Religion in the Middle Ages The Catholic Church The Catholic Church was the only church in Europe during the Middle Ages, and it had its own laws and large coffers. Church leaders such as bishops and archbishops sat on the king's council and played leading roles in government. As the population of Europe expanded in the twelfth century, the churches that had been built in the Roman style with round-arched roofs became too small. Monks and Nuns Monasteries in the Middle Ages were based on the rules set down by St. Monks went to the monastery church eight times a day in a routine of worship that involved singing, chanting, and reciting prayers from the divine offices and from the service for Mass. Pilgrimages Pilgrimages were an important part of religious life in the Middle Ages. The major Cathedral Centres of the Middle Ages Beauvais The cathedral at Beauvais (St. This, a building of immense proportions, was begun in 1247, and the choir was completed in 1272. The current nave was begun in 1373.
Secrets of Lost Empires | Medieval Siege Welcome to the companion Web site to the NOVA program "Medieval Siege," scheduled for broadcast on January 24, 2006. In the film, which is a part of the NOVA series Secrets of Lost Empires, a team of timber framers and other specialists design, build, and fire a pair of trebuchets, a devastating engine of war popular in the Middle Ages. Here's what you'll find online: Medieval Arms Race The trebuchet was only the most frightening of the weapons early European warriors employed in siege warfare. Medieval Arms Race | NOVA Builds a Trebuchet | Life in a Castle Destroy the Castle | Resources | Transcript Medieval Siege | Pharaoh's Obelisk | Easter Island | Roman Bath | China Bridge | Site Map NOVA Online | Editor's Picks | Previous Sites | Join Us/E-mail | TV/Web Schedule About NOVA | Teachers | Site Map | Shop | Jobs | Search | To print © | created January 2000
stle Builder Image Copyright 1995 by Educational Management Group, Inc. During the Medieval era of history, life was lived by a very different set of political, economic, and social rules. The only form of government was a Monarchy where the king or queen ruled by "divine right." You are a Medieval Castle Builder living in Wales in the year 1076. The Baron wants his castle to not only be beautiful, but also the strongest castle of defense ever built. Before you can begin the castle design, you must first become familiar with the Welsh people who are going to inhabit this castle. After researching and taking notes on what daily life in a Welsh castle is like, you will then begin the design of the Baron's new castle. Your design may take the shape of a three-dimensional poster, a three-dimensional model, a video, or a sculpture. Step 1 - Daily Life To begin your research look at the Internet site "Life in a Medieval Castle" which will give you a good look at daily life in a Welsh castle. Teacher Notes
Medieval Demographics The Domesday Book Penned by Brandon Blackmoor, based on Medieval Demographics Made Easy by S. John Ross Here is subscribed the inquisition of lands as the barons of the king have made inquiry into them... <p>Forsooth, thy browser is truly antiquated! Land Mass The population density of , due to factors such as climate, geography, and political environment, is persons per km2 . occupies km2 ( hexes, each km across and roughly km2 in area). Population 's population is approximately persons. residents are isolated or itinerant. residents live in villages. residents live in towns. residents live in cities. residents live in big cities. The average distance between villages is km. supports Universities. supports head of livestock: fowl (e.g. chickens, geese, ducks). dairy and meat animals (e.g. cows, goats, pigs, sheep). Large population centers of any scale are the result of traffic. Castles and Fortifications The inhabitants of have been building castles for the last years. Towns and Cities
Magna Carta: Cornerstone of the U.S. Constitution At the death of his brother, Richard the Lionhearted, John assumed the throne of England, intent on exercising power to achieve his own selfish ends. To fund military campaigns in France, he extracted exorbitant fees from nobles, who, in turn, raised the rents imposed on their tenants. At the same time, John reduced the lords' customary powers over those tenants, restricting, for example, their power to hold court for those living on their feudal lands. He attempted to influence church elections and confiscated church properties, alienating the powerful ecclesiastical establishment and depriving the poor of the only source of relief available to paupers. King John's tyrannical practices extended to demanding sexual favors from the wives and daughters of his barons and to imposing brutal punishments on individuals who challenged his authority. Although English monarchs continued to abuse their powers, they also came to recognize the need for baronial support.
Life In The 17th Century During the 17th century the population of England and Wales grew steadily. It was about 4 million in 1600 and it grew to about 5 1/2 million by 1700. During the 17th century England became steadily richer. Trade and commerce grew and grew. During the 1600s the status of merchants improved. At the top of English society were the nobility. For the upper class and the middle class life grew more comfortable but for the poor life changed little At the end of the 17th century a writer estimated that half the population could afford to eat meat every day. By an act of 1601 overseers of the poor were appointed by each parish. On a more cheerful note in the 17th century in many towns wealthy people left money in their wills to provide almshouses where the poor could live. A history of English society In 1600 Westminster was separate from London. 17th century towns were dirty and unsanitary. However there were some improvements in London. During the 17th century towns grew much larger. Home
History - Ancient History in depth: The Story of Carbon Dating Life In The 18th century In the late 18th century life the industrial revolution began to transform life in Britain. Until then most people lived in the countryside and made their living from farming. By the mid 19th century most people in Britain lived in towns and made their living from mining or manufacturing industries. From 1712 a man named Thomas Newcomen (1663-1729) made primitive steam engines for pumping water from mines. Meanwhile during the 1700s Britain built up a great overseas empire. In 1707 the Act of Union was passed. Owning land was the main form of wealth in the 18th century. However other middle class people such as merchants and professional men became richer and more numerous, especially in the towns. Below them were the great mass of the population, craftsmen and laborers. In the early 18th century England suffered from gin drinking. At the end of the 1700s a group of Evangelical Christians called the Clapham Sect were formed. The history of English society Women in the 18th Century Home
Science Timeline Marks in the evolution of science. Women in the 17th Century In the 17th century the professions (lawyer, doctor) were closed to women. However some women had jobs. Some of them worked spinning cloth. Women were also tailoreses, milliners, dyers, shoemakers and embroiderers. However most women were housewives and they were kept very busy. In the 17th century most households in the countryside were largely self-sufficient. A farmer's wife also milked cows, fed animals and grew herbs and vegetables. The 17th century housewife was also supposed to have some knowledge of medicine and be able to treat her family's illnesses. In the 17th century poor and middle class wives were kept very busy but rich women were not idle either. In the 16th century some upper class women were highly educated. However towards the end of the 16th century girls spent less time on academic subjects and more time on skills like music and embroidery. In the 17th century most women were wives and mothers. Life in the 17th Century England in the 17th Century Home
A History of the World - Location - Europe Myths About the Middle Ages When you think of the Middle Ages, chances are you picture gallant knights sitting astride brilliant destriers galloping through a sea of plagues, ignorance, and filth. And you can hardly be blamed for that, when everything from the movies you watch to your high school history teacher (who was mainly the football coach) has told you that ... #6. Getty The Myth: They call it the Dark Ages for a reason. Getty"No, we can't cross the ocean there, don't you see that sea monster in the way?" The Reality: Aside from the fact that, as we've already explained, most people in the Middle Ages did not think the Earth was flat, the church wasn't responsible for killing science -- to the contrary, it was largely responsible for saving it. After the barbarians invaded Europe and Rome went the way of the dinosaurs, the Catholic church was the last remaining aspect of Roman culture in Western Europe. Getty"Look, the monks' scroll clearly says that all monks had 12-inch dongs, so it must be true." #5. #4.