Dave's Mapper | RPG Map Generator List of forms of government Government of any kind currently affects every human activity in many important ways. For this reason, political scientists generally argue that government should not be studied by itself; but should be studied along with anthropology, economics, history, philosophy, science, and sociology. Political science Etymology From Middle English government, from Old French government (French gouvernement), from Latin gubernatio ("management, government"). Classifying government In political science, it has long been a goal to create a typology or taxonomy of polities, as typologies of political systems are not obvious. It is especially important in the political science fields of comparative politics and international relations. On the surface, identifying a form of government appears to be easy, as all governments have an official form. [clarification needed] The dialectical forms of government Forms of government by associated attributes Aristarchic attributes
Serendipity One Page Per Day: A web typewriter for authors. Spatial History Project But what we understand about the creation of cities is limited to the sources available to us. Many sources (even recent ones) are often incomplete, inaccurate, or not easily adaptable to computational methods, no matter the power of the supercomputer. How can you fully describe a process or movement if all you know is the location of Point A and Point B? In our Geographies of the Holocaust project, we have this challenge in our study of the ghettos in 1944 Budapest (Giordano and Cole 20116). We know where Jewish residents lived, and where market halls were located. And, we know that Jewish residents were only allowed to leave their homes from 2-5 pm to do their shopping. Writing Fiction: Symbolism and All That Maybe you never got anything out of your literature courses except a strong dislike for “analyzing a story to death.” Sometimes the symbolic interpretation of a story or poem can seem pretty far-fetched. Nevertheless, as soon as you start writing, you start writing on some kind of symbolic level. You may argue that your writing simply comes out of your own life and experience, and has nothing to do with “literary” writing. What you write is really a kind of commentary on everything you’ve read so far in your life. This is not the place for a long discussion of the theory of fiction. To paraphrase Frye very crudely, every story is about a search for identity. A tragic story shows a person who moves from a socially integrated position (the Prince of Denmark, the King of Thebes) to a socially isolated one (a dead prince, a blind beggar). Fiction in the western tradition draws on two major sources: ancient Greek literature, and the Judaeo-Christian Bible. Questions?
Template for Creating and Building a New Fantasy Race for your Fictional World In fantasy world building and writing, the term "race" is loosely used to describe a sentient or sapient life form with a similar degree of intelligence and awareness as that of a human. Generally a new race will have shared traits and will be aware of its self and its environment. The way your race interacts with its environment will influence the local ecosystems and they will use the world's resources to better their standard of living and interact together in a social capacity. Creating an entirely new fantasy race can be a daunting task for a fantasy world builder or writer. A good race design template will help sustain continuity in the telling of your story and provide you with a good reference point when writing about your characters and their traits. Race Name(s)At the top of your race design template you should include the name of your race. As you build your characters and worlds, don't be completed restricted by the choices you have made in your race template .
Cliche Finder Have you been searching for just the right cliché to use? Are you searching for a cliché using the word "cat" or "day" but haven't been able to come up with one? Just enter any words in the form below, and this search engine will return any clichés which use that phrase... Over 3,300 clichés indexed! What exactly is a cliche? This is Morgan, creator of the Cliche Finder. Or, you might like my crazy passion project: Spanish for Nerds: Learning Spanish via Etymologies! Back to cliches... if you would like to see some other Web sites about clichés? © S. Special thanks to Damien LeriAnd to Mike Senter Morgan's Web page
War History Online - Military History Menuism: Italian Food Culture 101: A Primer by Marla Gulley, Italian Cuisine Expert for the Menuism Italian Food Blog When you think about Italian food, the first foods that spring to mind might be pizza, pasta, Parmesan, or gelato, coffee and maybe even bread and olive oil. You certainly wouldn't be wrong. However, the long list of Italian food stretches far beyond these particular boundaries to include risotto, polenta, fish and meats, along with copious varieties of salami, cured meats and cheeses, with vegetables certainly not forgotten. When you step off the plane with phrase book clutched tightly in hand, Italian cuisine and culture may reveal a few startling surprises. What we Americans know and love in the US as classic Italian food is not necessarily what you find being served in Italy. Take Caesar salad. Keep in mind that Italy has, just this past year, celebrated 150 years of united togetherness. There are some differences that might surprise you. Coffee, For Italians 8 of 9 Photo by Flickr user jayneandd.
Sample World-Building Questions, By Request I’ve had some requests to share my world-building questions from that 100+ page master list I have. Obviously, I won’t be posting them all. A good number of them are common sense questions. So I’m just going to pick some samples from a few categories to help people get an idea of some of the directions they could be going. I have mentioned before that the best way to do this for yourself is to pick out a really good, comprehensive history book and sit down with a pad and paper and turn each paragraph (or so) into a question. For instance, I have books on Roman history that discuss slavery in detail. Again, I would remind fellow urban fantasy writers that, even if we are working with the modern world, we need to provide complex and believable cultures for the supernatural beings we are introducing. And again I must give credit to Patricia C. Okay, on to some sample questions: How many people are there in this country? What is the infant mortality rate for this culture/region?
The Language Construction Kit This set of webpages (what’s a set of webpages? a webchapter?) is intended for anyone who wants to create artificial languages— for a fantasy or an alien world, as a hobby, as an interlanguage. The above is a sample of an artificial language of my own, Verdurian. How about a suite of webpages? Before I could write this little inscription I had to: Decide on the sounds of the language Create the lexicon Create the grammar Design an alphabet Decide how the alphabet is modified for cursive handwriting Translate the desired text You may have two reactions to this: The order of the steps above is significant. Let’s get going! The rest of the kit is organized into three files: If you’d like to read the whole thing as an e-book, it’s available on Amazon for a paltry 99¢. Where do I go from here? There’s a list of web resources here. And for plenty more information, check out the print version! Once you’re ready to create entire worlds, check out the Planet Construction Kit.
40 maps that explain the Roman Empire by Timothy B. Lee on August 19, 2014 Two thousand years ago, on August 19, 14 AD, Caesar Augustus died. He was Rome's first emperor, having won a civil war more than 40 years earlier that transformed the dysfunctional Roman Republic into an empire. The rise and fall of Rome The rise and fall of RomeIn 500 BC, Rome was a minor city-state on the Italian peninsula. The rise of Rome Rome's military Rome's powerful maniple formation Rome's powerful maniple formationIn the early years of the republic, the Roman infantry used a version of the Greek phalanx. The republic becomes an empire Julius Caesar conquers Gaul Julius Caesar conquers GaulIn 58 BC, Julius Caesar took command of Rome's northern frontier and set out to conquer Gaul, which corresponds roughly to modern-day France. The lost city of Pompeii The eruption of Mount Vesuvius The eruption of Mt. The culture of Rome The journey of Aeneas The journey of AeneasVirgil, who lived from 70 BC to 19 BC, was one of ancient Rome's greatest poets.