The Boy in the Striped Pajamas (2008 Neither Here nor There: Travels in Europe Neither Here Nor There: Travels in Europe is a 1991 humorous travelogue by American writer Bill Bryson. It documents the author's tour of Europe in 1990, with many flash-backs to two summer tours he made in 1972 and 1973 in his college days. Parts featuring his 1973 tour, focus to a large extent on the pseudonymous "Stephen Katz" who accompanied Bryson, and who would play a more prominent role in Bryson's later book A Walk in the Woods, as well as appearing in The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid. Unlike Bryson's later books, Neither Here Nor There is marked by his solo observations; he does not seem to engage locals in conversation in his travels, nor is there as much detailed research about the history, flora and fauna of the places visited.
Introduction to the Holocaust The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. During the era of the Holocaust, German authorities also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). WHAT WAS THE HOLOCAUST? Although Jews, whom the Nazis deemed a priority danger to Germany, were the primary victims of Nazi racism, other victims included some 200,000 Roma (Gypsies). As Nazi tyranny spread across Europe, the Germans and their collaborators persecuted and murdered millions of other people. Further Reading Bergen, Doris. Dawidowicz, Lucy S.
The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas (film) The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is a 2008 British-Irish historical-drama buddy film based on the novel of the same name by Irish writer John Boyne. Directed by Mark Herman and produced by David Heyman, it stars Asa Butterfield, Jack Scanlon, David Thewlis, Vera Farmiga, Amber Beattie and Rupert Friend. This film is a Holocaust drama, and it explores the horror of a World War II Nazi extermination camp through the eyes of two 8-year-old boys; one the son of the camp's Nazi commandant, the other a Jewish inmate. The film opens in Berlin in Nazi Germany during the Holocaust where a little boy named Bruno (Asa Butterfield) is seen playing with his three friends. After arriving home he learns that his father Ralf (David Thewlis) has been promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer Commandant. After a party to celebrate the promotion, Bruno, his father, Bruno's mother Elsa (Vera Farmiga) and older sister Gretel (Amber Beattie) relocate to Poland. At the house, Bruno's absence is noticed.
Uppgift 4 | Pojken i randig pyjamas 1. Vad händer med Bruno och Shmuel i slutet av boken? Bruno och Shmuel kommer på en idé; att Shmuel ska hämta en extra pyjamas och en hatt för att dölja håret till Bruno, så att han kan gräva ett hål under stängslet och krypa under. Planen går som planerat och Bruno är inne. Bruno och Shmuel går en bit in i Auswich och till en av barackerna, men hinner inte vara där länge innan en nazist för ut alla judar i baracken inklusive Bruno och Shmuel. 2. När Brunos pappa inser vad som har hänt med Bruno blir han helt knäckt. 3. Jag tror nog att författaren vill ge en varning, men också tror att det är så. 4. Jag tycker slutet var ordentligt bra. Jag kommer inte på något bättre slut just nu och jag känner att det inte finns något jag skulle vilja ändra 5. Jag tror att bokens budskap var att visa hur hemska tiderna har varit och att nazism inte borde tolereras på något sätt. 6.
The Metamorphosis The Metamorphosis (German: Die Verwandlung, also sometimes translated as The Transformation) is a novella by Franz Kafka, first published in 1915. It has been cited as one of the seminal works of fiction of the 20th century and is studied in colleges and universities across the Western world. The story begins with a traveling salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking to find himself transformed (metamorphosed) into a large, monstrous insect-like creature. The cause of Samsa's transformation is never revealed, and Kafka himself never gave an explanation. The rest of Kafka's novella deals with Gregor's attempts to adjust to his new condition as he deals with being burdensome to his parents and sister, who are repulsed by the horrible, verminous creature Gregor has become. Plot Part I One day, Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman, wakes up to find himself transformed into an ungeheures Ungeziefer, literally "monstrous vermin", often interpreted as a giant bug or insect. Part II Mr. Mr.
Genocide Raphael Lemkin, in his work Axis Rule in Occupied Europe (1944), coined the term "genocide" by combining Greek genos (γένος; race, people) and Latin cīdere (to kill). Lemkin defined genocide as follows: "Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation. It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. During a video interview with Raphael Lemkin, the interviewer asked him about how he came to be interested in this genocide. There was a gap of more than forty years between the CPPCG coming into force and the first prosecution under the provisions of the treaty. The exclusion of political groups and politically motivated violence from the international definition of genocide is particularly controversial.
Lesson Plan for The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Discussion Questions: See Questions Suitable for Any Film That is a Work of Fiction. 1. In the opening scene of the film, boys are running happily through an upper class area of Berlin. They run past a group of Jews carrying their meager belongings being herded into a truck. What irony can be found in this scene? 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Uppgift 3 | Pojken i randig pyjamas 1. Bruno och Shmuel träffas. Beskriv hur författaren beskriver likheter och skillnader mellan de två vännerna. I boken frågar Bruno hur gammal Shmuel är. Skillnaderna beskrivs mycket mer tydlig., Till exempel som att Bruno har det bra, och lever i en familj med en nazistisk kommendant som pappa, medan Shmuel behandlas dåligt i ett koncentrationsläger. 2. Varken Bruno eller Shmuel har någon att vara med som en riktig kompis, och de båda har olika saker som de bekymrar sig över. 3. Han ser massor av judar, på väg till Auswitch. 4. Författaren kanske ville få läsaren att tro att det var ödet att de skulle träffas, samt att det skulle bli mer spännande. 5. Shmuel tycker att Auswich är ett hemskt ställe, trots att han inte ens vet att de blir ihjälgasade och skjutna. Bruno tycker Auswich verkar jätteroligt. 6. Jag tror att många behandlar andra så som de själva har blivit behandlade. 7.
In Search of Lost Time The novel began to take shape in 1909. Proust continued to work on it until his final illness in the autumn of 1922 forced him to break off. Proust established the structure early on, but even after volumes were initially finished he kept adding new material and edited one volume after another for publication. The last three of the seven volumes contain oversights and fragmentary or unpolished passages as they existed in draft form at the death of the author; the publication of these parts was overseen by his brother Robert. Initial publication The novel was initially published in seven volumes: Swann's Way (Du côté de chez Swann, sometimes translated as The Way by Swann's) (1913) was rejected by a number of publishers, including Fasquelle, Ollendorf, and the Nouvelle Revue Française (NRF). Synopsis The novel recounts the experiences of the Narrator while growing up, participating in society, falling in love, and learning about art. Volume One: Swann's Way
The Holocaust The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt") also known as Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "the catastrophe"; Yiddish: חורבן, Churben or Hurban, from the Hebrew for "destruction"), was the mass murder or genocide of approximately six million Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored murder by Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, throughout the German Reich and German-occupied territories. Of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds were killed. Over one million Jewish children were killed in the Holocaust, as were approximately two million Jewish women and three million Jewish men. A network of over 40,000 facilities in Germany and German-occupied territory were used to concentrate, hold, and kill Jews and other victims. The persecution and genocide were carried out in stages. Etymology and use of the term Distinctive features Origins
Grammar Rules This is a quick, basic grammar review for nouns, verbs, and the sometimes confusing usage of lay versus lie, and rise versus raise. This reference can be used for term papers, grammar class reviews, or simply for anyone confused or curious about the basics of English grammar. Nouns 1. Noun Identification What is a noun? For example: Person — Maria Place — Detroit Thing — Desk Quality — Width Animal — Dog Idea — Independence Activity — Navigation Spot the nouns in a sentence: Maria went into the city to purchase detergent. Nouns: Person — Maria Place — City Thing — Detergent The functions of nouns Nouns sometimes function differently in sentences. Grammar vocabulary: Nominal means any word, or group of words, used as a noun. Types of Nouns The names of specific things, places, and people, like Maria or Detroit, are Proper nouns. General, colloquial names, like table or house are Common nouns. When it is a quality or idea, like freedom or justice, it is an Abstract noun. Count Nouns Examples: Verbs
The World War I Primary Documents Archive Sentimental Education Sentimental Education (French: L'Éducation sentimentale, 1869) is a novel by Gustave Flaubert, and is considered one of the most influential novels of the 19th century, being praised by contemporaries George Sand, Émile Zola, and Henry James. Plot introduction The novel describes the life of a young man (Frédéric Moreau) living through the revolution of 1848 and the founding of the Second French Empire, and his love for an older woman (based on the wife of the music publisher Maurice Schlesinger, who is portrayed in the book as Jacques Arnoux). Flaubert based many of the protagonist's experiences (including the romantic passion) on his own life. He wrote of the work in 1864: "I want to write the moral history of the men of my generation-- or, more accurately, the history of their feelings. The novel's tone is by turns ironic and pessimistic; it occasionally lampoons French society. Plot summary Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Sequence of appearances