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Cultural Differences

Chapter 5 Imagine this scene - you are inspecting a house with the possibility of purchasing it and you open a bathroom door to see a woman sitting naked in a bathtub. How would you expect the surprised woman to react? We Were Having Pizza at the Time All cultures walk on the same side of the pavement as they drive on the road. You'd also be stunned when you go to shake hands to say goodbye to an Italian but, instead, you get a kiss on both cheeks. As I departed, the Italian man kissed me on both cheeks. As you talk with local Italians, they seem to stand in your space, continually grabbing you, talking over the top of you, yelling in fact, and sounding angry about everything. Take the Cultural Test How aware are you of cultural differences in body language? Now look at the following hand signals and see how many different meanings you can assign to each one. For each correct answer you got, allocate yourself one point. What did you score? Why We're All Becoming More American The Japanese 1.

Intercultural Communication Articles For fresh articles and content visit our blog! Below you will find access to a range of articles relating to cross cultural and intercultural communication. The articles touch upon a number of topics that will be of interest to a wide range of reader involved in intercultural communication such as international business personnel, HR staff, people working in public services and in many other areas where intercultural communication is an issue. Intercultural Training Articles > An Introduction to Intercultural Communication - a basic summary of the purpose of intercultural communication. > Cross Cultural Communication Consultants - A look at the role, skills and qualifications of cross cultural communication consultants. > Definition of Intercultural Communication - what does intercultural communication mean? > Cross Cultural Understanding - an examination of common cross cultural terms and their meanings. > Stereotypes: An Intercultural No-No - why stereotyping is dangerous.

Icon, Index and Symbol: Types of Signs ICON, INDEX and SYMBOL (Long Version) Updated Sept 4, 2000 (R. Port), Linguistics L103, Fall, 2000 To the Short Version People who study signs and communication differentiate three kinds of signs: an ICON from an INDEX from a SYMBOL. First, we must note that a sign is a stimulus pattern that has a meaning. The icon is the simplest since it is a pattern that physically resembles what it `stands for'. A picture of your face is an icon of you. Of course sometimes there could be a dispute about what `physical resemblance' means and how similar it must be. An `index' is defined by some sensory feature, A, (something directly visible, audible, smellable, etc) that correlates with and thus implies or `points to' B, something of interest to an animal. Thus, Note that all of these above depend on a certain statistical regularity of part A (the signal pattern) with part B (the behaviorally relevant state). Notice that the correlation need not be perfect. Words as Symbols. Nonword Symbols. Conclusion.

Cultural Barriers Opening Page | Glossary | Menu Shortcut Page Effective communication with people of different cultures is especially challenging. Cultures provide people with ways of thinking--ways of seeing, hearing, and interpreting the world. Thus the same words can mean different things to people from different cultures, even when they talk the "same" language. When the languages are different, and translation has to be used to communicate, the potential for misunderstandings increases. Stella Ting-Toomey describes three ways in which culture interferes with effective cross-cultural understanding. Second are "behavior constraints." Ting-Toomey's third factor is "emotional constraints." All of these differences tend to lead to communication problems. Links to Examples of this Problem: Raymond Cohen--Negotiating Across Cultures: Communication Obstacles in International Diplomacy Cohen examines the effects of cultural differences on international negotiations and diplomacy. (see Cohen, above) Dialogue

Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions - Leadership Training from MindTools Understanding Workplace Values Around the World Learn how to be more sensitive to the needs of people in different cultures. We know that we are living in a global age. Technology has brought everyone much closer together. This is exciting, but it can also be frustrating and fraught with uncertainty. Building connections with people from around the world is just one dimension of cultural diversity. How can we understand cultural differences? Fortunately, psychologist Dr Geert Hofstede asked himself this question in the 1970s. With access to people working for the same organization in over 40 countries of the world, he collected cultural data and analyzed his findings. He scored each country using a scale of roughly 0 to 100 for each dimension. The Five Dimensions of Culture Armed with a large database of cultural statistics, Hofstede analyzed the results and found clear patterns of similarity and difference amid the responses along these five dimensions. The five dimensions are: 1. 2. 3.

Semiotic elements and classes of signs Peirce conceives of and discusses things like representations, interpretations, and assertions broadly and in terms of philosophical logic, rather than in terms of psychology, linguistics, or social studies. He places philosophy at a level of generality between mathematics and the special sciences of nature and mind, such that it draws principles from mathematics and supplies principles to special sciences.[2] On one hand, his semiotic does not resort to special experiences or special experiments in order to settle its questions. On the other hand he draws continually on examples from common experience, and his semiotic is not contained in a mathematical or deductive system and does not proceed chiefly by drawing necessary conclusions about purely hypothetical objects or cases. As philosophical logic, it is about the drawing of conclusions deductive, inductive, or hypothetically explanatory. Semiotic elements[edit] Thought is not necessarily connected with a brain. Sign relation[edit]

Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory Overview[edit] Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is a framework for cross-cultural communication. Hofstede developed his original model as a result of using factor analysis to examine the results of a world-wide survey of employee values by IBM in the 1960s and 1970s. The theory was one of the first that could be quantified, and could be used to explain observed differences between cultures. The original theory proposed four dimensions along which cultural values could be analyzed: individualism-collectivism; uncertainty avoidance; power distance (strength of social hierarchy) and masculinity-femininity (task orientation versus person-orientation). Hofstede's work established a major research tradition in cross-cultural psychology and has also been drawn upon by researchers and consultants in many fields relating to international business and communication. History[edit] In 1965, Geert founded the personnel research department of IBM Europe (which he managed until 1971).

2012-2013 Ders İçerikleri Taslağı by Zeynep ozkazanc on Prezi interkulturelle Trainings | interkulturelle Weiterbildung | E-Learning - interculture... Ihre erste Adresse für Interkulturelles Training/ Coaching | Weiterbildung | E-Learning - Start This Is Not a Pipe - Michel Foucault Michel Foucault was born on October 15, 1926, in Poitiers, France, and was educated at the Sorbonne, in Paris. He taught at colleges all across Europe, including the Universities of Lill, Uppsala, Hamburg, and Warsaw, before returning to France. There he taught at the University of Paris and the College of France, where he served as the chairman of History of Systems of Thought until his death.

untry Profiles - Guides to Culture, Etiquette, Customs and Protocol Understanding other people's languages, cultures, etiquettes and taboos is of great value to the traveller or visiting business person. Scroll down the page for information on a selected number of countries. Topics include language, useful phrases, the society, culture, business and social etiquettes. You can access Useful Phrases here or through the corresponding country. Please feel free to share comments you may have about our guides as we are always looking to improve the quality and accuracy of information. This information is also available as an App for the iPhone. Etiquette, Customs and Protocol Guides Warning! It is important to bear in mind that these guides act as basic and general introductions only. Each society, country and culture will have numerous nuances that would make it irresponsible to suggest a uniform approach to understanding any country's social/business culture or etiquette.

» El Lissitzky and Modernism El Lissitzky, Russian born in 1890, was one of the few to influence the Bauhaus school of design in the early 1900′s. Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge - El Lissitzky - 1919 His use of primary colours and shapes demonstrated the relationship between design and the events that took place. For example, Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge, designed in 1920, depicts the Russian Civil War. The red wedge symbolizes the Bolshevick army defeating the white circle, representing the Confederation of Counter-Revolutionary Forces. Neuer was one of several lithograph pieces for the electromechanical show Victory Over the Sun. Neuer (New Man) - El Lissitzky - 1923 Here are some of the other pieces from his “recasting of the opera Victory Over the Sun into an electromechanical show for figurines”(Getty Research); Ansager (Announcer) - El Lissitzky - 1923 Alter (Old Man) - El Lissitzky - 1923 Aside from his Proun works, he illustrated for a Yiddish book. In the “proun” period El Lissitzky shifted gears.