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Using Primary Sources on the Web

Using Primary Sources on the Web
This brief guide is designed to help students and researchers find and evaluate primary sources available online. Keep in mind as you use this website, the Web is always changing and evolving. If you have questions, please consult your instructor or librarian. Primary sources are the evidence of history, original records or objects created by participants or observers at the time historical events occurred or even well after events, as in memoirs and oral histories. Primary sources may include but are not limited to: letters, manuscripts, diaries, journals, newspapers, maps, speeches, interviews, documents produced by government agencies, photographs, audio or video recordings, born-digital items (e.g. emails), research data, and objects or artifacts (such as works of art or ancient roads, buildings, tools, and weapons). These sources serve as the raw materials historians use to interpret and analyze the past. Additional Explanations and Examples of Primary Sources Benjamin, Jules R.

Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Full Texts Halsall Home | Ancient History Sourcebook | Medieval Sourcebook | Modern History Course Other History Sourcebooks: African | East Asian | Indian | Islamic | Jewish | LGBT | Women's | Global | Science Links to full texts of books available at this and other sites will be listed here. The texts are also integrated within the overall structure of the Sourcebook . This listing is to aid compilers of web guides to online books, etc. The books that tend to have been put online here, or those that have been linked, tend to be those entire books that are often assigned to students in college classes to be read along with the more usual excerpted texts. Martin Luther (1483-1546): Address To The Nobility of the German Nation , 1520, full text Martin Luther (1483-1546): Commentary on the Epistle to the Galatians , 1535, abridged, but very long, Martin Luther (1483-1546): On the Freedom of a Christian , full text Thomas Browne (1605-1682): Religio Medici , 1643 . Richard Hooker (1554? St. St. St. St. St.

History General History Resources American Experience Access to PBS series about American history. Many programs are available online. American Historical Association As the professional organization for historians, the AHA advocates for the profession and provides information, awards and grants, and resources for educators. Archiving Early America This site provides historical documents from 18th century America. A Biography of America This site was designed to be a self-contained college-level history course. Center for History and New Media Links to general history resources as well as specific events. Discover History The National Park Service offers links to Features of People, Places & Stories and Features of Preservation, Guidance & Grants. History & Social Studies This site from the National Endowment for the Humanities provides lesson plans about American history. History Collection University of Pennsylvania Libraries' links to resources with text archives and image sites. National History Day U.S.

Sanborn® Fire Insurance Maps Sanborn® Fire Insurance Maps for Georgia Towns and Cities, 1884-1922 consists of 4,445 maps by the Sanborn Map Company depicting commercial, industrial, and residential areas for 133 municipalities. Originally designed for fire insurance assessment, the color-coded maps relate the location and use of buildings, as well as the materials employed in their construction. The maps indicate which city utilities--such as water and fire service--were available. Fire insurance maps document the changing face of towns and cities, providing highly detailed information for each neighborhood and block. The Library of Congress web site refers to them as "probably the single most important record of urban growth and development in the United States during the past one hundred years." The Sanborn Maps® database is a project of the Digital Library of Georgia as part of Georgia HomePLACE.

Library surveys Library surveys are a useful way to align your library resources and services to meet teacher and student needs. Contents Purpose of your survey: what you want to find outDeciding on who to survey - and whyTips on how to create a good surveyCollection development surveysInformation literacy surveysLibrary use and environment surveysTeacher surveysSurvey methods Purpose of your survey: what you want to find out Have specific goals and purposes in mind before you create your survey. For example, information on favourite genres and authors could be used to: Develop your collection (fiction, non-fiction, magazines, online resources)Engage reluctant readers by shoulder-tapping them with a selection of books they may enjoyInspire displays and shelving decisions Surveying students on their attitudes toward reading at the beginning and end of a year / unit can be a useful way to: Deciding on who to survey - and why Always keep your purpose in mind when deciding who to survey. Teacher surveys

Medieval History Texts Online - Index Public domain etexts here at the Medieval History site These online texts are provided by your Guide here at the Medieval History site. All works are in the public domain and may be freely read, printed, downloaded and distributed. Primary Sources in Translation These documents are modern English translations of texts written during the Middle Ages. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle by multiple authors Translated by Rev. Secondary Sources These documents are public-domain texts written after the Middle Ages. The 1911 Encyclopedia by multiple authors A small but growing selection of articles relating to medieval studies from the 1911 edition of an excellent encyclopedia. x

Internet History Sourcebooks Project Internet History Sourcebooks Project Paul Halsall, Editor Last Modified: Nov 4 2011 | linked pages may have been updated more recently The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use. Update Information 2006: In 2006 the Internet History Sourcebooks Project is undergoing a major overhaul to remove bad links and add more documents. 1. This project is both very large and fairly old in Internet terms. 2. 3. Feedback and Help While I encourage notes, comments and feedback in general, I am unable to reply to all of them. For guidance on homework, research, how people lived/ate/dressed in the past, see the various Help! I am unable to help locate details about your family, or give translations of your name or nickname into Chinese (a very common request)! Statement on Copyright and Fair Use Course Pages by Paul Halsall

What’s our future – school libraries and librarians It disturbs me that we are not seriously thinking about the future of school libraries. This statement will receive incensed objections; teacher librarians are, after all, talking about changes in what we do and how we do it at conferences and in their own libraries. We talk about some of these changes in my own school library – delivering ebooks, providing transferable skills such as critical literacies to our students, delivering online resources. Well shoot me down if I upset you but I still think we’re not getting it. We can’t make changes to our libraries and continue to hold onto the way we’ve always done it. I seriously think we’ll be out of a job soon unless we move along with public libraries and transform what we’re doing. I don’t know about you but I can’t stop thinking about this topic. Just this morning I asked Jenny Luca on Twitter what she would be speaking about at the SLAQ2012 conference. What are the core services of libraries now and in ten year’s time? Like this:

CARRIE: An Electronic Library Reference Special Collections belonging to the Carrie network: AMDOCS: Documents for the Study of American History EuroDocs: Primary Historical Documents From Western Europe maintained by Richard Hacken at Brigham Young University's Harold B. Lee Library, links to Western European (mainly primary) historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated. Jon J.