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Philosophie - Relations et domination

Philosophie - Relations et domination
Bases du comportement humain Les Philosophes se sont souvent interrogés, et s'interrogent encore, sur les mécanismes qui font agir les Hommes, sur leurs motivations conscientes et inconscientes, qui poussent à tel ou tel comportement. Comment chacun trouve-t-il, ou ne trouve-t-il pas sa place dans la Société ? d'où vient l'ambition de certains, les désirs, les motivations ? Beaucoup de théories ont été échafaudées, plus ou moins étayées par des observations, et souvent contestées. Ainsi, contrairement aux sciences dures, il est difficile d'appliquer strictement les critères de réfutabilité de Popper (voir article) au vu d'observations apparemment contraires à la théorie. Cependant, toutes imprécises qu'elles soient, ces règles peuvent permettre d'expliquer ou de décrypter certains comportements, de comprendre leur cause et donc d'être à même de réagir de la manière la plus appropriée. Pour qu'une théorie du comportement soit acceptable, elle doit de plus être explicable. La socialisation Related:  Filosofia

40 Belief-Shaking Remarks From a Ruthless Nonconformist If there’s one thing Friedrich Nietzsche did well, it’s obliterate feel-good beliefs people have about themselves. He has been criticized for being a misanthrope, a subvert, a cynic and a pessimist, but I think these assessments are off the mark. I believe he only wanted human beings to be more honest with themselves. He did have a remarkable gift for aphorism — he once declared, “It is my ambition to say in ten sentences what others say in a whole book.” A hundred years after his death, Nietzsche retains his disturbing talent for turning a person’s worldview upside-down with one jarring remark. Even today his words remain controversial. Here are 40 unsympathetic statements from the man himself. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. More of Nietzsche’s genius here. Have a lot on your mind? Everyday mindfulness has transformed my life, and the lives of many others.

Some Moral Dilemmas The Trolley Problem, not in Grassian. Suggested by Philippa Foot (1920-2010), daughter of Esther, the daughter of President Grover Cleveland, but of British birth because of her father, William Sidney Bence Bosanquet. A trolley is running out of control down a track. This is a classic "right vs. good" dilemma. The Costly Underwater Tunnel Compare: 112 men were killed during the construction of Hoover Dam on the Nevada-Arizona border (the "official" number was 98, but others had died from causes more difficult to identify -- or easier to ignore -- like by carbon monoxide poisoning): The first to die was a surveyor, J.G. with a return to a completely unfamiliar Earth, against what seems to be genuine love for Preston, with a life in what actually are rather comfortable circumstances in the spaceship.

Philosophy Index The Postmodern Condition by Jean-Francois Lyotard. 1979 Jean-François Lyotard (1979) Source: The Postmodern Condition (1979) publ. Manchester University Press, 1984. The First 5 Chapters of main body of work are reproduced here. 1. Our working hypothesis is that the status of knowledge is altered as societies enter what is known as the postindustrial age and cultures enter what is known as the postmodern age. Rather than painting a picture that would inevitably remain incomplete, I will take as my point of departure a single feature, one that immediately defines our object of study. These technological transformations can be expected to have a considerable impact on knowledge. The nature of knowledge cannot survive unchanged within this context of general transformation. We may thus expect a thorough exteriorisation of knowledge with respect to the “knower,” at whatever point he or she may occupy in the knowledge process. Knowledge ceases to be an end in itself, it loses its “use-value.” 2. But these truisms are fallacious. 3. 4.

Gilles Deleuze Gilles Deleuze "A schizophrenic out for a walk is a better model than a neurotic lying on the analyst's couch. A breath of fresh air, a relationship with the outside world." -Deleuze & Guattari "Revolutionaries, artists, and seers are content to be objective, merely objective: they know that desire clasps life in its powerfully productive embrace, and reproduces it in a way that is all the more intense because it has few needs. -Deleuze & Guattari Links Recommended Reading Anti-Oedipus : Capitalism and Schizophreniaby Gilles Deleuze, Felix Guattari, Helen R. Bergsonismby Gilles Deleuze, Hugh Tomlinson (Translator), Barbara Habberjam (Translator) Our Price: $10.40 Capital Times : Tales from the Conquest of Timeby Eric Alliez, Gilles Deleuze, Georges Van Den Abbeele (Translator), Georges Van Den Abbeele (Translator) Our Price: $24.95 Cinema 1 : Movement-Imageby Gilles Deleuze, Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) Our Price: $18.95 Essays Critical and Clinicalby Gilles Deleuze, Daniel W.

Postmodernism or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism by Fredric Jameson Fredric Jameson (1991) Postmodernism or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism Source: Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism Verso, 1991. Just two sections from Chapter 1 reproduced here. The last few years have been marked by an inverted millenarianism in which premonitions of the future, catastrophic or redemptive, have been replaced by senses of the end of this or that (the end of ideology, art, or social class; the “crisis” of Leninism, social democracy, or the welfare state, etc., etc.); taken together, all of these perhaps constitute what is increasingly called postmodernism. The case for its existence depends on the hypothesis of some radical break or coupure, generally traced back to the end of the 1950s or the early 1960s. As the word itself suggests, this break is most often related to notions of the waning or extinction of the hundred-year-old modern movement (or to its ideological or aesthetic repudiation).

Idee e teorie filosofiche più rilevanti dell'ultimo secolo La mappa interattiva di storia della filosofia fatta con migliaia di citazioni | Hello! World Immaginiamo un grande appassionato di filosofia che prenda “l’Abbagnano“, un manuale di filosofia contemporanea, molti libri d’autore, e si metta a compilare—più per chiarire alcune idee a se stesso che per fare un favore agli altri—una singolare “mappa” di storia della filosofia da Eraclito, Epicuro, Epitteto, fino a Deleuze e oltre, passando per Cartesio, Kant, Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer e Nietzsche. Una mappa enorme, fatta di citazioni e concetti chiave dei filosofi disposti in ordine cronologico ma anche collegati in base alle affinità e alle divergenze. Bene, quell’appassionato esiste, solo che non ha usato l’Abbagnano perché è un designer turco. Nel bellissimo progetto The history of philosophy summarized and visualizaed interagiscono la propensione “enciclopedica” dell’autore e il suo talento per la realizzazione di outline allo stesso tempo belli e rigorosi. Questo è il mio riassunto di storia della filosofia occidentale. Insomma, una magnifica originale dispensa.

The History of Philosophy - Summarized & Visualized This is my summary of the history of Western philosophy showing the positive/negative connections between some of the key ideas/arguments/statements of the philosophers. It is not an automated text analysis project; the content and the connections are the result of my years of reading and taking notes, so it’s a never-ending work-in-progress. It started with Bryan Magee’s The Story of Philosophy and Thomas Baldwin’s Contemporary Philosophy as the main references but it keeps expanding with dozens of others. First off, let me announce that though I read my share of philosophy and have a good grasp of the fields/philosophers I’m interested in, I’m not a historian of philosophy. What exactly am I doing? Maybe you can complain that I have low standards for a connection in general. I am of course aware that not everybody is here and the arguments-connections of the included philosophers aren’t exhaustive. — Deniz Cem Önduygu

Values Explanations > Values About values | Historical values | Research on values | So what? Values is a confusing word that often gets confused with 'value' as in the value you get from buying a cheap, but well-built house. Values are, in fact powerful drivers of how we think and behave. About values Value categories: different spheres into which we place values. Historical values American Values: A list of traditional US cultural values. Research on values Career Anchors: identified by Edgar Schein as shapers of what we do. Values are also often a significant element of culture, where they form a part of the shared ruleset of a group. When I break my values, I will feel shame and guilt. Know the the values to which the other person will subscribe (these are often common sense) as well as the actual values they enact in practice (watch them for this). Beware of the values in practice which can be harmful to you (will they betray you?). See also Social Norms, Guilt, Repulsion, Pride, Shame