background preloader

Chile rising - Fault Lines

Chile rising - Fault Lines
Chilean students have taken over schools and city streets in the largest protests the country has seen in decades. The students are demanding free education, and an end to the privatisation of their schools and universities. The free-market based approach to education was implemented by the military dictator Augusto Pinochet in his last days in power. The protests are causing a political crisis for Sebastian Pinera, the country's president. But what are the underlying issues driving the anger? As the demonstrations in Chile coincide with protests erupting globally, Fault Lines follows the Chilean student movement during their fight in a country plagued by economic inequality.

http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/faultlines/2011/11/2011111103913257125.html

Related:  Chile's History

The Chicago boys and the Chilean earthquake - Chile Earthquake The ghost of Milton Friedman, writes Bret Stephens in the Wall Street Journal, “was surely hovering protectively over Chile in the early morning hours of Saturday.” Thanks largely to him, the country has endured a tragedy that elsewhere would have been an apocalypse. Stephens’ logic is simple. After the U.S. I Love Chile: The World’s Premier Source of Chilean News Students march for education reform on May 16, 2012 photo: Mark Teiwes SANTIAGO — This morning (June 15) Chilean students called for two days of protest and reflection, on June 20 and June 28, confirming the beginning of a new stage in the movement for education reform. Representatives of the Aces (Coordinating Assembly of High School Students), Cones (National Coordination of High School Students), and Confech (Confederation of Chilean Students), which unites students from several universities, came together to make this announcement.

Democracy after Pinochet: politics, parties and elections in Chile - Alan Angell This book explores how democracy has developed in Chile since the end of the military dictatorship in 1990. It brings together an examination of international influences on the country's political development with empirically based analyses of Chilean political institutions and change. Chapters one and two examine international aspects of the 1973 coup and how these influenced the development of politics inside Chile. Chapters three, four, and five provide empirical analyses of the 1989, 1993, and 1999/2000 presidential elections, respectively. Chapter six investigates how the Pinochet factor influenced developments after 1990 and the Chilean reaction to Pinochet's arrest in London in 1998.

DN! Chilean Student Movement Awarded for Organizing Nation’s Largest Protests Since Pinochet Era NERMEEN SHAIKH: Two leaders of the Chilean student movement are in the United States this week where they will be awarded the 2012 Letelier-Moffitt Human Rights Award. The prize is named for the Chilean diplomat Orlando Letelier and his colleague Ronni Karpen Moffitt, who were murdered in Washington by agents of the U.S.-backed Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet in September 1976. Over the past year, the Chilean students’ movement has led some of the largest protests in Chile since the days of opposition marches to Pinochet a generation ago. The movement has rallied hundreds of thousands into the streets of Santiago and other major cities to demand greater access to affordable university education, as well as deeper structural changes in Chile.

Santiago de Chile West of Andes Mountains Chile - January 9th, 2011 This orthorectified image shows the eastern part of Santiago, the capital city of Chile. The city lies in the center of the Santiago Basin, a large bowl-shaped valley consisting of a broad and fertile lands surrounded by mountains. The city has a varying elevation, with 400 m (1,312 ft) in the western areas and 540 m (1,772 ft) in the Plaza Baquedano. It is flanked by the main chain of the Andes on the east and the Chilean Coastal Range on the west. On the north, it is bounded by the Cordón de Chacabuco, a mountain range of the Andes.

Ash and Steam Released from Puyehue-Cordón Caulle Volcano Chile and Argentina - March 7th, 2012 Chile’s Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcano could be seen releasing ash and steam at the end of the first week of March, 2012. The Chilean National Service of Geology and Mining reported that the plume was 1.2 kilometers (3,900 feet) high, and extended 30 kilometers (19 miles) from the active vent. Other effects of the eruption can also be observed. Why is Piñera's government so unpopular in Chile? A year ago, 33 Chilean miners were trapped in a mine in the north of the country. Sixty-nine days later, they were rescued and the president of Chile, Sebastian Piñera, was rewarded with a record approval rating. Those days now seem like a distant memory.

Chile: State Security Law, Violence Deterrent or Repression? On October 18, 2011, Chilean Interior Minister Rodrigo Hinzpeter invoked [es] the State Security Law to punish the persons responsible for the burning of a bus during protests convened by several of the country's unions to support the student movement. According to the Minister himself, “this judicial action will be presented tomorrow, the reason is the behavior I hereby described, intercepting this public transportation bus, setting it on fire, terrorizing its passengers, is specifically considered in Letter C of the 6th article of the State Security Law”. This article punishes those who “incite, promote or encourage” a standstill or damage the operation or prevent the access to public services [es] with a maximum conviction that may vary between five to ten years. Students protesting in Chile. Image by Sebastian Poch Velasco, The Stroboscope on Flickr (CC BY 2.0) Me van a perdonar, pero esto de invocar la Ley de Seguridad del Estado es como salir a matar un ratón con una bomba atómica

Chile: Camila Vallejo interviewed [Translation of an interview by BBC World with Camila Vallejo, a leader of the Chilean student movement, as published in El Mostrador of Santiago on October 18. See original here and related articles here.] After close to six months of protests, the student movement, which is demanding free public education, continues shaping the country’s political agenda. A new 48-hour strike begins this Tuesday. Students, professors, environmentalists and the Central Unitaria de Trabajadores, one of Chile’s principal unions, support the protest, which will include as its central event a demonstration scheduled for Wednesday afternoon. Chile: Earthquake Reveals Social Inequalities The February 27 earthquake in Chile left more than 2 million displaced, at least 497 confirmed deaths [es], and an estimated US$30 billion in damage. However, the lawlessness that ensued after the quake also left Chileans with a moral question: Is Chilean society a just one? After the quake hit, a majority of Chileans helped others, assisted their neighbors in need, shared their food surpluses, and donated money in unprecedented ways. Nevertheless, a minority, however small, looted non-essentials, robbed homes, and intentionally set fire to department stores, despite the fact that the Chilean government allowed people to take essentials, such as milk, baby formula, bread, and flour. Photo of empty supermarket in Concepción by heedmane and used under a Creative Commons license. Chilean TV stations brought this reality to the homes of millions in a fairly accurate fashion [es], and so Chileans saw how some helped themselves to plasma TVs, refrigerators, and DVD players.

Related: