40 inventive principles
This format for the 40 Inventive Principles and the accompanying examples was developed by Karen Tate and Ellen Domb for their class, "Practical Innovation." which was the subject of the article "How to Help TRIZ Beginners Succeed") in the April, 1997 issue of the TRIZ Journal. Readers have permission to download single copies for personal study. Principle 1. Segmentation Divide an object into independent parts. Replace mainframe computer by personal computers. Principle 2. Separate an interfering part or property from an object, or single out the only necessary part (or property) of an object. Principle 3. Change an object's structure from uniform to non-uniform, change an external environment (or external influence) from uniform to non-uniform. Principle 4. A. Principle 5. Bring closer together (or merge) identical or similar objects, assemble identical or similar parts to perform parallel operations. Principle 6. Principle 7. Principle 8. Principle 9. Principle 10. Principle 11.
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