Domesday Book On 5 January 1066, Edward the Confessor, the King of England, died. Harold Godwin was crowned King of England. Two other men claimed that the throne belonged to them: Harold Hardrada, King of Norway; the other was William Duke of Normandy. William took all the land and important jobs in the Government and Church away from the Saxons and divided it up amongst his Norman friends. The results of this survey were written into Domesday Book.
Secrets of Lost Empires | Medieval Siege Welcome to the companion Web site to the NOVA program "Medieval Siege," scheduled for broadcast on January 24, 2006. In the film, which is a part of the NOVA series Secrets of Lost Empires, a team of timber framers and other specialists design, build, and fire a pair of trebuchets, a devastating engine of war popular in the Middle Ages. Here's what you'll find online: Medieval Arms Race The trebuchet was only the most frightening of the weapons early European warriors employed in siege warfare. Medieval Arms Race | NOVA Builds a Trebuchet | Life in a Castle Destroy the Castle | Resources | Transcript Medieval Siege | Pharaoh's Obelisk | Easter Island | Roman Bath | China Bridge | Site Map NOVA Online | Editor's Picks | Previous Sites | Join Us/E-mail | TV/Web Schedule About NOVA | Teachers | Site Map | Shop | Jobs | Search | To print © | created January 2000
Medieval Realms Illuminated manuscripts are the survivors of the Middle Ages, shedding light on both the great events of the period and the everyday life of ordinary people. In this web resource you will be able to examine evidence in a number of medieval manuscripts, finding out more about the social history of the period. An additional resource on the British Library's collection of medieval manuscripts is available on our Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts. Written by Dr Alixe Bovey. Towns The craftsmen, traders, temptations and dangers, within medieval England’s walled towns Rural life The lives of ploughmen, seed sowers, millers and bakers as evidenced in unique illuminations Women The diverse roles of women and their cultural significance in medieval society Monsters Men with dogs’ heads, creatures with giant feet, griffins, sirens and hellish demons all recorded in medieval documents Food The banquets, spices and sugar sculptures of the medieval table Church Medicine Death ShareThis
Medieval Demographics The Domesday Book Penned by Brandon Blackmoor, based on Medieval Demographics Made Easy by S. John Ross Here is subscribed the inquisition of lands as the barons of the king have made inquiry into them... <p>Forsooth, thy browser is truly antiquated! Land Mass The population density of , due to factors such as climate, geography, and political environment, is persons per km2 . occupies km2 ( hexes, each km across and roughly km2 in area). Population 's population is approximately persons. residents are isolated or itinerant. residents live in villages. residents live in towns. residents live in cities. residents live in big cities. The average distance between villages is km. supports Universities. supports head of livestock: fowl (e.g. chickens, geese, ducks). dairy and meat animals (e.g. cows, goats, pigs, sheep). Large population centers of any scale are the result of traffic. Castles and Fortifications The inhabitants of have been building castles for the last years. Towns and Cities
Periodis Web - Map of Europe in Year 1200 This map is in Sovereign States mode, zoom in to display the dependencies Life In The 17th Century During the 17th century the population of England and Wales grew steadily. It was about 4 million in 1600 and it grew to about 5 1/2 million by 1700. During the 17th century England became steadily richer. Trade and commerce grew and grew. During the 1600s the status of merchants improved. At the top of English society were the nobility. For the upper class and the middle class life grew more comfortable but for the poor life changed little At the end of the 17th century a writer estimated that half the population could afford to eat meat every day. By an act of 1601 overseers of the poor were appointed by each parish. On a more cheerful note in the 17th century in many towns wealthy people left money in their wills to provide almshouses where the poor could live. A history of English society In 1600 Westminster was separate from London. 17th century towns were dirty and unsanitary. However there were some improvements in London. During the 17th century towns grew much larger. Home
The Shapes of Medieval Swords Medieval Sword Shapes - Their unique shapes and changes over the centuries The Shapes of Medieval Swords Swords from the medieval Period went through some wonderful changes as the tools and technology of metal working changed. Here is a look at some of the major shapes of swords and a little explanation of them. From Left to Right 1. the Katana: This sword has a beautiful line with a delicate curve that is continued through the handle. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Browse through my Amazon store and check out the Swords and Medieval Armor: Medieval Armor and Weapons Here is an unusual shape for a real weapon. Ancient Egyptian Sword: A Khopesh This is an easy project where you can make a cardboard sword called a Khopesh. Books
Life In The 18th century In the late 18th century life the industrial revolution began to transform life in Britain. Until then most people lived in the countryside and made their living from farming. By the mid 19th century most people in Britain lived in towns and made their living from mining or manufacturing industries. From 1712 a man named Thomas Newcomen (1663-1729) made primitive steam engines for pumping water from mines. Meanwhile during the 1700s Britain built up a great overseas empire. In 1707 the Act of Union was passed. Owning land was the main form of wealth in the 18th century. However other middle class people such as merchants and professional men became richer and more numerous, especially in the towns. Below them were the great mass of the population, craftsmen and laborers. In the early 18th century England suffered from gin drinking. At the end of the 1700s a group of Evangelical Christians called the Clapham Sect were formed. The history of English society Women in the 18th Century Home
Types of Castle, Chateau Fort and Manor House and History of Castles Castles have evolved in line with weapons technology, but the principals of attack and defence have remained unchanged. Many modern military techniques are just modernised traditional techniques. We can often identify the age of a castle just by looking at it . A Norman keep or a concentric ground plan, or architectural features are invaluable clues. Here you can read about the development of castles throughout the ages, from Ancient times to the modern day. Before the year 1000 a form of castle known as a Motte & Bailey had become widespread in Europe. The Normans developed the Motte and Bailey, by building pretty much the same design but in stone. Defensive castle architecture was revolutionised by contact between Christian crusaders and the peoples on the Levant, notably the Byzantines and the Moslems of the Holy Lands. Next we present a selection of photographs of spectacular Castles Around the world including European Castles, Asian Castles and Japanese Castles (again).
Women in the 17th Century In the 17th century the professions (lawyer, doctor) were closed to women. However some women had jobs. Some of them worked spinning cloth. Women were also tailoreses, milliners, dyers, shoemakers and embroiderers. However most women were housewives and they were kept very busy. In the 17th century most households in the countryside were largely self-sufficient. A farmer's wife also milked cows, fed animals and grew herbs and vegetables. The 17th century housewife was also supposed to have some knowledge of medicine and be able to treat her family's illnesses. In the 17th century poor and middle class wives were kept very busy but rich women were not idle either. In the 16th century some upper class women were highly educated. However towards the end of the 16th century girls spent less time on academic subjects and more time on skills like music and embroidery. In the 17th century most women were wives and mothers. Life in the 17th Century England in the 17th Century Home
The Chivalry Bookshelf: Arms & Armour, Medieval History, Swordsmanship Myths About the Middle Ages When you think of the Middle Ages, chances are you picture gallant knights sitting astride brilliant destriers galloping through a sea of plagues, ignorance, and filth. And you can hardly be blamed for that, when everything from the movies you watch to your high school history teacher (who was mainly the football coach) has told you that ... #6. Getty The Myth: They call it the Dark Ages for a reason. Getty"No, we can't cross the ocean there, don't you see that sea monster in the way?" The Reality: Aside from the fact that, as we've already explained, most people in the Middle Ages did not think the Earth was flat, the church wasn't responsible for killing science -- to the contrary, it was largely responsible for saving it. After the barbarians invaded Europe and Rome went the way of the dinosaurs, the Catholic church was the last remaining aspect of Roman culture in Western Europe. Getty"Look, the monks' scroll clearly says that all monks had 12-inch dongs, so it must be true." #5. #4.
Periodis Web - Map of Europe in Year 1300 This map is in Sovereign States mode, zoom in to display the dependencies