Top 10 Thinking Traps Exposed Our minds set up many traps for us. Unless we’re aware of them, these traps can seriously hinder our ability to think rationally, leading us to bad reasoning and making stupid decisions. Features of our minds that are meant to help us may, eventually, get us into trouble. Here are the first 5 of the most harmful of these traps and how to avoid each one of them. 1. “Is the population of Turkey greater than 35 million? Lesson: Your starting point can heavily bias your thinking: initial impressions, ideas, estimates or data “anchor” subsequent thoughts. This trap is particularly dangerous as it’s deliberately used in many occasions, such as by experienced salesmen, who will show you a higher-priced item first, “anchoring” that price in your mind, for example. What can you do about it? Always view a problem from different perspectives. 2. In one experiment a group of people were randomly given one of two gifts — half received a decorated mug, the other half a large Swiss chocolate bar. 3. 4.
Top 10 Logical Fallacies in Politics The human brain is wired all wrong. Those not versed in logic are blissfully unaware of how much our brain messes up the most basic of arguments, leading to the mess of random thoughts, non-sequiturs, cognitive dissonance, white lies, misinformation, and syntax errors that we call consciousness. Luckily, there is one place where all of these logical misteps can be exemplified: politics. What follows is a crash course in some of the most prevelant fallacies we all make, as they appear in modern American politics. President Bush and Senator Kerry, congratulations on making it through an entire televised debate without answering a single question! The man who invented Western philosophy, Aristotle, considered ignoratio elenchi, which roughly translates to "irrelevant thesis," an umbrella term that covered all other logical fallacies. This happens with almost every single question during a formal political debate. Argumentum ad hypocriticum The straw man never has a brain
Ranking of economies - Doing Business Economy Rankings Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business, from 1–190. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm. The rankings are determined by sorting the aggregate distance to frontier scores on 10 topics, each consisting of several indicators, giving equal weight to each topic. = Subnational Doing Business data available. file_download print
Chart: One Year of Prison Costs More Than One Year at Princeton - Brian Resnick - National Monique W. Morris, the co-founder of the National Black Women’s Justice Institute, offers tactics to work against damaging stigmas. The “good girl” and “bad girl” dichotomy, as chronicled by Monique W. Morris in Pushout: The Criminalization of Black Girls in Schools, is a condition that has plagued black girls and women for time immemorial. Society’s deeply entrenched expectations of black girls—influenced by racism and patriarchy—has led to a ritual whereby these young women are often mischaracterized, and mislabeled because of how they look, dress, speak, and act. As evidence, Morris offers the historical account of a black teen named Claudette Colvin, who refused to relinquish her bus seat to a white passenger in March 1955 before Rosa Parks made history with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. As Pushout documents, these are hardly isolated cases.
Using Photographs to Teach Social Justice Printer-friendly version Objectives: Each lesson in the series builds background knowledge about a particular social justice issue and addresses at least one English language arts skill. The lesson objectives also promote critical thinking skills. Here are some of the issues and skills addressed in the lessons: understand that people experience injustices understand why and how people take action to address injustice recognize how experiences are shaped by membership in groups defined by race, gender, socioeconomic status, culture, ethnicity, ability recognize how the historical moment and the social context shape experiencedevelop empathy for people whose experiences differ from their own. They should also help students “read” photographs by getting them to: Essential Questions: How do photographs convey meaning? Students like photographs. In addition, the lessons will expand students’ knowledge of social justice issues. THEME 1: Understanding People’s Perspectives 1: Exploring Identity
5 Ways Students Can Visually Explore the News My background as a social studies teacher will show through in this post. One of the perks of being social studies teachers is that current news events tie into so many things that we do in our classrooms. There are plenty of good resources for teachers to find current events stories that are relevant and appropriate for students. But sometimes you might want students to explore the news on their own. For those times, here are five ways that students can visually explore the news. Ten by Ten is a unique program that links images with news stories. The AP Timeline Reader gives readers a way to create custom timeline displays of the type of news stories that matter to them. Newseum's Today's Front Pages is a series of nine maps that display the current front page of major newspapers around the world. Newspaper Map is a neat tool for locating and reading newspapers from locations all around the world.
Why Are We So Afraid of Creativity? Creativity: now there’s a word I thought I wouldn’t see under attack. Don’t we live in a society that thrives on the idea of innovation and creative thought? The age of the entrepreneur, of the man of ideas, of Steve Jobs and the think different motto? Well, yes and no. That is, indisputably yes on the surface. We're not always willing to take the risks that come with innovation. As a general rule, we dislike uncertainty. Creativity, on the other hand, requires novelty. Consider a common paradox: organizations, institutions, and individual decision makers often reject creative ideas even as they state openly that creativity is, to them, an important and sometimes even central goal. As Matthew Pearl reminds us in his new historical thriller, The Technologists (out this week), this general distrust of innovation is nothing new. William Barton Rogers, the founder and first president of MIT. Luckily, we know how this particular story ends.
Who's Proud to Be an American? February 8, 2005 by Joseph Carroll, Gallup Poll Assistant Editor Americans are extremely proud of their country. Overall Results In 2001, when Gallup first asked this question, 55% of Americans said they were "extremely" proud to be Americans. How proud are you to be an American -- extremely proud, very proud, moderately proud, only a little proud, or not at all proud? Pride and Politics Party Affiliation Republicans have been more inclined to express pride than Democrats when Gallup has asked this question. In 2001, just days before Bush was sworn in as president, Gallup found a 10-point difference between Republicans (including Republican leaners) and Democrats (including Democratic leaners) who said they were extremely proud to be American. In January 2001, roughly 6 in 10 Republicans said they were extremely proud to be American. Among Democrats, the "extremely proud" percentage increased from a low 52% in 2001 to a high of 61% in 2002 and 2003. Political Ideology Pride and Race
7 Free Online News Games That Are Based On World Affairs & News Events Free news based online games are also important educational tools. We have seen how history can be spiced up with interactivity. The same holds true for teaching kids about current affairs and world events through a fun tool like news games. The games may not reflect news as it is happening right now, but they are still fun to play. You can relive an alternate reality and again understand a bit of why an event became newsworthy in the first place. Breaking News Games The name of this online Flash based game site reveals the purpose. NewsGaming The news gaming site has only two games on its roster but they are worth a few clicks of the mouse. Darfur is Dying Darfur is Dying is a viral video game that was released in 2006. Spent This game on American unemployment remains topical, because joblessness continues under Obama’s presidency. You Shall Know The Truth If you are for free journalism then you will like this darkly satirical game about the attacks on Wikileaks. Leaky World
Mapping U.S. Foreign Debt: How Much We Owe and to Whom Inspired by the visualization Our Mountain of Debt by the Washington Post, we mapped how much the United States owes to foreign countries and to whom. Our goal with this visualization was to show which countries are lending us money and to let people interact with data on a country by country basis to see how this lending has changed over time. For example, mousing over the large dot on China shows that Chinese lending to the United States has gone from $59 billion ten years ago to more than $1.15 trillion today, or one quarter of the total foreign owned debt of $4.45 trillion. We made this map using TileMill, our open source map design studio, and it's powered by TileStream, our map hosting service. If you'd like to feature this on your website, feel free - here's the embed code.
Everything is a Remix It's the Inequality, Stupid Want more charts like these? See our charts on the secrets of the jobless recovery, the richest 1 percent of Americans, and how the superwealthy beat the IRS. How Rich Are the Superrich? A huge share of the nation's economic growth over the past 30 years has gone to the top one-hundredth of one percent, who now make an average of $27 million per household. Note: The 2007 data (the most current) doesn't reflect the impact of the housing market crash. Winners Take All The superrich have grabbed the bulk of the past three decades' gains. Download: PDF chart 1 (large) PDF chart 2 (large) | JPG chart 1 (smaller) JPG chart 2 (smaller) Out of Balance A Harvard business prof and a behavioral economist recently asked more than 5,000 Americans how they thought wealth is distributed in the United States. Download: PDF (large) | JPG (smaller) Capitol Gain Why Washington is closer to Wall Street than Main Street. Congressional data from 2009. Download: PDF (large) | JPG (smaller) Who's Winning? Sources