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The Netherlands ( i/ˈnɛðərləndz/; Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərˌlɑnt] ( )) is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, consisting of twelve provinces in western Europe and three islands in the Caribbean. History[edit] Habsburg Netherlands (1519–1581)[edit] Under Charles V, ruler of the Holy Roman Empire and King of Spain, the current Netherlands region was part of the Seventeen Provinces of the Low Countries, which also included most of present-day Belgium, Luxembourg, and some land in France and Germany. In 1568, the Eighty Years' War between the Provinces and Spain began. Queen Elizabeth I of England sympathised with the Dutch struggle against the Spanish, and in 1585 she concluded a treaty with the Dutch whereby she promised to send an English army to the Netherlands to aid the Dutch in their war with the Spanish.[22] In December 1585, 7,600 soldiers were sent to the Netherlands from England under the command of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. Related:  Geo LocoDifferent cultures

San Serriffe (1977) On April 1, 1977 the British newspaper The Guardian published a seven-page "special report" about San Serriffe, a small republic located in the Indian Ocean consisting of several semi-colon-shaped islands. A series of articles described the geography and culture of this obscure nation. The report generated a huge response. The Guardian's phones rang all day as readers sought more information about the idyllic holiday spot. The success of this hoax is widely credited with inspiring the British media's enthusiasm for April Foolery in subsequent years. The seven-page San Serriffe supplement The Creation of San Serriffe Philip Davies, who was in charge of the Guardian's Special Reports department, came up with the idea of an April Fool's Day feature about a fictitious island state. Davies conceived of a special report about a fictitious island as a parody of the genre. Davies approached the other editors at The Guardian, and they enthusiastically embraced the concept. The Special Report

Iceland Iceland[6] ( According to Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 CE when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island.[8] In the following centuries, Scandinavians settled Iceland, bringing with them thralls of Gaelic origin. From 1262 to 1918, Iceland was ruled by Norway and later Denmark. The country became independent in 1918 and a republic in 1944. Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on fishing and agriculture. Affected by the ongoing worldwide financial crisis, the nation's entire banking system systemically failed in October 2008, leading to a severe depression, substantial political unrest, the Icesave dispute, and the institution of capital controls. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation's Scandinavian heritage. History[edit] Settlement and Commonwealth 874–1262[edit] Ingólfr Arnarson (modern Icelandic: Ingólfur Arnarson), the first permanent Scandinavian settler in Iceland The Middle Ages[edit]

New York New York is a state in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. New York is the 27th-most extensive, the third-most populous, and the seventh-most densely populated of the 50 United States. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and by Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Vermont to the east. The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Ontario to the west and north, and Quebec to the north. The state of New York is often referred to as New York State, so as to distinguish it from New York City. New York City, with a Census-estimated population of over 8.4 million in 2013,[8] is the most populous city in the United States.[9][10] Alone, it makes up over 40 percent of the population of New York State. About one third of all the battles of the Revolutionary War took place in New York. History 17th century American Revolution New York in 1777 19th century

20 Places To Go Camping Before You Die France France (UK: /ˈfrɑːns/; US: i/ˈfræns/; French: [fʁɑ̃s] ( )), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a sovereign country in Western Europe that includes overseas regions and territories.[note 13] Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of only three countries (with Morocco and Spain) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. Due to its shape, it is often referred to in French as l’Hexagone ("The Hexagon"). France is the largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the third-largest in Europe as a whole. France has been a major power in Europe since the Late Middle Ages. Etymology History Prehistory One of the Lascaux paintings of which depicts a horse (Dordogne, approximately 18,000 BC). Gaul Kingdom of Francia (3rd century–843) The last Merovingian kings lost power to their mayors of the palace (head of household).

Saudia Saudi Arabian Airlines (الخطوط الجوية العربية السعودية) operating as Saudia (Arabic: السعودية‎ as-Saʿūdiyyah ) is the flag carrier airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah.[2] The airline reverted to its abbreviated English brand name Saudia (used from 1972 to 1996) from Saudi Arabian Airlines (historic name in use until 1971 and reintroduced in 1997) on 29 May 2012; the name was changed to celebrate the company's entry into the SkyTeam airline alliance on that day, and it was a part of a larger rebranding initiative.[3] It operates domestic and international scheduled flights to over 90 destinations in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. Domestic and international charter flights are operated, mostly during Ramadan and the Hajj season. The airline's main operational base is at Jeddah-King Abdulaziz International Airport (JED). Other major hubs are Riyadh-King Khalid International Airport (RUH), and Dammam-King Fahd International Airport (DMM). History[edit]

Should You Sell Your Car At Carmax? - The Truth About Cars 100,000 miles? 200,000 miles? 300,000 miles? Everyone has a certain point with their daily driver when they would rather see money back in their pocket, instead of seeing more money fall out of their pocket. Time marches on. Well, the answer depends a lot on what type of vehicle you’re trying to sell… which is why I’m introducing Carmax’s wholesale operations into this write-up. A lot of us are already familiar with Carmax’s retail operation. No-haggle pricing. Like em’ or hate em’, Carmax is now the official used car Goliath of the auto industry. This article from Automotive News does a great job of highlighting the retail side of their success. That first billion is the one everyone here is already familiar with. This is how it works. You are tired of your car. Enter Carmax. It’s arbitrage, with a churn that now numbers close to 7,000 vehicles. Every… single.. week… Carmax inspects your vehicle. They have weekly auctions for all of these vehicles. What types? 2) The Craigslist nightmare car.

Slovenia Slovenia ( i/sloʊˈviːniə/ sloh-VEE-nee-ə; Slovene: Slovenija, [slɔˈveːnija]), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Republika Slovenija, [ɾɛˈpuːblika slɔˈveːnija] ( )), is a nation state in southern Central Europe[12][Note 2] at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.[17][18] It borders Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Croatia to the south and southeast, and Hungary to the northeast.[19] It covers 20,273 square kilometers (7,827 sq mi) and has a population of 2.05 million.[20] It is a parliamentary republic[21] and a member of the European Union and NATO.[22] Its capital and largest city is Ljubljana.[23] The Slavic, Germanic, Romance, and Hungarian languages meet here.[34][35][36] Although the region is not homogenous, the predominant population is Slovene.[37] Slovene is the only official language throughout the country, whereas Italian and Hungarian are regional minority languages. History[edit] Prehistory to Slavic settlement[edit] Prehistory[edit]

Uganda Uganda (/juːˈɡændə/ yew-GAN-də or /juːˈɡɑːndə/ yew-GAHN-də), officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by South Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. Uganda is the second most populous landlocked country. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania, situating the country in the African Great Lakes region. Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala. Beginning in the late 1800s, the area was ruled as a colony by the British, who established administrative law across the territory. The official language is English. History[edit] The Ugandans were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago. Independence (1962)[edit] Geography[edit] Regional map of Uganda.

World of Waterfalls: Explore the best of YOUR World one waterfall at a time! Albania Albania ( ( i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, or sometimes i/ɔːlˈbeɪniə/ awl-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. Albania is a member of the UN, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organization, and is one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. Albania is a parliamentary democracy. Etymology[edit] Albania is the Medieval Latin name of the country which is called Shqipëri by its people. History[edit] Ottoman Period[edit] Era of Nationalism and League of Prizren[edit] Independence[edit]

Taiwan Coordinates: Taiwan ( i/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ TY-WAHN Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān; see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC; Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% of its territory,[f] as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Constitutionally, the ROC government has claimed sovereignty over all of "China", in a definition that includes mainland China and Outer Mongolia,[14] but has not made retaking mainland China a political goal since 1992.[15] However, the government's stance on defining its political position largely depends on which political coalition is in charge. Names The official name of the state is the "Republic of China"; it has also been known under various names throughout its existence. History Prehistoric Taiwan Opening in the 17th century Qing rule Hunting deer, painted in 1746 Japanese rule

The Best Global Development Quotes of 2012 Luxembourg Luxembourg ( History[edit] Historic map (undated) of Luxembourg city's fortificationsPhotograph of the fortress of Luxembourg prior to demolition in 1867 In the following centuries, Luxembourg's fortress was steadily enlarged and strengthened by its successive occupants, the Bourbons, Habsburgs, Hohenzollerns and the French. Nineteenth century[edit] Luxembourg City: The Passerelle, also known as the viaduct or old bridge, over the Pétrusse river valley, opened 1861 After the Luxembourg Crisis of 1866 nearly led to war between Prussia and France, the Grand Duchy's independence and neutrality were again affirmed by the 1867 Second Treaty of London, Prussia's troops were withdrawn from the Fortress of Luxembourg and its Bock and surrounding fortifications were dismantled.[23] The King of the Netherlands remained Head of State as Grand Duke of Luxembourg, maintaining personal union between the two countries until 1890. Twentieth century[edit] Politics[edit] Administrative divisions[edit]