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The Social Graph is Neither

The Social Graph is Neither
The Social Graph Is Neither I first came across the phrase social graph in 2007, in an essay by Brad Fitzpatrick, though I'd be curious to know if it goes back further. The idea of representing relationships between people as networks is old, but this was the first time I had thought about treating the connections between all living people as one big object that you could manipulate with a computer. At the time he wrote, Fitzpatrick had two points to make. Fitzpatrick subsequently went to work for Google, and his Utopian vision of open standards and open data became subsumed in a rivalry between Google and Facebook. This rivalry has brought the phrase 'social graph' into wider use. I think this is a fascinating metaphor. But right now I would like to take issue with the underlying concept, which I think has two flaws: I. The idea of the social graph is that each person is a dot in a kind of grand connect-the-dots game, the various relationships between us forming the lines. II. Related:  Sociologie des réseaux

Les nouvelles technologies : révolution culturelle et cognitive Conférence de Michel Serres © Inria / Photo J.-M. Ramès Publié le : 20/12/2007 Niveau facile Niveau 1 : Facile « Les nouvelles technologies nous ont condamnés à devenir intelligents ! Le 11 décembre 2007, à l’occasion des 40 ans de l’Inria, Michel Serres a donné une conférence sur la révolution culturelle et cognitive engendrée par les nouvelles technologies. Le philosophe donne rapidement le ton et invite son auditoire à prendre conscience de la révolution cognitive générée par la révolution de l’information. Voir la vidéo (1 h 04 min) : Alternative : écouter la conférence en MP3 : Newsletter Recevez chaque mois une sélection d'articles Aidez-nous à évaluer le niveau de lecture de ce document. Votre choix a été pris en compte. Michel Serres Philosophe et historien des sciences, académicien. Voir le profil

Welcome to Zug: the sleepy Swiss town that became a global economic hub | Business Nestling beside a lake overlooked by snow-dusted mountains, Zug seems for all the world like just another cute, affluent Swiss town. You could wander its cobbled Altstadt, sample its culinary speciality, a liqueur-drenched Kirschtorte, even stay on to see one of Zug's renowned sunsets, without ever imagining you were at a cardinal point of the global economy - or in a town that, for years, was the hideout of the world's most wanted white-collar criminal. According to the government of the canton, or region, of which Zug is the capital, there are 27,000 companies on its commercial register - one for every man, woman and child in the town, leaving a few hundred to spare. A Zug-registered firm is building the strategically critical gas pipeline that will link Europe with Russia via the Baltic. About 3% of the world's petrol is traded, either as crude oil or refined product, through Zug and the neighbouring town of Baar. In addition, Zug offered Rich a much-needed bolthole after 1983.

Escalation in Digital Sleuthing Raises Quandary in Classrooms - Technology By Marc Parry The spread of technology designed to combat academic cheating has created a set of tricky challenges, and sometimes unexpected fallout, for faculty members determined to weed out plagiarism in their classrooms. In the latest development, the company that sells colleges access to Turnitin, a popular plagiarism-detection program that checks uploaded papers against various databases to pinpoint unoriginal content, now also caters directly to students with a newer tool called WriteCheck, which lets users scan papers for plagiarism before handing them in. Meanwhile, faculty members at some colleges are adopting a reverse image-search program called TinEye, which lets them investigate plagiarism in ­visual materials like photos and architectural designs. Cheating is nothing new. One expert on plagiarism, Rebecca Moore Howard, worries that the widespread adoption of antiplagiarism programs is putting professors in the role of police officers. Student Use of Software Ms. Ms. David E.

Petite Poucette, la génération mutante Michel Serres, diplômé de l’Ecole navale et de Normale Sup, a visité le monde avant de l’expliquer à des générations d’étudiants. Historien des sciences et agrégé de philosophie, ancien compagnon de Michel Foucault, avec qui il a créé le Centre universitaire expérimental de Vincennes en 1968, il a suivi René Girard aux Etats-Unis, où il enseigne toujours, à plus de 80 ans. Ce prof baroudeur, académicien pas tout à fait comme les autres, scrute les transformations du monde et des hommes de son œil bleu et bienveillant. Son sujet de prédilection : la jeune génération, qui grandit dans un monde bouleversé, en proie à des changements comparables à ceux de la fin de l’Antiquité. La planète change, ils changent aussi, ont tout à réinventer. Vous annoncez qu’un «nouvel humain» est né. Je le baptise Petite Poucette, pour sa capacité à envoyer des SMS avec son pouce. Nos sociétés occidentales ont déjà vécu deux grandes révolutions : le passage de l’oral à l’écrit, puis de l’écrit à l’imprimé.

Philip Trippenbach What Is Sony Now? Sir Howard Stringer remembers when 2011 was going to be wonderful. “This was the first year of the payoff,” he says, “and next year was going to be the second.” As chairman, president, and chief executive officer of Sony (SNE), Stringer had spent six years trying to return the Japanese icon to its former glory and open a new era of growth. Sony expected an annual operating profit of at least $2 billion, its best in three years. A batch of new products was headed for store shelves, including its first tablets, a compact 24-megapixel camera, and a portable PlayStation player. Sony was also preparing to launch a global network that would connect the company’s movies, music, and video games to all its televisions, tablets, PCs, and phones—an iTunes-like digital platform. The feeling of imminent triumph ended abruptly on Mar. 11. He considered returning to Tokyo but decided against it. There’s more to Sony’s problems than acts of God and currency traders.

ABC de la sociologie des organisations - Cours de théorie des organisations La sociologie des organisations s'intéresse aux entités particulières que sont les organisations – définies comme un ensemble de personnes, de dispositifs techniques et de pratiques sociales en interaction - et applique des méthodes sociologiques à leur description. Elle étudie par exemple comment les acteurs construisent et coordonnent des activités organisées, l'identité au travail, la culture d'entreprise, l'histoire des formes d'organisation et la genèse des règles qui les régissent. On parle également de théorie des organisations, voire de sciences des organisations pour désigner l'ensemble des disciplines concernées (la sociologie, mais aussi l'économie, la gestion, les sciences politiques etc.). Dans le cadre d'un internet qui devient "massivement relationnel" elle s'intéresse à l'étude des réseaux sociaux et aux questions de l'identité numérique ou des identités numériques… Ces cours en diapositives animées, vidéo, pptx, pdf sont distribués sous licence Creative Commons 1. 2. 3.

Ten years of Windows XP: how longevity became a curse Windows XP's retail release was October 25, 2001, ten years ago today. Though no longer readily available to buy, it continues to cast a long shadow over the PC industry: even now, a slim majority of desktop users are still using the operating system. Windows XP didn't boast exciting new features or radical changes, but it was nonetheless a pivotal moment in Microsoft's history. It was Microsoft's first mass-market operating system in the Windows NT family. It was also Microsoft's first consumer operating system that offered true protected memory, preemptive multitasking, multiprocessor support, and multiuser security. The transition to pure 32-bit, modern operating systems was a slow and painful one. In the history of PC operating systems, Windows XP stands alone. The success was remarkable for an operating system whose reception was initially quite muted. It faced tough competition from Microsoft's other operating systems. In the end, none of the objections mattered.

Sociologie des organisations Sans nier la nécessité d'une unité, force est de reconnaître que les choses ne se passent pas d'une manière aussi harmonieuse, La vie quotidienne de toute organisation est constituée de conflits de pouvoir. Ceux-ci ne sont pas liés seulement à des ambitions personnelles, et, par principe, l'analyse stratégique s'interdit de porter des jugements moraux. On constate que des individus et des groupes, différents de par leur formation et leur fonction, ont des objectifs qui ne coïncident jamais exactement. Chacun a sa vision des moyens nécessaires pour assurer le fonctionnement de l'ensemble. Cette vision différente entraîne des stratégies pas toujours concordantes. On illustre facilement ce fait par le constat suivant. 1-. Ces exemples vont nous permettre de donner du pouvoir une première définition très générale : le pouvoir est la capacité pour certains individus ou groupes d'agir sur d'autres individus ou groupes. 2-. 3-. La troisième source de pouvoir est proche de cette dernière.

Palantir, the War on Terror's Secret Weapon In October, a foreign national named Mike Fikri purchased a one-way plane ticket from Cairo to Miami, where he rented a condo. Over the previous few weeks, he’d made a number of large withdrawals from a Russian bank account and placed repeated calls to a few people in Syria. More recently, he rented a truck, drove to Orlando, and visited Walt Disney World by himself. As numerous security videos indicate, he did not frolic at the happiest place on earth. He spent his day taking pictures of crowded plazas and gate areas. None of Fikri’s individual actions would raise suspicions. The day Fikri drives to Orlando, he gets a speeding ticket, which triggers an alert in the CIA’s Palantir system. As the CIA analyst starts poking around on Fikri’s file inside of Palantir, a story emerges. Fikri isn’t real—he’s the John Doe example Palantir uses in product demonstrations that lay out such hypothetical examples. The antifraud tools of the time could not keep up with the crooks. Michael E.

Hey, Let's Fix The Internet We're Forgetting To Not Be Jerks in Real Life When web-surfing became too boring in the early days, which happened almost instantly, me and my other twelve-year-old friends would stumble into anonymous chatrooms and stir s**t up. Just go in, figure out what was important to everyone chatting, and then talk about how s****y it was. Then we'd giggle and leave. Somewhere in the evolution of the Internet, that stopped being the case. Chris Gethard is a writer/actor/comedian who performs with the UCB Theater in New York.

Empirical Software Engineering As researchers investigate how software gets made, a new empire for empirical research opens up Greg Wilson, Jorge Aranda Software engineering has long considered itself one of the hard sciences. A growing number of researchers believe software engineering is now at a turning point comparable to the dawn of evidence-based medicine, when the health-care community began examining its practices and sorting out which interventions actually worked and which were just-so stories. The stakes couldn’t be higher. Broadly speaking, people who study programming empirically come at the problem from one of two angles. The other camp typically focuses on the “what” rather than the “who.” The questions we and our colleagues seek to answer are as wide-ranging as those an anthropologist might ask during first contact with a previously unknown culture. Along the way, our field is grappling with the fundamental issues that define any new science. Like all negative results, this one is a bit disappointing.

Une fausse petite amie pour rendre votre Facebook attractif? C’est bien connu un homme désiré est un homme désirable ! Pour les célibataires 2.0 les plus flemmards d’entre-vous, une nouvelle start-up américaine se propose de créer, moyennant finance, le profil de votre petite amie idéale. Elle retweetera vos tweets, likera vos posts et vous écrira des petits mots sur votre mur Facebook, augmentant ainsi vos chances avec une fille en chair et en os. Voila, une nouvelle étape vient donc d’être franchie dans l’importance des réseaux sociaux sur notre vie réelle, la « cloud girlfriend » est née. Dans une interview sur le site web Quora, le cofondateur du site, David Fuhriman, fournit des précisions importantes quant à la nature du service en disant: « C’est un site qui permet aux gens de définir leur petite amie idéale. Beaucoup de question restent cependant sans réponse. En conclusion, voyant que le site est déjà surchargé de requêtes au point que les webmasters ont dû créer une file d’attente, je dirais qu’on arrête pas le progrès !

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