Andy Warhol Andy Warhol (/ˈwɔrhɒl/; August 6, 1928 – February 22, 1987) was an American artist who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. His works explore the relationship between artistic expression, celebrity culture and advertisement that flourished by the 1960s. After a successful career as a commercial illustrator, Warhol became a renowned and sometimes controversial artist. The Andy Warhol Museum in his native city, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, holds an extensive permanent collection of art and archives. It is the largest museum in the United States dedicated to a single artist. Warhol's art encompassed many forms of media, including hand drawing, painting, printmaking, photography, silk screening, sculpture, film, and music. Early life (1928–1949) In third grade, Warhol had Sydenham's chorea (also known as St. As a teenager, Warhol graduated from Schenley High School in 1945. 1950s 1960s Campbell's Soup I (1968) Attempted murder (1968) 1970s 1980s
Robert Rauschenberg Biography American artist. Milton Ernst Rauschenberg was born on October 22, 1925, in Port Arthur, Texas. He studied at the Kansas City Art Institute (1946–7), the Académie Julien, Paris (1947), and with Josef Albers and John Cage at Black Mountain College, North Carolina (1948–50). Traveling widely, he was based in New York City from 1950, where he and Jasper Johns paved the way for pop art of the 1960s. He worked with the Merce Cunningham Dance Company, New York, as costume and stage designer (1955–64). An imaginative and eclectic artist, he used a mix of sculpture and paint in works he called ‘combines’, as seen in The Bed (1955). Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, he experimented with collage and new ways to transfer photographs. Jasper Johns Detail of Flag (1954-55). Museum of Modern Art, New York City. This image illustrates Johns' early technique of painting with thick, dripping encaustic over a collage made from found materials such as newspaper. This rough method of construction is rarely visible in photographic reproductions of his work. Jasper Johns, Jr. Life Born in Augusta, Georgia, Jasper Johns spent his early life in Allendale, South Carolina, with his paternal grandparents after his parents' marriage failed. Johns studied a total of three semesters at the University of South Carolina, from 1947 to 1948. He then moved to New York City and studied briefly at the Parsons School of Design in 1949. In 1952 and 1953 he was stationed in Sendai, Japan during the Korean War. In 1954, after returning to New York, Johns met Robert Rauschenberg and they became long-term lovers. Work Painting Sculpture Prints Collaborations Commissions Collections Recognition Notes
“On Robert Rauschenberg, Artist, and His Work” (1961) | A YEAR FROM MONDAY To Whom It May Concern: The white paintings came first; my silent piece came later. To Whom No Subject No image No taste No object No beauty No message No talent No technique (no why) No idea No intention No art No feeling No black No white (no and) Hallelujah! Today’s I-Ching reading could not have been more apt. Here are some of the dualisms mentioned in the book: Ch’ien K’un Spirit Nature Heaven Earth Time Space Male-paternal Female-maternal I mention this because I believe there is a correlate between these ideas and those of the Neo-Avant-Garde aesthetic, but because it has a lot of “spiritual” connotations it is generally relegated to footnotes in most academic discussions. This is everywhere in Cage’s writings, and it is an idea that is both beautifully acute and frustratingly obtuse to any thinker who has battled through logic all their lives. There are a few general tropes worth noting in Cage’s commentary on Rauschenberg. The goat. Does his head have a bed in it? I know he put the paint on the tires.
Artists Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 May 1880 – 15 June 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as "degenerate" by the Nazis and in 1937 over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. Early Life and work Marzella (1909–10) In 1905, Kirchner, along with Bleyl and two other architecture students, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Erich Heckel, founded the artists group Die Brücke ("The Bridge"). Their group was one of the seminal ones, which in due course had a major impact on the evolution of modern art in the 20th century and created the style of Expressionism. The group met initially in Kirchner's first studio, which had previously been a butcher's shop. Kirchner's Berlin studio in 1915 Davos
Performance Art Jean Arp Jean Arp / Hans Arp (16 September 1886 – 7 June 1966) was a German-French, or Alsatian, sculptor, painter, poet and abstract artist in other media such as torn and pasted paper. When Arp spoke in German he referred to himself as "Hans", and when he spoke in French he referred to himself as "Jean". Many people believe that he was born Hans and later changed his name to Jean, but this is not the case. Early life Arp was born in Strasbourg as the son of a French mother and a German father, during the period following the Franco-Prussian War when the area was known as Alsace-Lorraine (Elsass-Lothringen in German) after France had ceded it to Germany in 1871. In 1904, after leaving the École des Arts et Métiers in Strasbourg, he went to Paris where he published his poetry for the first time. Career Arp was a founding member of the Dada movement in Zürich in 1916. In 1926, Arp moved to the Paris suburb of Meudon. Exhibitions Recognition Personal life and death
The True Story Behind 'Madonnina' - January 2000 Issue of St. Anthony Messenger Magazine Online This well-known artwork has been widely reproduced on Christmas cards, holy cards and other objects. The original was painted by Roberto Ferruzzi, who was a familiar sight in Italy during the final years of the Victorian era. Although Ferruzzi called the painting “Madonnina,” it is better known today as “Madonna of the Streets.” The location of Ferruzzi’s original painting is unknown. Tragic Childhood Angelina and Antonio Bovo left Italy and settled in Oakland, California, in 1906. His bereft widow, unskilled in English, struggled to provide for her large family. When Mary Bovo was in the fifth grade at a Catholic orphanage, her teacher was Sister Angela. Years later, Mary Bovo entered the Order of Saint Joseph of Carondelet, a venerable French community founded in 1650. Family Secret Revealed Throughout her life, Sister Angela Marie was haunted by questions about her family. With the encouragement of the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Carondelet, Sister Angela Marie went to Italy in 1984.
Origin Peter Blake Peter Blake may refer to: About Marina Abramović | Marina - A Documentary Film about Marina Abramović Marina Abramovic, born in 1946 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, is without question one of the seminal artists of our time. Since the beginning of her career in Yugoslavia during the early 1970s where she attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade, Abramovic has pioneered the use of performance as a visual art form. The body has always been both her subject and medium. Exploring the physical and mental limits of her being, she has withstood pain, exhaustion, and danger in the quest for emotional and spiritual transformation. From 1975 until 1988, Abramovic and the German artist Ulay performed together, dealing with relations of duality. Marina Abramovic has taught and lectured extensively in Europe and America including the Hochschule fur Bildende Kunst in Hamburg, and the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. In 2005, Abramovic presented Balkan Erotic Epic at the Pirelli Foundation in Milan, Italy and at Sean Kelly Gallery, New York.
Eduardo Paolozzi Sir Eduardo Luigi Paolozzi KBE RA (7 March 1924 – 22 April 2005) was a Scottish sculptor and artist. Paolozzi was a major figure in the international art sphere, while, working on his own interpretation and vision of the world. He investigated how we can fit into the modern world to resemble our fragmented civilization through imagination and fantasy. By the dramatic juxtaposition of ideas in his work, he lets us see the confusion as well as the inspiration. Early years Paolozzi's I was a Rich Man's Plaything (1947) is considered the first standard bearer of Pop Art and first to display the word "pop". Paolozzi was born 7 March 1924, in Leith in north Edinburgh, Scotland and was the eldest son of Italian immigrants. Paolozzi studied at the Edinburgh College of Art in 1943, briefly at Saint Martin's School of Art in 1944, and then at the Slade School of Fine Art at University College London from 1944 to 1947, after which he worked in Paris, France. Career Later career
Madonnina (painting) The Madonna of the Streets by Roberto Ferruzzi The Madonnina, commonly known as the Madonna of the Streets, was a painting created by Roberto Ferruzzi (1854-1934) that won the second Venice Biennale in 1897. The models for this painting were Angelina Cian (age 11) and her younger brother.  Although not originally painted as a religious picture, this painting became popularized as an image of the Virgin Mary holding her infant son, and has become the most renowned of Ferruzzi's works. The original painting made its first appearance at an art exhibition in Venice in 1897. John George Alexander Leishman, steel millionaire and diplomat, who died in 1924 in France, bought the painting but not the reproduction rights; he is the last known owner. It is possible that the image entered a private art collection in Pennsylvania the 1950s, but the current location of the original is unknown. The following are several notable uses of the image: Madonna della Strada Madonnina Painting