What Is Operant Conditioning and How Does It Work?
Operant conditioning, sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning, is a method of learning that employs rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence (whether negative or positive) for that behavior.1 For example, when lab rats press a lever when a green light is on, they receive a food pellet as a reward. When they press the lever when a red light is on, they receive a mild electric shock. As a result, they learn to press the lever when the green light is on and avoid the red light. But operant conditioning is not just something that takes place in experimental settings while training lab animals. The History of Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning was first described by behaviorist B.F. Through the first part of the 20th century, behaviorism became a major force within psychology. Early behaviorists focused their interests on associative learning. Types of Behaviors Reinforcement Schedules
Related: PSY108: Reinforcement & Punishment strategies to promote road safety in Singapore.
• Reinforcement & Punishment: Promoting Road Safety
• The Power of Reinforcement and Punishment in Shaping Teenagers' Future
• Promoting Road Safety: A Psychological Approach
• How Parents Use Reinforcement and Punishment To Influence The Behaviour Of Teenage Children
• Reinforcement and punishment for parents, and how it influences the behaviour of teenage children
• Reinforcement and punishment: How Parents can influence the behaviour of their teenage children
• Parenting Teenagers: Reinforcement and punishment