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The Social Graph is Neither

The Social Graph is Neither
The Social Graph is Neither I first came across the phrase social graph in 2007, in an essay by Brad Fitzpatrick, though I'd be curious to know if it goes back further. The idea of representing relationships between people as networks is old, but this was the first time I had thought about treating the connections between all living people as one big object that you could manipulate with a computer. At the time he wrote, Fitzpatrick had two points to make. Fitzpatrick subsequently went to work for Google, and his Utopian vision of open standards and open data became subsumed in a rivalry between Google and Facebook. This rivalry has brought the phrase 'social graph' into wider use. I think this is a fascinating metaphor. But right now I would like to take issue with the underlying concept, which I think has two flaws: I. The idea of the social graph is that each person is a dot in a kind of grand connect-the-dots game, the various relationships between us forming the lines. II. Related:  Sociologie des réseaux

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Seniors get socialism, young Americans get debt | David Horsey Cartoons and Commentary Socialism for the old, raw capitalism for the young – that seems to be the new American Way. There are quite a few folks in their 60s, 70s and 80s freaked out by the phantom specter of creeping, European-style socialism who, at the same time, are oblivious to the reality that they already live in a socialist paradise. Americans over the age of 65 have free medical care and a steady income to the day they die provided by the federal government. Meanwhile, many young people in this country cannot find jobs, cannot afford homes and are weighed down by student loan debts. For the first time, a new generation of Americans appears destined to be poorer than their parents. Census data released this week indicates that the over-65 cohort boasts a net worth that is 47 times greater than the net worth of citizens under age 35. Coming out of college, I never worried about finding a job – everyone found a job. Today, unpaid internships are the rule.

Social Media Success Is About Purpose (Not Technology) - Anthony J. Bradley and Mark P. McDonald by Anthony J. Bradley and Mark P. McDonald | 2:57 PM November 1, 2011 In the real estate world, there is a saying: “The three considerations that most impact value are location, location, and location.” In the world of social media, they are purpose, purpose, and purpose. Nothing impacts the success of a social media effort more than the choice of its purpose. What is a good purpose for social media? If you’re like most executives (and you’re being honest), probably not. No wonder most organizations struggle with gaining tangible and significant business value from social media. That deficiency often leads to a worst practice we call “provide and pray.” The lesson? Facebook’s core purpose is for people to easily track what their friends are doing. Yes, some social Web environments have strayed from their original purpose. Choosing the right purpose is difficult (much harder than providing the technology). Purpose is a business decision.

Occupy Geeks Are Building a Facebook for the 99% | Threat Level Protesters volunteering for the internet and information boards of the Occupy Wall Street protest work and broadcast from their media center in Zuccotti Plaza on Oct. 2, 2011. Photo: Bryan Derballa for “I don’t want to say we’re making our own Facebook. But, we’re making our own Facebook,” said Ed Knutson, a web and mobile app developer who joined a team of activist-geeks redesigning social networking for the era of global protest. They hope the technology they are developing can go well beyond Occupy Wall Street to help establish more distributed social networks, better online business collaboration and perhaps even add to the long-dreamed-of semantic web — an internet made not of messy text, but one unified by underlying meta-data that computers can easily parse. [bug id="occupy"]The impetus is understandable. Now it’s time for activists to move beyond other people’s social networks and build their own, according to Knutson.

Welcome to Zug: the sleepy Swiss town that became a global economic hub | Business Nestling beside a lake overlooked by snow-dusted mountains, Zug seems for all the world like just another cute, affluent Swiss town. You could wander its cobbled Altstadt, sample its culinary speciality, a liqueur-drenched Kirschtorte, even stay on to see one of Zug's renowned sunsets, without ever imagining you were at a cardinal point of the global economy - or in a town that, for years, was the hideout of the world's most wanted white-collar criminal. According to the government of the canton, or region, of which Zug is the capital, there are 27,000 companies on its commercial register - one for every man, woman and child in the town, leaving a few hundred to spare. A Zug-registered firm is building the strategically critical gas pipeline that will link Europe with Russia via the Baltic. About 3% of the world's petrol is traded, either as crude oil or refined product, through Zug and the neighbouring town of Baar. In addition, Zug offered Rich a much-needed bolthole after 1983.

ABC de la sociologie des organisations - Cours de théorie des organisations La sociologie des organisations s'intéresse aux entités particulières que sont les organisations – définies comme un ensemble de personnes, de dispositifs techniques et de pratiques sociales en interaction - et applique des méthodes sociologiques à leur description. Elle étudie par exemple comment les acteurs construisent et coordonnent des activités organisées, l'identité au travail, la culture d'entreprise, l'histoire des formes d'organisation et la genèse des règles qui les régissent. On parle également de théorie des organisations, voire de sciences des organisations pour désigner l'ensemble des disciplines concernées (la sociologie, mais aussi l'économie, la gestion, les sciences politiques etc.). Dans le cadre d'un internet qui devient "massivement relationnel" elle s'intéresse à l'étude des réseaux sociaux et aux questions de l'identité numérique ou des identités numériques… Ces cours en diapositives animées, vidéo, pptx, pdf sont distribués sous licence Creative Commons 1. 2. 3.

Environmental determinism Environmental determinism, also known as climatic determinism or geographical determinism, is the view that the physical environment sets limits on human social development. A nineteenth- and early twentieth-century approach to the study of geography which argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences. Geography therefore became focused on the study of how the physical environment affected, or even caused, human culture and activities. Historiography[edit] Origins[edit] Environmental determinism's origins go back to antiquity, where it is first encountered in a fifth-century medical treatise ascribed to Hippocrates: Airs, Waters, Places.[1] In Roman times it is, for example, found in the work of the Greek geographer Strabo who wrote that climate influences the psychological disposition of different 'races.' Decline[edit] Subsets[edit] Climatic[edit] Economic Development[edit] Climate[edit] Location and Land Composition[edit] Latitude[edit]

Médias & Publicité : Les internautes délaissent un peu Google De nouveaux sites réunissent aujourd'hui les passionnés autour de centres d'intérêt communs. Un défi pour le géant américain et son moteur de recherche. Le Web fait sa mue. Aux États-Unis, Pinterest est devenu un véritable phénomène. D'autres services, dont le projet de départ n'était pas de créer de tels «index» thématiques du Web, y ont été poussés par leurs utilisateurs. De même, le site de questions-réponses Quora a adapté son offre en lançant le service «Boards» fin décembre 2011. Des cibles recherchées par les marques «Ce n'est pas la fin du moteur de recherche, car on en aura toujours besoin pour chercher un coiffeur pour enfants à San Francisco. «Facebook et Twitter ont montré qu'on pouvait découvrir des contenus par les autres, et nous assistons aujourd'hui à l'essor de réseaux sociaux de deuxième génération, les réseaux d'intérêts», analyse-t-il. Et pour certains sites médias, Pinterest renvoie déjà plus de trafic que Facebook.

Honest Hyperbole and Free Speech - Adam Liptak Here was a typical Twitter message: “15% of Cincinnati’s Fire Dept browned out today to help pay for a streetcar boondoggle. If you think it’s a waste of money, VOTE YES on 48.” Mr. Miller, 46, a mechanical engineer, said he expected a debate. What he got instead was a legal action from supporters of the streetcar project under an Ohio law that forbids false statements in political campaigns. In the end, Mr. “I’ve got to second-guess myself every time I sit down in front of a computer,” he said. Last month, at a Supreme Court argument over a federal law that makes it a crime to lie about military honors, Justice Elena Kagan asked about laws like the one that had ensnared Mr. It turns out there are at least 17 states that forbid some kinds of false campaign speech, according to a pending Supreme Court petition in a case involving a Minnesota law. At the argument last month, Solicitor General Donald B. Mr. But Mr. According to Mr. The case about Mr. Is it possible that some of Mr. Mr.

Philip Trippenbach Sociologie des organisations : définition de Sociologie des organisations et synonyme de Sociologie des organisations La sociologie des organisations peut se définir comme une branche de la sociologie qui étudie comment les acteurs construisent et coordonnent des activités organisées. Elle peut aussi se définir comme une science sociale qui étudie des entités particulières nommées organisations, ainsi que leurs modes de gouvernance et interactions avec leur environnement, et qui applique les méthodes sociologiques à l'étude de ces entités. Elle est à l'intersection de plusieurs disciplines, dont l'économie des organisations, le management et la théorie des organisations. Sens et enjeux Sens du terme organisation en sociologie Le terme organisation peut avoir trois sens distincts en sociologie : L'étude des organisations répond alors à une triple exigence : Enjeux La sociologie des organisations, en étudiant le phénomène de l'organisation, soulève certaines problématiques récurrentes, qui sont souvent liées aux tensions qui affectent les organisations. Les approches mécanistes[2] École des relations humaines

Geographic determinism Geographic determinism is the theory that the human habits and characteristics of a particular culture are shaped by geographic conditions. Coined by Ellsworth Huntington, the theory looked at the rise and fall of the Roman Empire from 400-500. Much of the fall of the empire had to do with a regional drought which decreased the fertility of the land and agriculture output. The theory has grown to encompass all environmental and geographic conditions and their impact on the social, political and economic forces of a society. Environmental determinism Pew Internet & American Life Project | The Mobile Difference Overview Cast a glance at any coffee shop, train station, or airport boarding gate, and it is easy to see that mobile access to the internet is taking root in our society. Open laptops or furrowed brows staring at palm-sized screens are evidence of how routinely information is exchanged on wireless networks. But the incidence of such activity is only one dimension of this phenomenon. The role of mobile internet access in evolving digital lifestyles is the cornerstone of the second typology of information and communication technology (ICT) users developed by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project. Motivated by Mobility: Five groups in this typology – making up 39% of the adult population – have seen the frequency of their online use grow as their reliance on mobile devices has increased. For 39% of the adult population, mobile and wireline access tools have a symbiotic relationship. The second typology is based on a December 2007 survey of 3,553 American adults.

Related:  Media & Tech 2011