Absence Seizures | Epilepsy Foundation What is an absence seizure? An absence seizure causes a short period of “blanking out” or staring into space. Like other kinds of seizures, they are caused by abnormal activity in a person’s brain. There are two types of absence seizures: Simple absence seizures: During a simple absence seizure, a person usually just stares into space for less than 10 seconds. Absence seizures can also happen with other kinds of seizures. Absence seizures are so brief that they frequently escape detection. Who’s at risk for absence seizures? Absence seizures are most common in children ages 4 to 14. What’s it like to have an absence seizure? When people have absence seizures, they are unaware of what’s going on around them. Some people have absence seizures for years before they know that anything’s wrong. What happens after an absence seizure? When an absence seizure ends, the person usually continues doing whatever they were doing before the seizure. It depends. A lot of the time, you can’t. Daydreaming:
Arthritis in Cats - How to Recognize the Signs of Arthritis in Your Cat Arthritis is commonly encountered in cats, particularly in older cats. However, the signs of feline arthritis are often subtle and difficult to spot, even for the most dedicated of cat owners. What Causes Arthritis in Cats? Arthritis occurs when the cartilage within the joint becomes damaged. In a normal cat, each joint contains cartilage that acts as a buffer between the bony surfaces. The cartilage creates a "cushion" between the bones that form the joint. When the cartilage within a joint becomes damaged, a cascade of events is unleashed which eventually leads to the destruction of the cartilage. What Are the Risk Factors for Feline Arthritis? There are a number of factors that make arthritis more likely for your cat. Feline arthritis is more common in middle-aged and older cats. What Are the Signs of Arthritis in a Cat? A cat that is arthritic may show many different symptoms. Any change in your cat's behavior may be a result of pain.
Heartworms in Dogs: Facts and Myths WebMD separates the facts from fiction about canine heartworms. By Sandy EcksteinWebMD Pet Health Feature Heartworms in dogs are easy to prevent, but difficult and costly to cure. We asked Sheldon Rubin, 2007-2010 president of the American Heartworm Society, to separate facts from the myths about heartworm infestations in dogs. Q: How do dogs get heartworms? A: Only by the bite of an infected mosquito. Heartworm disease has been reported in all 50 states. Heartworm disease has not only spread throughout the United States, but it’s also now found in areas where veterinarians used to say “Oh, we don’t have heartworm disease.” It takes about seven months, once a dog is bitten by an infected mosquito, for the larvae to mature into adult heartworms. Q: Can people get heartworms from their dogs? A: It can only be passed on by mosquitoes. Q: If one of my dogs has heartworms, can he give it to my other dogs? A: No.
Blog | PurinaCare Pet Health Insurance Blog Dihydrostreptomycin In some countries, this medicine may only be approved for veterinary use. Scheme Rec.INN ATC (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification) CAS registry number (Chemical Abstracts Service) Chemical Formula Molecular Weight Therapeutic Category Antibacterial: Aminoglycoside Chemical Name 2,4-Diguanidino-3,5,6-trihydroxycyclohexyl-5-deoxy-2-O-(2-deoxy-2-metylamino-alpha-L-glucopyranosyl)-3-hydroxymetyl-beta-L-lyxo-pentanofuranoside Foreign Names Dihydrostreptomycinum (Latin)Dihydrostreptomycin (German)Dihydrostreptomycine (French)Dihidroestreptomicina (Spanish) Generic Names Dihydrostreptomycin (OS: BAN)Dihydrostreptomycine (OS: DCF)Diidrostreptomicina (OS: DCIT)Dihydrostreptomycin Sulfate (OS: BANM)Dihydrostreptomycin Sulfate (PH: BP vet. 2015, USP 37)Dihydrostreptomycin Sulfate for veterinary use (PH: Ph. Brand Names ← International Drug Name Search Click for further information on drug naming conventions and International Nonproprietary Names.
Absence seizure Absence seizures are one of several kinds of seizures. These seizures are sometimes referred to as petit mal seizures (from the French for "little illness", a term dating from the late 18th century). Absence seizures are characterized by a brief loss and return of consciousness, generally not followed by a period of lethargy (without a notable postictal state). Signs and symptoms The clinical manifestations of absence seizures vary significantly among patients. Impairment of consciousness is the essential symptom, and may be the only clinical symptom, but this can be combined with other manifestations. Absence with impairment of consciousness only as per the above description. Mixed forms of absence frequently occur. Video Example (Video of Absence Seizure) Precipitating factors Typical absences are easily induced by hyperventilation in more than 90% of the patients. Diagnosis Absence seizures are broadly divided into typical and atypical types.
Urinary Tract Infections in Cats Idiopathic Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (IFLUTD) is a general term for disorders characterized by blood in the urine, difficult or painful urination, abnormal, frequent passage of urine, urinating in inappropriate locations (ie., bath tub), and partial or complete blockage of the urethra. Also known as Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC), Feline Urologic Syndrome (FUS), or Interstitial Cystitis, this treatable condition occurs in the bladder and urethra of the lower urinary tract; that is, the tube from the bladder to the outside, through which urine flows out of the body. Idiopathic feline urinary tract disease, and inflammation of the bladder for unknown reasons, are diagnosed only after known causes such as kidney stones or urinary tract infection have been eliminated. Any of the above symptoms or combination of these symptoms may be associated with feline lower urinary tract disease. This disease occurs in both male and female cats. Symptoms and Types Causes Diagnosis
Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is a disease caused by infection with Leptospira bacteria. These bacteria can be found worldwide in soil and water. There are many strains of Leptospira bacteria that can cause disease. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, which means it can be spread from animals to people. Infection in people can cause flu-like symptoms and can cause liver or kidney disease. Leptospirosis is more common in areas with warm climates and high annual rainfall but it can occur anywhere. Risk factors for leptospirosis Dogs are most commonly affected. Dogs can become infected and develop leptospirosis if their mucous membranes (or skin with any wound, such as a cut or scrape) come into contact with infected urine, urine-contaminated soil, water, food or bedding; through a bite from an infected animal; by eating infected tissues or carcasses; and rarely, through breeding. Signs of leptospirosis The signs of leptospirosis in dogs vary. Treatment and prevention
2011/2012 APPA National Pet Owners Survey NEW THIS YEAR - The Survey is Now Available in a Digital eBook Format! If You Need Data and Hard Facts On American Pet Products Consumers, You Must Use This Resource! Since 1988, APPA has been collecting and publishing the industry's most comprehensive consumer research study of demographics, buying habits and other traits of owners of dogs, cats, fish, birds, reptiles, small animals and now equine. Published every other year, The APPA National Pet Owners Survey has become the premier resource of its kind for manufacturers, retailers and investment professionals alike. New and Expanded in this Edition New Data:Largest-ever sampling of garden pond owners • Care and feeding of free-roaming animals • New trends in food choices including grain-free/gluten-free and specialty foods • The addition of pets and children to the household • Importance of brand name when purchasing pet products • Reptile treats 2013/2014 APPA National Pet Owners Survey APPA Membership Copies Non-Member Copies
Veterinary handbook for cattle, sheep and goats > Diseases - Cattle Species All. Description This is the protrusion of abdominal contents (mesentery or intestinal tract), through a defect in the abdominal wall, the skin remaining intact. Size of the lesion depends on the extent of the defect and the amount of intestine or other content incvolved. Hernias are likely to be rare in the animals selected for the live export process. Clinical Signs and Diagnosis A hernia may present as a soft, elastic reducible swelling except when trapped gut is being strangulated or acute rupture causes haemorrhage and oedema. Treatment Surgical and bandaging options are available but are unlikely to be practical or successful within the constraints of the export process. Prevention Low stress animal handling, well designed facilities and careful selection of animals prevent this and many other problems in the live export process. Syndromes
Thalamocortical oscillations Oscillatory activity is an emerging property of the thalamocortical system. The various oscillatory rhythms generated in the thalamocortical system are mediated by two types of mechanisms: intrinsic mechanisms, which depend on the interplay between specific intrinsic currents. extrinsic or network mechanisms, which require the interaction of excitatory and inhibitory neurons within a population. Intrinsic and network mechanisms can work alone (e.g., thalamic delta oscillations depend on the intrinsic properties of thalamic relay cells, cortical slow oscillation depends on network properties) or in combination (e.g., spindles depend on the interaction between thalamic relay and reticular neurons as well as on their intrinsic properties). The patterns and the dominant frequencies of thalamocortical oscillations depend on the functional state of the brain. Oscillations Normal thalamocortical oscillatory activities include Infra-slow oscillation Functional role. Slow oscillation Ripples See also