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Asperger syndrome

Asperger syndrome
Asperger syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger disorder (AD) or simply Asperger's, is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that is characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, alongside restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. It differs from other autism spectrum disorders by its relative preservation of linguistic and cognitive development. Although not required for diagnosis, physical clumsiness and atypical (peculiar, odd) use of language are frequently reported.[1][2] The syndrome is named after the Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger who, in 1944, studied and described children in his practice who lacked nonverbal communication skills, demonstrated limited empathy with their peers, and were physically clumsy.[3] The modern conception of Asperger syndrome came into existence in 1981[4] and went through a period of popularization,[5][6] becoming standardized as a diagnosis in the early 1990s. Classification Causes

What is Asperger syndrome? Here we explain more about Asperger syndrome - a form of autism - including the three main difficulties that people with Asperger syndrome share, how many people have the condition, and what may cause it. As soon as we meet a person we make judgements about them. From their facial expression, tone of voice and body language we can usually tell whether they are happy, angry or sad and respond accordingly. People with Asperger syndrome can find it harder to read the signals that most of us take for granted. About Asperger syndrome Asperger syndrome is a form of autism, which is a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people. Asperger syndrome is mostly a 'hidden disability'. social communication social interaction social imagination. They are often referred to as 'the triad of impairments' and are explained in more detail on page 3. Three main areas of difficulty Difficulty with social communication Love of routines

Analisi genetiche: Il Cariotipo -, il portale della Fertilità e della Riproduzione Assistita La citogenetica è lo studio dei cromosomi umani mentre l’analisi citogenetica consiste nello studio del numero e della struttura dei cromosomi (cariotipo) presenti nel nucleo delle cellule dell’organismo; è una procedura particolarmente importante nella diagnosi prenatale ma anche post-natale, per esempio in pazienti con ritardo mentale, difetti multipli alla nascita, sviluppo sessuale anormale, e in alcuni casi di infertilità o di aborto ripetuto. Le analisi citogenetiche sono utili anche nello studio e nel trattamento di pazienti con tumori maligni e malattie ematologiche come la leucemia. Che cos’è un cromosoma I cromosomi sono costituiti da una molecola di DNA associata a numerose proteine, e contengono l’informazione genetica. Il numero di cromosomi per cellula è caratteristico di ciascuna specie; nella specie umana sono presenti 46 cromosomi (23 coppie) ogni cellula diploide. L’interpretazione del cariotipo standard

Asperger Syndrome Information Page Asperger syndrome (AS) is a developmental disorder. It is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of a distinct group of neurological conditions characterized by a greater or lesser degree of impairment in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive or restrictive patterns of thought and behavior. Other ASDs include: classic autism, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOS). Unlike children with autism, children with AS retain their early language skills. The most distinguishing symptom of AS is a child’s obsessive interest in a single object or topic to the exclusion of any other. Children with AS want to know everything about their topic of interest and their conversations with others will be about little else. Children with AS are isolated because of their poor social skills and narrow interests.

Asperger Syndrome Fact Sheet Asperger syndrome (AS) is an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), one of a distinct group of complex neurodevelopment disorders characterized by social impairment, communication difficulties, and restrictive, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Other ASDs include autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOS). ASDs are considered neurodevelopmental disorders and are present from infancy or early childhood. Although early diagnosis using standardized screening by age 2 is the goal, many with ASD are not detected until later because of limited social demands and support from parents and caregivers in early life. The severity of communication and behavioral deficits, and the degree of disability, is variable in those affected by ASD. Two core features of autism are: a) social and communication deficits and b) fixated interests and repetitive behaviors.

Judith Ayre - Process Experiential Emotion Focused Therapy (PEEFT) for individuals and couples. Process-Experiential Emotion-Focused Therapy (PEEFT) Process-Experiential Emotion-Focused Therapy (PEEFT) is a totally holistic approach that suits many different people. It can be very helpful for people who either find it hard to regulate their emotions or who feel that their emotions are spilling over uncomfortably into other areas of their life. Equally, it is effective for people who notice that they experience little or no emotion in their life or who are perceived by others to 'live in their heads' or be too 'ultra-rational' too much of the time. History of Process-Experiential Emotion-Focused Therapy (PEEFT) in Melbourne, Australia In the 1990s, Dr George Wills of LaTrobe University became interested in the work of Robert Elliott, Laura Rice and Les Greenberg. In 2000, with still few published manuscripts available, Judith Ayre began learning and practicing the method and discussing its applications with George Wills over several years. Find a PEEFT therapist. Contact Judith Ayre

Better genetic test for autism? Chromosomal microarray analysis picks up more abnormalities than current tests A large study from Children's Hospital Boston and the Boston-based Autism Consortium finds that a genetic test that samples the entire genome, known as chromosomal microarray analysis, has about three times the detection rate for genetic changes related to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) than standard tests. Publishing in the April issue of Pediatrics (and online March 15), the authors urge that CMA become part of the first-line genetic work-up for ASDs. Expectant parents who have family members with ASDs, as well as families who already have an affected child, often request genetic testing. However, there is still only limited knowledge about actual causative genes. The currently recommended tests (karyotyping to look for chromosomal abnormalities and testing for Fragile X, the single largest known genetic cause of ASDs) often come up negative. CMA offers about 100-fold greater resolution than standard karyotyping.

Hedgehog's Dilemma Both Arthur Schopenhauer and Sigmund Freud have used this situation to describe what they feel is the state of individual in relation to others in society. The hedgehog's dilemma suggests that despite goodwill, human intimacy cannot occur without substantial mutual harm, and what results is cautious behavior and weak relationships. With the hedgehog's dilemma, one is recommended to use moderation in affairs with others both because of self-interest, as well as out of consideration for others. The hedgehog's dilemma is used to explain introversion and isolationism. Schopenhauer[edit] The concept originates in the following parable from the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer's Parerga und Paralipomena, Volume II, Chapter XXXI, Section 396:[1] A number of porcupines huddled together for warmth on a cold day in winter; but, as they began to prick one another with their quills, they were obliged to disperse. Freud[edit] Social psychological research[edit] References[edit]

Asperger's Syndrome Symptoms in Children, Teens, Adults Although there are many possible symptoms of Asperger's syndrome, the main symptom is significant trouble with social situations. Your child may have mild to severe symptoms or have a few or many of these symptoms. Because of the wide variety of symptoms, no two children with Asperger's are alike. Symptoms during childhood Parents often first notice the symptoms of Asperger's syndrome when their child starts preschool and begins to interact with other children. Children with Asperger's syndrome may: Not pick up on social cues and may lack inborn social skills, such as being able to read others' body language, start or maintain a conversation, and take turns talking.Dislike any changes in routines.Appear to lack empathy.Be unable to recognize subtle differences in speech tone, pitch, and accent that alter the meaning of others' speech. A child with one or two of these symptoms does not necessarily have Asperger's syndrome. Symptoms during adolescent and teen years

Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT has been demonstrated to be effective for the treatment of a variety of conditions, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, tic, and psychotic disorders. Many CBT treatment programs for specific disorders have been evaluated for efficacy; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment, where specific treatments for symptom-based diagnoses are recommended, has favored CBT over other approaches such as psychodynamic treatments.[3] However, other researchers have questioned the validity of such claims to superiority over other treatments.[4][5] History[edit] Philosophical roots[edit] Precursors of certain fundamental aspects of CBT have been identified in various ancient philosophical traditions, particularly Stoicism.[6] For example, Aaron T. Behavior therapy roots[edit] At the same time this of Eysenck's work, B.F. The emphasis on behavioral factors constituted the "first wave" of CBT.[15] Cognitive therapy roots[edit] Behavior and Cognitive Therapies Merge[edit]