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Materialism

Materialism
Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all phenomena, including mental phenomena and consciousness, are the result of material interactions. Materialism is closely related to physicalism; the view that all that exists is ultimately physical. Philosophical physicalism has evolved from materialism with the discoveries of the physical sciences to incorporate more sophisticated notions of physicality than mere ordinary matter, such as: spacetime, physical energies and forces, dark matter, and so on. Thus the term "physicalism" is preferred over "materialism" by some, while others use the terms as if they are synonymous. Overview[edit] Despite the large number of philosophical schools and subtle nuances between many,[1][2][3] all philosophies are said to fall into one of two primary categories, which are defined in contrast to each other: Idealism, and materialism. History[edit] Axial Age[edit] Common Era[edit]

Idealism The 20th-century British scientist Sir James Jeans wrote that "the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine." Beginning with Immanuel Kant, German idealists such as G. W. Definitions[edit] Any philosophy that assigns crucial importance to the ideal or spiritual realm in its account of human existence may be termed "idealist". Subjective idealists like George Berkeley are anti-realists in terms of a mind-independent world, whereas transcendental idealists like Immanuel Kant are strong skeptics of such a world, affirming epistemological and not metaphysical idealism. Classical idealism[edit] Monistic idealism holds that consciousness, not matter, is the ground of all being. Anaxagoras (480 BC) was known as "Nous" ("Mind") because he taught that "all things" were created by Mind, that Mind held the cosmos together and gave human beings a connection to the cosmos or a pathway to the divine. Many religious philosophies are specifically idealist. therefore;

Dialectic Dialectic (also dialectics and the dialectical method) is a method of argument for resolving disagreement that has been central to European and Indian philosophy since antiquity. The word dialectic originated in ancient Greece, and was made popular by Plato in the Socratic dialogues. The dialectical method is discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject, who wish to establish the truth of the matter guided by reasoned arguments.[1] The term dialectics is not synonymous with the term debate. The Sophists taught aretē (Greek: ἀρετή, quality, excellence) as the highest value, and the determinant of one's actions in life. Socrates favoured truth as the highest value, proposing that it could be discovered through reason and logic in discussion: ergo, dialectic. Principles It is also possible that the rejection of the participants' presuppositions is resisted, which then might generate a second-order controversy.[7] Western dialectical forms

What Does the Zombie Genre Say about the Modern West? - Rw005g The ever-changing currents of a nation's cultural fibre, social mindset and mass psychology can often be traced by engaging in an in-depth examination of the popular culture prevalent at any given point in time. Oftentimes, fictional pieces, whether in magazine, novel/novela, musical/opera, movie or television show, when created during said period of time can often reveal more about mindset of contemporaries than most nonfictional accounts, even those written during the time period in question by so-called cultural observers and academics. A poor, 1880s-era, B-grade novel from Great Britain about some fictional character living in the ancient Roman Empire can sometimes and in some ways tell you more about Victorian Britain than it can about the realities of ancient Rome. When we look at movies and cultural themes, I am struck by the prevalence of zombie movies and novels. Clearly, these period pieces tell us more about Americans during this period then they do about Aliens. Who knows.

» CfP: What are zombies and why are they now so prevalent across both pop culture and academia? The Sociological Imagination Does it suddenly seem like the living dead are everywhere? Lumbering past cyborgs, mutants, werewolves, and, yes, even vampires, zombies are the monsters du jour. Zombies have taken up residence in the pages of fiction (literary hits such as Colson Whitehead’s Zone One, The Walking Dead comic books, pulp zombie apocalypse narratives such as World War Z, and young adult fiction such as Warm Bodies) and inhabit our various screens, from television shows such as AMC’s ubiquitous The Walking Dead, to movies (from 1968’s Night of the Living Dead to the more recent 28 Days Later, I Am Legend, and Shaun of the Dead), and video games (Resident Evil, Left 4 Dead). What are zombies and why are they now so prevalent across both pop culture and academia? Completed papers must be submitted by September 30, 2013. Submit electronic copies of completed papers (3000 – 6000 words). All manuscripts submitted, or revised, for publication must be in Microsoft Word format. (HT Critical-Theory.Com)

Towards a sociology of living death | Code and Culture October 13, 2009 at 4:24 am gabrielrossman | Gabriel | Daniel Drezner had a post a few months ago talking about how international relations scholars of the four major schools would react to a zombie epidemic. Aside from the sheer fun of talking about something as silly as zombies, it has much the same illuminating satiric purpose as “how many X does it take to screw in a lightbulb” jokes. Here’s my humble attempt to do the same for several schools within sociology. Public Opinion. Strongly disagreeSomewhat disagreeNeither agree nor disagreeSomewhat agreeStrongly agreeUm, how do I know you’re really with NORC and not just here to eat my brain? Criminology. Cultural toolkit. Categorization. Neo-institutionalism. Population ecology. Diffusion. Social movements. Family. Applied micro-economics. Grounded theory. Ethnomethodology. Conversation Analysis. 1 HUMAN: Hello, (0.5) Uh, I uh, (Ya know) is anyone in there? Like this: Like Loading... Entry filed under: Uncategorized.

Preparedness 101: Zombie Apocalypse Walking Dead fans, check out our latest post: There are all kinds of emergencies out there that we can prepare for. Take a zombie apocalypse for example. In movies, shows, and literature, zombies are often depicted as being created by an infectious virus, which is passed on via bites and contact with bodily fluids. The rise of zombies in pop culture has given credence to the idea that a zombie apocalypse could happen. Well, we’re here to answer that question for you, and hopefully share a few tips about preparing for real emergencies too! Better Safe than Sorry So what do you need to do before zombies…or hurricanes or pandemics for example, actually happen? Once you’ve made your emergency kit, you should sit down with your family and come up with an emergency plan. Identify the types of emergencies that are possible in your area. Never Fear – CDC is Ready To learn more about how you can prepare for and stay safe during an emergency visit:

How to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse: A Beginners Guide Zombies, zombies and more zombies. Everywhere you look these days, you’re bound to run into a bunch of bloody zombies. We’ve got books about zombies (‘World War Z,’ ‘Tooth and Nail’), television shows about zombies (‘The Walking Dead‘) and tons of zombie movies, like the classic ‘The Night of the Living Dead,’ and the more recent ‘28 Days Later.’ Not to mention the real life flesh-munchers like Rudy Eugene and others who are making us all believe that some sort of virus has been released on the masses that will no doubt bring about the zombie apocalypse. There’s no escaping the eventual takeover of the earth by the undead, it seems, so you’d best learn how to deal with your future human flesh-eating neighbors now. Zombie Etiquette 101: Advice For The Zombie Novice 1. 2. Most of the zombies you’ll come across don’t have a lot going on upstairs, except the never-ending urge to feed. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. You’ve got to be smart out there, and stay ahead of the pack.

The Zombie Manifesto: Marx & The Walking Dead | SociologyInFocus AMC’s award-winning zombie apocalypse drama The Walking Dead is currently in its third season of undead annihilation. The show’s protagonists are a motley crew of survivors, led by Sheriff Rick Grimes, who have beat the odds to stay alive in the Georgia wilderness. In this post, Ami Stearns pits the human group as communists employing classic Marxist tenets to avoid being eaten by the cold-blooded symbols of capitalism. “Society suddenly finds itself put back into a state of momentary barbarism; it appears as if a famine, a universal war of devastation, had cut off the supply of every means of subsistence; industry and commerce seem to be destroyed…” Karl Marx, The Zombie Communist Manifesto The Face of Capitalism? That sound of a twig snapping in the forest? I’m a sociologist, so I did what sociologists do; I analyzed the zombiepocalypse sociologically. The survival tactics of Grimes’ warm-blooded group in The Walking Dead can be viewed through the lens of Marxist theory. Dig Deeper:

Zombies and Ideology premiered on British TV last night. Based on the comic books of the same name, it has all the originality of a Westlife album and deals in tropes so tired they ought be interred in a nearby retirement home. But despite that, the pilot episode - 'Days Gone Bye' - works very well. Sheriff's Deputy Rick Grimes (Andrew Lincoln, or Egg from This Life) is wounded in a shoot out and wakes up in a hospital bed. In scenes reminiscent of 28 Days Later and Day of the Triffids he gets his bearings and staggers through a deserted but battle scarred hospital. Rick comes across a half-eaten nurse, walls daubed with blood, and a locked door bulging with trapped undead. And so the scene is set for a gripping and gritty pilot episode. Assuming the first season is deemed a success by notoriously fickle television executives I expect some elements of the comic book won't cross over to the small screen. But this in itself cannot explain why zombies are so zeitgeisty. What's this got to do with zombies?

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