Geo LocoDifferent cultures

Monaco Monaco i/ˈmɒnəkoʊ/, officially the Principality of Monaco (French: Principauté de Monaco (French pronunciation: ​[prɛ̃sipoted(ə) mɔnaˈko]); Monégasque: Principatu de Múnegu; Italian: Principato di Monaco; Occitan: Principat de Mónegue), is a sovereign city-state, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. It is bordered by France on three sides; one side borders the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco has an area of 2.02 km2 (0.78 sq mi) and a population of 36,371; Monaco is the second smallest and the most densely populated country in the world. Monaco has a land border of 4.4 km (2.7 mi), a coastline of 4.1 km (2.5 mi), and a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m (5,577 and 1,145 ft). The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires Ward, which is 161 metres (528 feet) above sea level. Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state.

San Serriffe (1977) On April 1, 1977 the British newspaper The Guardian published a seven-page "special report" about San Serriffe, a small republic located in the Indian Ocean consisting of several semi-colon-shaped islands. A series of articles described the geography and culture of this obscure nation. The report generated a huge response. The Guardian's phones rang all day as readers sought more information about the idyllic holiday spot. The success of this hoax is widely credited with inspiring the British media's enthusiasm for April Foolery in subsequent years. The seven-page San Serriffe supplement The Creation of San Serriffe Philip Davies, who was in charge of the Guardian's Special Reports department, came up with the idea of an April Fool's Day feature about a fictitious island state. Davies conceived of a special report about a fictitious island as a parody of the genre. Davies approached the other editors at The Guardian, and they enthusiastically embraced the concept. The Special Report

Iceland Iceland[6] ( According to Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 CE when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island.[8] In the following centuries, Scandinavians settled Iceland, bringing with them thralls of Gaelic origin. From 1262 to 1918, Iceland was ruled by Norway and later Denmark. The country became independent in 1918 and a republic in 1944. Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on fishing and agriculture. Affected by the ongoing worldwide financial crisis, the nation's entire banking system systemically failed in October 2008, leading to a severe depression, substantial political unrest, the Icesave dispute, and the institution of capital controls. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation's Scandinavian heritage. History[edit] Settlement and Commonwealth 874–1262[edit] Ingólfr Arnarson (modern Icelandic: Ingólfur Arnarson), the first permanent Scandinavian settler in Iceland The Middle Ages[edit]

Malta Coordinates: Malta i/ˈmɒltə/ (Maltese: Repubblika ta' Malta, pronounced [rɛˈpʊbb.lɪ.kɐ ˈtɐ ˈmɐl.tɐ]) is a southern European country in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Sicily, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. Malta's location as a naval base has given it great strategic importance throughout history, and a succession of powers including the Phoenicians, Romans, Moorish, Normans, Aragonese, Habsburg Spain, Knights of St. Malta has a long Christian legacy and is an Apostolic see. Malta is a favoured tourist destination with its warm climate, numerous recreational areas, and architectural and historical monuments, including nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Hal Saflieni Hypogeum,[17] Valletta[18] and seven Megalithic Temples which are some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world.[19][20][21] Etymology[edit] History[edit] Prehistory[edit] Pottery from the Għar Dalam phase is similar to pottery found in Agrigento, Sicily.

Luxembourg Luxembourg ( History[edit] Historic map (undated) of Luxembourg city's fortificationsPhotograph of the fortress of Luxembourg prior to demolition in 1867 In the following centuries, Luxembourg's fortress was steadily enlarged and strengthened by its successive occupants, the Bourbons, Habsburgs, Hohenzollerns and the French. Nineteenth century[edit] Luxembourg City: The Passerelle, also known as the viaduct or old bridge, over the Pétrusse river valley, opened 1861 After the Luxembourg Crisis of 1866 nearly led to war between Prussia and France, the Grand Duchy's independence and neutrality were again affirmed by the 1867 Second Treaty of London, Prussia's troops were withdrawn from the Fortress of Luxembourg and its Bock and surrounding fortifications were dismantled.[23] The King of the Netherlands remained Head of State as Grand Duke of Luxembourg, maintaining personal union between the two countries until 1890. Twentieth century[edit] Politics[edit] Administrative divisions[edit]

20 Places To Go Camping Before You Die France France (UK: /ˈfrɑːns/; US: i/ˈfræns/; French: [fʁɑ̃s] ( )), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a sovereign country in Western Europe that includes overseas regions and territories.[note 13] Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of only three countries (with Morocco and Spain) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Due to its shape, it is often referred to in French as l’Hexagone ("The Hexagon"). France is the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the third-largest in Europe as a whole. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages. Etymology History Prehistory One of the Lascaux paintings of which depicts a horse (Dordogne, approximately 18,000 BC). Gaul Kingdom of Francia (3rd century–843) The last Merovingian kings lost power to their mayors of the palace (head of household).

Slovakia The Slovak Republic (or, in short form, Slovakia i/sloʊˈvɑːkiə/ or /sləˈvækiə/; Slovak: Slovensko (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈslovɛnsko] ( )), long form Slovenská republika (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈslovɛnskaː ˈrɛpublɪka] ( ))) is a landlocked state in Central Europe.[6][7] It has a population of over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi). Slovakia is bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is the capital, Bratislava, and the second largest is Košice. Slovakia is a high-income advanced economy[9][10] with one of the fastest growth rates in the European Union and the OECD.[11] The country joined the European Union in 2004 and the Eurozone on 1 January 2009.[12] Slovakia, together with Estonia, Latvia, and Slovenia are the only former Communist states to be part of the European Union, Eurozone, Schengen Area, and NATO simultaneously. History[edit] Iron age[edit]

Western Europe Video taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the ISS on a pass over Western Europe European sub-regions according to EuroVoc (the thesaurus of the European Union). Western Europe is marked green on this map. Western Europe is the region comprising the westerly countries of Europe. The United Nations (UN) Statistics Division considers Western Europe to consist of just nine countries, although the United Nations Regional Groups include European countries from the UN-designated Northern and Southern Europe in its Western European and Others Group. Historical divisions[edit] Classical antiquity and medieval origins[edit] As Roman domain expanded, a cultural and linguistic division appeared between the mainly Greek-speaking eastern provinces which had formed the highly urbanized Hellenistic civilization and the western territories, which, in contrast, largely adopted the Latin language. Cold War[edit] Political situation in Europe during the Cold War Western European Union[edit] See also[edit]

Should You Sell Your Car At Carmax? - The Truth About Cars 100,000 miles? 200,000 miles? 300,000 miles? Everyone has a certain point with their daily driver when they would rather see money back in their pocket, instead of seeing more money fall out of their pocket. Time marches on. Well, the answer depends a lot on what type of vehicle you’re trying to sell… which is why I’m introducing Carmax’s wholesale operations into this write-up. A lot of us are already familiar with Carmax’s retail operation. No-haggle pricing. Like em’ or hate em’, Carmax is now the official used car Goliath of the auto industry. This article from Automotive News does a great job of highlighting the retail side of their success. That first billion is the one everyone here is already familiar with. This is how it works. You are tired of your car. Enter Carmax. It’s arbitrage, with a churn that now numbers close to 7,000 vehicles. Every… single.. week… Carmax inspects your vehicle. They have weekly auctions for all of these vehicles. What types? 2) The Craigslist nightmare car.

Slovenia Slovenia ( i/sloʊˈviːniə/ sloh-VEE-nee-ə; Slovene: Slovenija, [slɔˈveːnija]), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Republika Slovenija, [ɾɛˈpuːblika slɔˈveːnija] ( )), is a nation state in southern Central Europe[12][Note 2] at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.[17][18] It borders Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Croatia to the south and southeast, and Hungary to the northeast.[19] It covers 20,273 square kilometers (7,827 sq mi) and has a population of 2.05 million.[20] It is a parliamentary republic[21] and a member of the European Union and NATO.[22] Its capital and largest city is Ljubljana.[23] The Slavic, Germanic, Romance, and Hungarian languages meet here.[34][35][36] Although the region is not homogenous, the predominant population is Slovene.[37] Slovene is the only official language throughout the country, whereas Italian and Hungarian are regional minority languages. History[edit] Prehistory to Slavic settlement[edit] Prehistory[edit]

Germany Germany ( i/ˈdʒɜrməni/; German: Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, pronounced [ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant]),[7] is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe. It consists of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty, and covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) with a largely temperate seasonal climate. §Etymology The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine.[10] The German term Deutschland (originally diutisciu land, "the German lands") is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" (i.e. belonging to the diot or diota "people"), originally used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. §History §Prehistory §Germanic tribes and Frankish Empire Second- to fifth-century migrations in Europe §Holy Roman Empire

Switzerland Switzerland (German: Schweiz[note 3] [ˈʃvaɪts]; French: Suisse [sɥis]; Italian: Svizzera [ˈzvittsera]; Romansh: Svizra [ˈʒviːtsrɐ] or [ˈʒviːtsʁːɐ]), officially the Swiss Confederation (Latin: Confoederatio Helvetica, hence its abbreviation CH), is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities, the so-called Bundesstadt aka "federal city".[1] The country is situated in Western and Central Europe,[note 4] where it is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8 million people is concentrated mostly on the Plateau, where the largest cities are to be found. Etymology[edit] History[edit] Early history[edit]

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