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For this entry, the previous subject matter was "Original Dictionaries of the 16th & 17th Centuries" and was linked to excellent work done at the University of Toronto. Time has marched on, links disappear. The works have matured and expanded. Our original list was--; Lion (Lyon) Gardiner's legacy--; Diary of Lion Gardiner (1635) The Gardiner Family of Long Island - genealogy (1635) GARDINER, Lion -- American engineer (1635) The Constitution of Plymouth Colony (1636) The Salem Covenant (1636) The Dedham Covenant (1636) Winthrop's Testimony (1636), the Boston Governor's account of his Christian experience. SNAPSHOT OF EARLIEST AMERICAN COURT RECORDS, including information about crimes and punishments--; The Pynchon Court Record , and earliest Springfield Court records, 11 Jan 1640/41 Massachusetts Body of Liberties (1641) Early written expression of the liberties asserted by the colonists in reaction to the oppressions of European governments. Areopagitica , John Milton (1644).

John Stuart Mill: On Liberty by Harvard Classics Volume 25 Copyright 1909 P.F. About the online edition. This was scanned from the 1909 edition and mechanically checked against a commercial copy of the text from CDROM. This text is in the PUBLIC DOMAIN, released September 1993. Prepared by <>. THE subject of this Essay is not the so-called Liberty of the Will, so unfortunately opposed to the misnamed doctrine of Philosophical Necessity; but Civil, or Social Liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual. The struggle between Liberty and Authority is the most conspicuous feature in the portions of history with which we are earliest familiar, particularly in that of Greece, Rome, and England. A time, however, came in the progress of human affairs, when men ceased to think it a necessity of nature that their governors should be an independent power, opposed in interest to themselves.

Images of Christopher Columbus and his Voyages - Guides, Reference Aids, and Finding Aids (Prints andPhotographs ReadingRoom, Library of Congress) No portrait of Columbus drawn or painted from life is known to exist. Many images depicting Columbus and his activities, however, can be found in the Library's collections. The images in this list were selected to meet requests regularly received by the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. The images are presented for educational and research purposes. Prints of the images may be ordered through Library of Congress Duplication Services References to additional images on this subject can be found in the Prints and Photographs Online Catalog. For a larger images, click on the picture. Prepared by: Prints and Photographs Division Staff.

The demographics of web search: which groups search for what? In a recent research paper, Weber and Castillo report: How does the web search behavior of "rich'' and "poor'' people differ? Do men and women tend to click on different results for the same query? What are some queries almost exclusively issued by African Americans? Here are a few details: What kind of web results would you personally want to see for the query "wagner"? And what are the "most discriminating" search queries for various demographic groups? Below the poverty line: slaker [seems to be an informal misspelling of "slacker"] kipasa [Spanish-language animation site] I had never heard of any of those. If you have a BA, the most discriminating search query is "spencer stuart executive search," followed by some other boring-sounding choices, such as "four seasons jackson hole." Whites: [concerns tractors and motorsport] central boiler wood furnace firewood processors midwest super cub African-Americans: For the pointer I thank David Curran.

Humanities Scholars Embrace Digital Technology The next big idea in language, history and the arts? Data. Members of a new generation of digitally savvy humanists argue it is time to stop looking for inspiration in the next political or philosophical “ism” and start exploring how technology is changing our understanding of the liberal arts. These researchers are digitally mapping battlefields to understand what role topography played in victory, using databases of thousands of jam sessions to track how musical collaborations influenced jazz, searching through large numbers of scientific texts and books to track where concepts first appeared and how they spread, and combining animation, charts and primary documents about Thomas Jefferson’s travels to create new ways to teach history. This alliance of geeks and poets has generated exhilaration and also anxiety. “The digital humanities do fantastic things,” said the eminent Princeton historian Anthony Grafton. “It’s easy to forget the digital media are means and not ends,” he added. Mr.

The WWW Virtual Library Index Perseus Digital Library Modern Money Mechanics | MMT simplified. The Johnsville News Encyclopedia of Earth Science Encyclopedia Reference For Business - Encyclopedia of Small Business, Business Biographies, Business Plans, and Encyclopedia of American Industries Chemistry: Foundations and Applications

Black-Scholes Model In their 1973 paper, The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities, Fischer Black and Myron Scholes published an option valuation formula that today is known as the Black-Scholes model. It has become the standard method of pricing options. The Black-Scholes formula calculates the price of a call option to be: C = S N(d1) - X e-rT N(d2) where Put-call parity requires that: P = C - S + Xe-rT Then the price of a put option is: P = Xe-rT N(-d2) - S N(-d1) Assumptions The Black-Scholes model assumes that the option can be exercised only at expiration. Warrant Pricing Warrants are call options issued by a corporation. When warrants are exercised, the company typically issues new shares at the exercise price to fill the order. α = m / ( m + n ) When using the Black-Scholes model to value the warrants, it is worthwhile to use total amounts instead of per share amounts in order to better account for the dilution. Black-Scholes Parameters for Pricing Options and Warrants