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The history of the workhouse by Peter Higginbotham

The history of the workhouse by Peter Higginbotham

Virtual Victorians contains Victorian artefacts, objects, news, photographs, presented in an innovative, exciting way for schools, parents and those interested in the Victorian era Sex & Sexuality in the 19th century Wilhelm von Gloeden, 'Two Seated Sicilian Youths', about 1900. Museum no. 2815-1952. © Victoria & Albert Museum, London Male anxieties in relation to both physical and mental health in the Victorian era often seem to have concentrated on the supposedly baleful effects of masturbation, which was alleged to cause a wide range of physical and mental disorders, and on venereal diseases, especially syphilis. This brings us neatly into the subject of Victorian sexuality, which has been a continuing topic of debate and fascination. According to their own testimonies, many people born in the Victorian age were both factually uninformed and emotionally frigid about sexual matters. Lately, evidence has shown that Victorian sex was not polarised between female distaste ('Lie back and think of England', as one mother is famously said to have counselled her anxious, newly married daughter) and extra-marital male indulgence. Male anti-masturbation device, 1880-1920. © Science Museum, London Jan Marsh

Harper's Bazaar- Suitable Clothing for Victorian Servants THE uniformity of dress is a characteristic of the people of the United States. The man of leisure and the laborer, the mistress and the maid, wear clothes of the same material and cut. Political equality renders our countrymen and countrywomen averse to all distinctions of costume which may be supposed to indicate a difference of caste. Our working-people, in vindicating their claims to social equality, by putting on their heads the stove-pipe hat and flimsy bonnet, and clothing their bodies in tight-fitting coats and flowing robes, not only interfere with the pictur­esque, which is of minor importance, but make, we think, an unwise sacrifice of comfort, con­venience, and economy. As for the suitableness of the female dress of fashion to working-day purposes no one will venture, we suppose, to hold that crinoline is convenient in the china-closet or safe in the proximity of a red-hot stove, and that a flowing train of silk is the most appropriate broom for the kitchen floor.

Victorian History Victorians The Victorian period in Britain was one of huge industrial and technological change, shocking divisions between rich and poor, sensational crimes, spectacular entertainments for the masses, and grand attempts to combat squalor and disease. Discover Victorian life through the posters, pamphlets, diaries, newspapers, political reports and illustrations that the 19th century left behind... Written by Liza Picard The Working Classes and The Poor Street sellers, omnibus drivers, mudlarks, the workhouse and prostitution, the poor were forced to survive in any way that they could... The Middle Class Bank clerks, housewives shopping, magazine readers and holiday makers: all members of the Victorian middle class... Popular Culture No matter how poor people were, they could usually raise a penny or so for the music hall, circus or magic show... Transport and Communications Crime The police force was still in its early years and executions were a public source of entertainment. The Great Exhibition Health

The Metropolitan Police Aprons are Defences; against injury to cleanliness, to safety, to modesty, sometimes to roguery. From the thin slip of notched silk, which some highest-bred housewife . . . has gracefully fastened on; to the thick-tanned hide, girt round him with thongs, wherein the Builder builds, and at evening sticks his trowel. . . . How much has been defended, how much concealed in Aprons! The Maintenance of Law and Order before 1829 Authorities had few resources to cope with riot, crime and disorder. The industrial revolution put new pressures on society, leading to violence. Debate about the creation of a standing police force in England raged during the early part of the 19th century. In 1829 Peel's Metropolitan Police Act was passed by Wellington's government as a political compromise, the Act applying only to London. Crime and disorder were to be controlled by preventive patrols and no stipends were permitted for successful solutions of crimes or the recovery of stolen property.

History in Focus: The Victorian Era (Introduction) Introduction This first issue of History in Focus looks at Victorian history and the resources available to study it. To find issues on other topics, go to our home page. In this issue: article: an overview of the Victorian era by Anne Shepherd. websites: websites about the Victorian Era, reviewed by the In Focus editorial team. book reviews: reviews of major books on the Victorian Era. Review tasters Care outside the Community: Asylums 'The gradual appearance of state asylums, however, led to the expulsion of paupers. The above quotation comes from Dr. 'The purpose of Insanity, Institutions and Society is to introduce readers to a fresh generation of research on the social history of madness. Back to top The Great Exhibition Confidence in industry and commerce was expressed robustly in the Great Exhibition but its history is more complex than commonly acknowledged. Other Sources: Ireland Meanwhile, Paul O'Leary warns against an understanding of history based purely on official records.

Victorians 1850 - 1901 The world's largest empire is governed from Whitehall. Our collections offer an invaluable insight into the politics of empire and the daily lives of its citizens. Our massive photographic holdings covering Britain and its colonies vividly bring the period to life. Topics Selling the Victorians Has advertising changed from Victorian times? Charles Booth Online Archive The Victorian Web