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Lebanon

Lebanon ( The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history.[8] Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. 1550–539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. Etymology[edit] The name Lebanon originates from the Semitic root LBN (لبن), meaning "white", likely a reference to the snow-capped Mount Lebanon.[14] Occurrences of the name have been found in different texts from the library of Ebla,[15] which date to the third millennium BC, nearly 70 times in the Hebrew Bible, and three of the twelve tablets of the Epic of Gilgamesh (perhaps as early as 2100 BC).[16] The name is recorded in Ancient Egyptian as Rmnn, where R stood for Canaanite L.[17] History[edit] Related:  Wikipedia B

Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan Location map of Hell's Kitchen in Manhattan. Once a bastion of poor and working-class Irish Americans, Hell's Kitchen's proximity to Midtown has changed it over the last three decades of the 20th century and into the new millennium. The 1969 edition of the City Planning Commission's Plan for New York City reported that development pressures related to its Midtown location were driving people of modest means from the area. Today, the area is gentrifying. Geography[edit] Southern boundary Eastern boundary Northern boundary Western boundary The western boundary is the Hudson River. Name[edit] Hell's Kitchen gear for sale in the Video Cafe on Ninth Avenue Several explanations exist for the original name. When, in 1835, Davy Crockett said, "In my part of the country, when you meet an Irishman, you find a first-rate gentleman; but these are worse than savages; they are too mean to swab hell's kitchen." Local historian Mary Clark explained the name thus: Alternative names[edit] History[edit] Other Areas

Economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina This page discusses the Economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina since Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 and the declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992. Overview[edit] Bosnia and Herzegovina faces the dual problem of rebuilding a war-torn country and introducing Neo-liberal market reforms to its former mixed economy. One legacy of the previous era is strong metal industry; under former republic premier Džemal Bijedić,and Yugoslav president Tito, metal industries were promoted in the republic, resulting in the development of a large share of Yugoslavia's metal industry plants. The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused production to plummet by 80% from 1992 to 1995 and unemployment to soar. The konvertibilna marka (convertible mark or BAM)- the national currency introduced in 1998 - is pegged to the euro, and confidence in the currency and the banking sector has increased. Macro-economic trend[edit] Present[edit] Sarajevo[edit]

Prambanan Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta on the boundary between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces.[1] The temple compound, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the towering 47-metre-high (154 ft) central building inside a large complex of individual temples.[2] Prambanan attracts many visitors from across the world.[3] Etymology[edit] History[edit] Construction[edit] The Prambanan temple compound amid the morning mist. Abandonment[edit] Rediscovery[edit] The ruins of Prambanan c. 1895, soon after their rediscovery.

History of Albania The territorial nucleus of the Albanian state formed in the Middle Ages, as the Principality of Arbër and the Sicilian dependency known as the Kingdom of Albania. The first records of the Albanian people as a distinct ethnicity also date to this period. The area was part of the Serbian Empire, passing to the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. The communist regime collapsed in 1990, and the former communist Party of Labour of Albania was routed in elections in March 1992, amid economic collapse and social unrest. Prehistory[edit] The first traces of human presence in Albania were found in the village Xarrë, near Sarandë and Mount Dajt near Tiranë dating to the Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic eras.[2] The objects found in a cave near Xarrë include flint and jasper objects and fossilized animal bones, while those found at Mount Dajt comprise bone and stone tools similar to those of the Aurignacian culture. Antiquity[edit] Illyrians[edit] Greeks[edit] Roman Era[edit] Middle Ages[edit]

Borobudur Borobudur, or Barabudur, is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist Temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument consists of six square platforms topped by three circular platforms and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues.[1] A main dome, located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside a perforated stupa. It is the world’s largest Buddhist temple,[2][3] as well as one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world.[4] Evidence suggests Borobudur was constructed in the 9th century and abandoned following the 14th-century decline of Hindu kingdoms in Java and the Javanese conversion to Islam.[7] Worldwide knowledge of its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of Java, who was advised of its location by native Indonesians. Etymology[edit] Borobudur stupas overlooking a mountain. The name Bore-Budur, and thus BoroBudur, is thought[by whom?] Location[edit] Ancient lake[edit]

Austria Travel Notes Short URL: - National Anthem of Austria. Austria, Österreich in German, is an Alpine country; once you get out of Vienna. Austria Travel Brochures. Quick Links About Austria, Austrian Cities, Austrian Culture, Austrian Media, Austrian Tourism, Austria Travel Guides, Budget Accommodation in Austria, Map of Austria, Regional Austria. Driving From Graz, Driving From Innsbruck, Driving From Salzburg, Driving From Vienna. Budget Airlines Countries neighbouring Austria are: Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy and Slovenia. Weather in Austria View a graphical weather forecast for the week ahead in places around Austria. The Danube runs across the north of the country, from Passau through Linz and Vienna and out towards Bratislava. Of Austria's numerous lakes, two of them form borders with her neighbours. There's also some cycle activity around the Neusiedlersee - Fertö, in Hungarian. Austrian Regions: Austria is divided into nine provinces.

Kalasan History[edit] Also to build a vihara (monastery) for buddhist monks from Sailendra family's realm. Panangkaran awarded the Kalaça village to sangha (buddhist monastic community).[1] According to the date of this inscription, Kalasan temple is the oldest among temples built in the Prambanan Plain. Despite being renovated and partially rebuilt during the Dutch colonial era, the temple currently is in poor condition. Compared to other temples nearby such as Prambanan, Sewu, and Sambisari the temple is not well maintained. Architecture[edit] The giant Kala's head on the southern door One of the niches on the wall of Kalasan temple adorned with carvings of Kala giant and scene of deities in svargaloka The roof of the temple is designed in three sections. The temple is facing east, with eastern room also served as access to main central room. On the outer wall of the temple found the traces of plaster called vajralepa (lit: diamond plaster). See also[edit] Candi of Indonesia Notes[edit] Coordinates:

History of East Timor East Timor is a country in Southeast Asia, officially known as Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. The country comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor and the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco. The first inhabitants are thought to be descendant of Australoid and Melanesian peoples. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975, but was invaded by neighboring Indonesia nine days later. Pre-colonial history[edit] The island of Timor was populated as part of the human migrations that have shaped Australasia more generally. Around 3000 BC, a second migration brought Melanesians. The later Timorese were not seafarers, rather they were land focussed peoples who did not make contact with other islands and peoples by sea. Early European explorers report that the island had a number of small chiefdoms or princedoms in the early 16th century. Portuguese rule[edit] Decolonisation, coup, and independence[edit] Parties compete, foreign powers take interest[edit]

Sewu History[edit] Construction[edit] According to the Kelurak inscription (dated from 782) and Manjusrigrha inscription (dated from 792), which was found in 1960, the original name of the temple complex was probably "Manjusri grha" (The House of Manjusri). The Manjusrigrha temple was the largest Buddhist temple built in Prambanan Plain region, predates the nearby Prambanan Shivaist temple by over 70 years, and predates Borobudur for about 37 years. The temple was probably expanded and completed during Rakai Pikatan's rule, a prince whom married to a Buddhist princess of Sailendra dynasty, Pramodhawardhani. Rediscovery[edit] A lithograph of Tjandi Sewoe ruins near Prambanan, circa 1859. The Sewu and Prambanan temple attracted international attention in early 19th century during colonial Dutch East Indies era. Sewu main temple before reconstruction. In 1867 Van Kinsbergen took some photographs of Candi Sewu, after an earthquake had caused the dome in main temple collapsed. The main temple[edit]

US is no longer a full democracy, EIU warns America's score fell to 7.98 last year from 8.05 in 2015, below the 8.00 threshold for a full democracy, the EIU announced in a report on Wednesday. That put the world's largest economy on the same footing as Italy, a country known for its fractious politics. A flawed democracy is a country with free elections but weighed down by weak governance, an underdeveloped political culture and low levels of political participation, according to the EIU. Other flawed democracies in 2016 included Japan, France, Singapore, South Korea and India, the report said. However, Washington can't point fingers at President Donald Trump for the nation's downgrade. "The U.S. has been teetering on the brink of becoming a flawed democracy for several years, and even if there had been no presidential election in 2016, its score would have slipped below 8.00," the report explained. "Trust in political institutions is an essential component of well-functioning democracies.

Kohlberg Kravis Roberts KKR & Co. L.P. (formerly known as Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co.) is an American multinational private equity firm, specializing in leveraged buyouts, headquartered in New York. The firm sponsors and manages private equity investment funds. The firm was founded in 1976 by Jerome Kohlberg, Jr., and cousins Henry Kravis and George R. KKR is headquartered in New York City with 13 additional offices in the United States, Europe and Asia.[1] In October 2009, KKR listed shares in the company, through KKR & Co. an affiliate that holds 30% of the firm's ownership equity, with the remainder held by the firm's partners. The Firm KKR[edit] KKR is operated by its managing partners Henry Kravis and George R. KKR invests primarily through leveraged buyouts as well as growth capital investments (including "PIPE" investments in public companies). Investment funds and other affiliates[edit] Private equity funds[edit] Source: Preqin,[12] SEC Filings[2] KKR Financial[edit] KKR Private Equity Investors[edit]

History of Italy History of Italy can be said to have started in the 20th century BC, when earliest accounts record the presence of Italic peoples in present-day central Italy. Linguistically, they were divided into Oscans, Umbrians and Latins. Later the Latin culture became dominant, as Rome emerged as a powerful city-state around 350 BC. The Roman Empire later dominated Western Europe and the Mediterranean for many centuries, making immeasurable contributions to humanity. The new Kingdom of Italy, established in 1861, quickly modernized and built a large colonial empire, colonizing parts of Africa, and countries along the Mediterranean. In 1946, as a result of a Constitutional Referendum, the monarchy was abolished.[2] The new republic was proclaimed on 2 June 1946. Origins of the name[edit] The name "Italy" (Italia) can be traced back to ancient times for the peninsula, though it was initially designated for the region of the lower part of Southern Italy by Greek settlers. Prehistoric Italy[edit]

Nefertari Nefertari, also known as Nefertari Meritmut, was one of the Great Royal Wives (or principal wives) of Ramesses the Great.[1] Nefertari means 'Beautiful Companion' and Meritmut means 'Beloved of [the Goddess] Mut'. She is one of the best known Egyptian queens, next to Cleopatra, Nefertiti and Hatshepsut. Her lavishly decorated tomb, QV66, is the largest and most spectacular in the Valley of the Queens. Ramesses also constructed a temple for her at Abu Simbel next to his colossal monument here. Titles[edit] Nefertari held many different titles, including: Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Sweet of Love (bnrt-mrwt), Lady of Grace (nbt-im3t), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), Great King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-niswt-wrt meryt.f), Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy), Lady of all Lands (hnwt-t3w-nbw), Wife of the Strong Bull (hmt-k3-nxt), God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (hnwt-Shm’w-mhw).[2] Ramesses II also named her 'The one for whom the sun shines'. Family[edit]

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