How Sadness Skews our Rationality | Praxis Down in the dumps? You’d better watch your wallet, among other things. We all face dozens of choices every day between instant gratification and delayed rewards, perhaps too often opting for the immediate pleasure. The biases that accompany the blues could be contributing to America’s scourge of credit card debt, rampant obesity and even the growing national debt. Scrutinizing the so-called “sadder is wiser” adage in the context of intertemporal choices, Lerner, Ye Li and Elke Weber conducted three experiments to see how mood affects financial decisions. How did sadness skew the subjects’ choices? Sad participants were more impatient than neutral participants in their choices, i.e., more willing to forego larger rewards in the future to obtain smaller rewards now. Specifically, sad participants settled for $37 today rather than $85 in three months’ time, but neutral participants demanded $56 today to give up a claim the same future pay-out.
Using Affirmations - Stress Management from MindTools Harnessing Positive Thinking Use positive thinking to your advantage. © iStockphoto/hometowncd "I'm never going to be able to do this job; I'm just not smart enough." "Why does my boss want me to present at the trade show? "I wish I could stick up for myself at work; in every meeting, I let the others walk over my ideas. Many of us have negative thoughts like these, sometimes on a regular basis. The problem with these negative thoughts is that they can be self-fulfilling. This is why consciously doing the opposite – using positive affirmations – can be helpful. Why Use Affirmations? Affirmations are positive, specific statements that help you to overcome self-sabotaging, negative thoughts. While there's limited research into the effectiveness of using affirmations in a general setting, there is evidence that the use of positive affirmations can successfully treat people with low self-esteem, depression, and other mental health conditions. Note: When to Use Positive Affirmations Tip: Tip 2:
12 Quick Tips To Search Google Like An Expert If you’re like me, you probably use Google many times a day. But chances are, unless you're a technology geek, you probably still use Google in its simplest form. If your current use of Google is limited to typing in a few words and changing your query until you find what you’re looking for, then I’m here to tell you that there’s a better way -- and it’s not hard to learn. On the other hand, even if you are a technology geek and can use Google like the best of them already, I still suggest you bookmark this article of advanced Google search tips. The following advanced Google search tips are based on my own experience and things that I actually find useful. For even more Google tips, download our free guide here. Here's an overview of some of the most useful Google search tricks. Step 1) Explicit Phrase Let's say you're searching on Google for content about inbound marketing. Example Search: "inbound marketing" Step 2) Exclude Words Example Search: inbound marketing -advertising
100 Excellent Art Therapy Exercises for Your Mind, Body, and Soul January 9th, 2011 Pablo Picasso once said, "Art washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life." It's no surprise, then, that many people around the world use art as a means to deal with stress, trauma and unhappiness – or to just find greater peace and meaning in their lives. If you're curious about what art therapy has to offer, you can try out some of these great solo exercises at home to help nurse your mind, body and soul back to health. If you like the experience, you can also seek out professional art therapy treatment in your area. Emotions Deal with emotions like anger and sadness through these helpful exercises. Draw or paint your emotions. Relaxation Art therapy can be a great way to relax. Paint to music. Happiness Art can not only help you deal with the bad stuff, but also help you appreciate and focus on the good. Draw your vision of a perfect day. Portraits Often, a great way to get to know yourself and your relationships with others is through portraits. Collaging Self
How to Be Happy at Work Let me start off with a little story. I once knew a saleswoman–young, divorced–who got a diagnosis of breast cancer. She had to work and raise two kids while fighting the cancer. Even so, she managed to be happy at work, noticeably happier than her co-workers. She was not, as it happens, naturally cheerful. That saleswoman once told me: When you're unhappy, it's because you've decided to be unhappy. Maybe it wasn't a conscious decision; maybe it crept up on you while you weren't looking–but it was a decision nonetheless. What Are Your Rules? Happiness and unhappiness (in work and in life) result entirely from the rules in your head that you use to evaluate events. Many people have rules that make it very difficult for them to happy and very easy for them to be miserable. I once worked with a sales guy who was always angry at the people he worked with. For this guy, the everyday nonsense that goes on in every workplace was not just important, but crazy-making important. 1. 2. 3.
Positive psychology Return to Main page. Compiled by William Tillier Calgary Alberta. June, 2012. Table of contents Return to top A). Several early contributions to positive psychology were important including works by Jahoda (1958) and Maslow (1954). Seligman introduced positive psychology as "a movement" during his term as president of the APA in 1998. Positive psychology has been extremely successful on a number of fronts including over 1000 publications, numerous special issues, numerous handbooks, etc. Psychological concerns with happiness did not originate with Seligman. It appears that from its inception, positive psychology has been plagued by a number of inherent and significant problems. Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi criticized popular psychology and the various "unscientific" applications and self–help movements that developed as spinoffs of humanistic psychology. Positive experiences, positive emotions and strengths of character are also paramount in this approach. Common acronyms encountered: B).
PERMA Model - Career Development from MindTools Bringing Well-Being and Happiness to Your Life Put yourself on the road to happiness. © iStockphoto/silberkorn We all want to be happy. When we're happy, we're productive, we're good at building meaningful relationships with those around us, and... we feel great! However, happiness is a notoriously difficult thing to pin down, and by focusing on it too intensely, we can end up feeling unfulfilled. In this article we'll look at the PERMA Model. About the Model The PERMA Model was developed by respected positive psychologist, Martin Seligman, and was widely published in his influential 2011 book, "Flourish." "PERMA" stands for the five essential elements that should be in place for us to experience lasting well-being. 1. For us to experience well-being, we need positive emotion in our lives. 2. When we're truly engaged in a situation, task, or project, we experience a state of flow : time seems to stop, we lose our sense of self, and we concentrate intensely on the present. 3. 4. 5. Engagement
Stop Wasting Time on Things that Don't Have a Purpose in Your Life Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner: Rare Photos, 1949 Is he the greatest living painter in the United States? That was the direct, provocative question asked in an August 1949 LIFE magazine article that helped cement Jackson Pollock’s reputation. It was a question Pollock spent much of the rest of his life struggling to answer — while desperately hoping to show the skeptics why LIFE was right to even ask such a monumental question in the first place. As the single most recognizable practitioner of Abstract Expressionism — the movement that put America and, specifically, post-World War II New York at the epicenter of painting’s avant-garde — Pollock was a genuine art star. But he soon abandoned the radical “drip” technique that had earned him both fame and, among some art critics, vilification and spent the last few years of his life battling the twin demons of depression and alcoholism. Today, a painting from Pollock’s “drip period” can fetch north of $100 million at auction.
10 Questions That Create Success Think that success means making lots of money? Think again. Pictures of dead presidents have never made anybody happy. And how can you be successful if you're not happy? And buying things with that all money isn't much better. Real success comes from the quality of your relationships and the emotions that you experience each day. Ask them at the end of each day and I absolutely guarantee that you'll become more successful. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Here's the thing. These questions force you to focus on what's really important.
Positive Psychology Manifesto | Optimal Functioning - positive psychology & physical health The Positive Psychology Manifesto was created during the first Akumal meeting in 1999 and revised during the second Akumal meeting in 2000 by the following authors: Ken Sheldon, Barbara Frederickson, Kevin Rathunde, Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi, and Jonathan Haidt. Definition of Positive Psychology: “Positive Psychology is the scientific study of optimal human functioning. It aims to discover and promote the factors that allow individuals and communities to thrive. The positive psychology movement represents a new commitment on the part of research psychologists to focus attention upon the sources of psychological health, thereby going beyond prior emphases upon disease and disorder.” (Sheldon, Fredrickson, Rathunde, Csikszentmihalyi, & Haidt, 2000) Goals of Positive Psychology: “To meet these objectives we must consider optimal functioning at multiple levels, including biological, experiential, personal, relational, institutional, cultural, and global. Applications of Positive Psychology:
Boost Employee Engagement in Just 30 Minutes per Month « Leadership.BlogNotions - Thoughts from Industry Experts I’m going to admit right now that that title is slightly misleading, but only slightly. You really do have the power to make a measurable, positive impact on employee engagement. The secret is for you to spend as little as 30 minutes with each employee that you directly manage at least once a month. These mini-meetings, called one to one meetings, are so powerful in moving the needle on employee engagement because of the relationship they cement not only between company and employee but especially between manager and employee, the most impactful relationship of all for both employee satisfaction and employee engagement. One to one meetings are your chance to engage that employee in meaningful conversation about their role in the company. So why do these simple meetings fail to happen more than they do? Meet Bill Bill ran operations for a mid-size professional services firm. One of the most glaring issues about the firm was that nobody cared. Taking Bill from Unprofessional to Professional
25 Things You Keep In Your Life That Are Only Holding You Back 1. The phone numbers of people that never, ever call you or text you first, and often don’t even respond when you text them. 2. Mean or uncomfortable exchanges with people — either in your text or internet history — that you occasionally go over and re-read because they make you feel angry and terrible all over again. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. For more good advice and inspiration, read The Truth About Everything here.
The Next Breadbasket Using hand tools and draft animals, a family harvests wheat in Ethiopia’s famine-prone highlands. Education has helped small farmers become more efficient, but wheat yields are still a third below the world’s average. With more than a third of Ethiopians malnourished, the government is courting industrial farms to help close the gap. By Joel K. Bourne, Jr. Photographs by Robin Hammond She never saw the big tractor coming. “No one even talked to me,” the 45-year-old Chirime says, her voice rising with anger. Chirime’s situation is hardly unique. Sugarcane hawkers await customers on the Nacala railway in northern Mozambique, where Brazil and Japan hope to turn 35 million acres of small farms over to industrial-scale soybean production. Though some corporate farms have pushed small growers off their land, Bananalandia, a 3,500-acre enterprise near Maputo, has improved life for the locals. Many of those hurdles are now falling. It’s an optimistic vision, for sure.