The Chicago boys and the Chilean earthquake - Chile Earthquake The ghost of Milton Friedman, writes Bret Stephens in the Wall Street Journal, “was surely hovering protectively over Chile in the early morning hours of Saturday.” Thanks largely to him, the country has endured a tragedy that elsewhere would have been an apocalypse. Stephens’ logic is simple. After the U.S.-backed coup in 1973, in which Gen. Pinochet seized power from the democratically elected president Salvador Allende, a group of Chilean economists mentored by Friedman, and known to history as “the Chicago boys,” instituted a series of radical free market reforms. Some might find it intellectually provocative to cite Milton Friedman’s authority in an argument that depends on the foundation of successfully enforced government-mandated building code regulations. But the earthquake is just a side show for the opinion page of the Wall Street Journal — just another opportunity, however shameless, to push free market fundamentalism.
Democracy after Pinochet: politics, parties and elections in Chile - Alan Angell This book explores how democracy has developed in Chile since the end of the military dictatorship in 1990. It brings together an examination of international influences on the country's political development with empirically based analyses of Chilean political institutions and change. Chapters one and two examine international aspects of the 1973 coup and how these influenced the development of politics inside Chile. Santiago de Chile West of Andes Mountains Chile - January 9th, 2011 This orthorectified image shows the eastern part of Santiago, the capital city of Chile. The city lies in the center of the Santiago Basin, a large bowl-shaped valley consisting of a broad and fertile lands surrounded by mountains. The city has a varying elevation, with 400 m (1,312 ft) in the western areas and 540 m (1,772 ft) in the Plaza Baquedano. It is flanked by the main chain of the Andes on the east and the Chilean Coastal Range on the west.
Ash and Steam Released from Puyehue-Cordón Caulle Volcano Chile and Argentina - March 7th, 2012 Chile’s Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcano could be seen releasing ash and steam at the end of the first week of March, 2012. The Chilean National Service of Geology and Mining reported that the plume was 1.2 kilometers (3,900 feet) high, and extended 30 kilometers (19 miles) from the active vent. Other effects of the eruption can also be observed. Immediately to the east of the volcanic complex is a dark brown area, thick with fallen ash fall that has killed much of the vegetation. Further east are several bright turquoise lakes whose milky color is caused by fine ash suspended in the water.
Why is Piñera's government so unpopular in Chile? | Cristian Cabalin A year ago, 33 Chilean miners were trapped in a mine in the north of the country. Sixty-nine days later, they were rescued and the president of Chile, Sebastian Piñera, was rewarded with a record approval rating. Those days now seem like a distant memory. Piñera's stock has fallen, so much so that he has become the most unpopular president since 1990, when democracy was restored in Chile. According to the CEP (Centro de Estudios Públicos), only 26% of citizens approve of Piñera's government, while 53% reject his administration. Piñera: A steady decline in popularity Rightwing Piñera took office in 2010, promising a new way of governing, but he has not been able to fulfil this commitment. This episode is a good example of the conflict of interest issues that Piñera has faced since his first day in office. Missed opportunities What the people want: same opportunities for all Recent demonstrations and protests have overshadowed his administration.
Chile: State Security Law, Violence Deterrent or Repression? On October 18, 2011, Chilean Interior Minister Rodrigo Hinzpeter invoked [es] the State Security Law to punish the persons responsible for the burning of a bus during protests convened by several of the country's unions to support the student movement. According to the Minister himself, “this judicial action will be presented tomorrow, the reason is the behavior I hereby described, intercepting this public transportation bus, setting it on fire, terrorizing its passengers, is specifically considered in Letter C of the 6th article of the State Security Law”. This article punishes those who “incite, promote or encourage” a standstill or damage the operation or prevent the access to public services [es] with a maximum conviction that may vary between five to ten years. Students protesting in Chile. (…) To that, we should add that the State Security Law is an ancestral legal body, that represents everything from its authoritarian and antidemocratic origin (…) State Security Law and that's it.
Chile: Earthquake Reveals Social Inequalities The February 27 earthquake in Chile left more than 2 million displaced, at least 497 confirmed deaths [es], and an estimated US$30 billion in damage. However, the lawlessness that ensued after the quake also left Chileans with a moral question: Is Chilean society a just one? After the quake hit, a majority of Chileans helped others, assisted their neighbors in need, shared their food surpluses, and donated money in unprecedented ways. Nevertheless, a minority, however small, looted non-essentials, robbed homes, and intentionally set fire to department stores, despite the fact that the Chilean government allowed people to take essentials, such as milk, baby formula, bread, and flour. Photo of empty supermarket in Concepción by heedmane and used under a Creative Commons license. Chilean TV stations brought this reality to the homes of millions in a fairly accurate fashion [es], and so Chileans saw how some helped themselves to plasma TVs, refrigerators, and DVD players.
Chile - History Surrounded on three sides by virtually impassable barriers, Chile's rich central valley remained largely unknown to the outside world until the middle of the fifteenth century, when the Incas began their great conquests of much of the continent. Under Tupac Yupanqui, an Inca army succeeded in crossing the six hundred mile string of salt basins that are the Atacama Desert, moving from oasis to oasis in a region so dry that some parts of it show no evidence of ever having been rained upon. After coming at last into the central valley, the Incas encountered the Mapuche, one of the three Araucanian peoples who occupied the region. The invading army seemed at first to be enjoying the same success that the Incas were experiencing all over South America, and they advanced about half way down the valley's five hundred mile length. Less than a century later, a Spanish army attempted to do just that. Copyright (c) 1998 - 2010 interKnowledge Corp.
History of Chile - Lonely Planet Travel Information Beginnings It doesn't sound like much: a small child's footprint left in a marshy field. However, it took just one little huella found in Chile's Monte Verde, near Puerto Montt, to rock the foundations of archaeology in the Americas during the 1980s. These highly controversial dates pooh-poohed the long-accepted Clovis paradigm, which stated that the Americas were first populated via the Bering land bridge some 11,500 years ago, after which the Clovis people scattered southwards. ^ Back to top Early cultures Most pre-Columbian remains have been recovered in the north of Chile, preserved by the extreme desert aridity. In the canyons of the north desert, sedentary Aymara farmers cultivated maize, grew potatoes and tended llama and alpaca; their descendants still practice similar techniques in Parque Nacional Lauca. Invasion In 1495, unbeknownst to the indigenous peoples of the Americas, the land was already being earmarked by two superpowers of the day - Spain and Portugal. Colonial Chile
Chile Timeline Travel through our timeline of major events in Chile's history. Nomadic hunters settle along what is now South America's west coast. Incas from Peru conquer northern Chile. Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan becomes the first European to sight Chile as he sails through the strait now named for him. Pedro de Valdivia begins the Spanish conquest of Chile. He founds Santiago, the capital of Chile. Chile wins its independence from Spain after Jose de San Martin and Bernardo O'Higgins lead an army to defeat the Spanish at the battles of Chacabuco and Maipu. Chile goes to war against Peru and Bolivia. A new constitution grants workers extensive rights and calls for the president and congress to be popularly elected. General Augusto Pinochet leads the armed forces in the overthrow of Allende. Patricio Alywin is elected president. In January, Pinochet is put under house arrest for human-rights offenses. Michele Bachelet becomes Chile’s first woman President. The Chaiten volcano erupts.