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Variation Theory - Instructional Approaches - What teachers should know about learning science theory Variation Theory Definition Marton and Booth’s Theory of Variation (1997) is drawn from the phenomenographical research tradition. According to Marton’s Theory of Variation, discernment of critical features occurs under systematic interaction between a learner and the thing to be learnt, and variation is the agent that generates such interaction (Marton, Runesson, & Tsui, 2004). Phenomenography argues that individuals understand phenomena in the world differently because experience is always partial.

4 critical mistakes that inventors make Like most history, the narratives of innovation tend to be written by — and about — the victors. The traditional timeline of historic breakthroughs will almost surely include the Wright Brothers and the invention of the airplane in 1903 and Tim Berners-Lee and the advent of the World Wide Web in 1989. But the history of invention is filled with just as many heroic mistakes and creative failures. Here are a few of my favorite missteps and lessons:

A Simple Gamification Framework / Cheat Sheet - Gamified UK Rating: 5.0. From 4 votes. Please wait... Objectives Builder Use the ASU Online Objectives Builder tool below to write measurable course outcomes and learning objectives. About Learning Objectives Learning Objectives are statements that describe the specific knowledge, skills, or abilities student will be able to demonstrate in the real world as a result of completing a lesson. Learning objectives should not be assignment-specific, however, an assignment should allow students to demonstrate they have achieved the lesson objective(s). All of the learning objectives should support the course outcomes.

Mediated learning and foreign language acquisition 1Specialists in the area of motivation, Wlodkowski (1993) to name but one, argue convincingly that it is the root of success in any learning situation. It is the root of success particularly in learning contexts such as ours where students who are specialists in other, frequently scientific areas, are not always as co-operative as one may hope. Doubtless, if many of our students find learning a foreign language just a little taxing to say the least, if they give the impression that minimum effort is the only approach, if it seems that they would rather be elsewhere, then there must be a reason. The reason is that they are not interested in the process, all they want is the finished product.

Facebook Plans to Beam Internet to Backwaters with Lasers Engineers from Facebook’s Connectivity Lab have published details of a new optical technology to help laser beams deliver fast Internet access to remote areas. Lasers are an attractive way to send data over significant distances. Not only can they hold a lot of information and propagate a long way, they also don’t require dedicated spectrum like cellular networks, which means they can be used to set up ad hoc data links to off-grid locations. And because they use line-of-sight light transmission, more than one can be used in the same area without interference. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning Peer-reviewed scholarly articles in English can be found at the "Peer-reviewed articles" page and in the respective archive. Non-refereed articles on project reports, case studies, work in progress, fresh ideas and other contributions that support communication between the EDEN membership and the wider European ODeL community can be found at the "Brief Items" page and the respective archive. Non-English articles are welcome with an abstract in English. Book reviews can be found at the "Review" page and the respective archive. Subscribers can follow the availability of new journal issues and related news from EDEN by the regular e-mail notification and RSS as well as get access to interactive services such as commenting and discussion board. Subscription, which is free of charge, is possible by joining the EURODL mailing list on the "Subscription" page.

MDA framework - Wikipedia Mechanics, Dynamics and Aesthetics from the perspectives of designer (blue) and player (green). In game design the Mechanics-Dynamics-Aesthetics (MDA) framework is a tool used to analyze games. It formalizes the consumption of games by breaking them down into three components - Mechanics, Dynamics and Aesthetics. These three words have been used informally for many years to describe various aspects of games, but the MDA framework provides precise definitions for these terms and seeks to explain how they relate to each other and influence the player's experience.

Archived Webinar: Learn the Essentials of Data Visualization - MethodSpace Categories: Opportunities, Webinar Tags: Data Visualization, Webinar Earlier this month, we held the webinar, Learn the essentials of data visualization, with Stephanie Evergreen, a US-based expert on using research to present data effectively, and Andy Kirk, a UK-based apostle for better designed data visualization.