background preloader

Positive Punishment and Operant Conditioning

Positive Punishment and Operant Conditioning
Positive punishment is a concept used in B.F. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning. How exactly does the positive punishment process work? The goal of any type of punishment is to decrease the behavior that it follows. In the case of positive punishment, it involves presenting an unfavorable outcome or event following an undesirable behavior. When the subject performs an unwanted action, some type of negative outcome is purposefully applied. The concept of positive punishment can be difficult to remember, especially because it seems like a contradiction. Examples You may be surprised to notice examples of positive punishment in your day-to-day life. Because you're late to work one morning, you drive over the speed limit through a school zone. Can you identify examples of positive punishment? In all of the examples above, positive punishment is purposely administered by another person. Spanking as Positive Punishment While positive punishment can be effective in some situations, B.F.

Related:  Reinforcement & Punishment: Promoting Road SafetyResource for Teen Parents: Influencing Teenager's BehaviourPromoting Road Safety: A Psychological ApproachUsing Reinforcements and Punishments to guide TeenagersPSY108 TMA01 Part 1

Negative Punishment Punishment is an important concept used in the theory of Operant conditioning, whose main goal is to decrease the rate of certain undesired behavior from occurring again. There are two kinds of punishment This article will cover various aspects of Negative punishment. Negative punishment is the part of punishment, which also focuses on decreasing the rate of any specific undesired behavior from an individual. The concept works by removing a certain favorite or desired item from the individual’s life.

Negative Reinforcement and Operant Conditioning Negative reinforcement is a term described by B. F. Skinner in his theory of operant conditioning. In negative reinforcement, a response or behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing, or avoiding a negative outcome or aversive stimulus.1 Overview Negative Reinforcement and Operant Conditioning Negative reinforcement is a term described by B. F. Skinner in his theory of operant conditioning. In negative reinforcement, a response or behavior is strengthened by stopping, removing, or avoiding a negative outcome or aversive stimulus.1 Overview Aversive stimuli tend to involve some type of discomfort, either physical or psychological.

12 Examples of Positive Punishment & Negative Reinforcement You might be thinking that “positive punishment” sounds like an oxymoron, after all, how can punishment be positive? Not many people “like” punishment, right? The disconnect in understanding this concept comes from the usage of the word “positive;” here at, we generally use the term “positive” to refer to things that are inherently good, things that are life-giving, and things that promote thriving and flourishing. The concept of positive punishment comes from a very different era and a very different perspective on psychology; namely, the 1930s and behaviorism. So, what actually is positive punishment and how does it relate to parenting, teaching, and even the workplace?

Parenting Teens: When It Comes To Learning, Positive Reinforcement Trumps Punishment Teens generally aren’t afraid to defy authority. Generations of parents know this, having tried different strategies for getting their adolescents to do what they ask — often in attempts to keep them safe and help pave a path toward success. Now, a new study shows that rewards, rather than punishments, could be the way to get them to cooperate. Researchers at the University College London asked 18 volunteers aged 12 to 17 and 20 volunteers aged 18 to 32 to complete both a learning task and post-learning task in which they chose between abstract symbols, each associated with a fixed chance of reward, punishment, or no outcome. As the trial progressed, participants learned which symbols were likely to lead to each result and adjusted their choices accordingly. Adults and teens alike proved equally capable of learning to be motivated by rewards, but the adults learned to avoid symbols associated with punishment while the adolescents did not.

The Study of Punishment in Psychology Punishment is a term used in operant conditioning to refer to any change that occurs after a behavior that reduces the likelihood that that behavior will occur again in the future. While positive and negative reinforcements are used to increase behaviors, punishment is focused on reducing or eliminating unwanted behaviors. Punishment is often mistakenly confused with negative reinforcement. The difference: Reinforcement increases the chances that a behavior will occur and punishment decreases the chances that a behavior will occur. Types of Punishment

Discipline for Teens: Strategies and Challenges When your child becomes a teenager, your parenting role is likely to shift. You may find yourself becoming more of a guide, rather than an enforcer. That’s not to say your child won’t need you to intervene when there are safety issues or that your teen won’t need consequences. But, by now, it’s OK to let your child make some choices on their own, even when you think it’s a bad choice. Positive Reinforcement and Operant Conditioning In operant conditioning, positive reinforcement involves the addition of a reinforcing stimulus following a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future. When a favorable outcome, event, or reward occurs after an action, that particular response or behavior will be strengthened. One of the easiest ways to remember positive reinforcement is to think of it as something being added. By thinking of it in these terms, you may find it easier to identify real-world examples of positive reinforcement. Sometimes positive reinforcement occurs quite naturally.

Positive Punishment in Operant Conditioning [Definition & Examples] Positive punishment is often used in life when we want to suppress unwanted behavior. Let’s examine its definition, usage and examples, especially when it comes to parenting. What is Positive Punishment Positive punishment is a type of operant conditioning, a theory proposed by psychologist B.F Skinner. Its main purpose is to reduce the likelihood of an undesired behavior repeating in the future by applying an aversive stimulus after the behavior occurs. Punishments vs. Consequences: Teach Your Teen the Difference When I work with parents of teenagers, our conversations inevitably turn toward discipline. “How do get my teen to follow the rules?” “My teen won’t clean up after himself.

This is a summary of positive punishment and examples of how they can applied to real life situations. by callistael Mar 28

Related:  huiqiReinforcement or punishment? Raising your child correctly - A resource centre for all parentsParents Guide: Reinforcements and Punishments for Teenage ChildrenParents' Guide to the use of Reinforcement and PunishmentHow do we influence the behaviour of teenage children?Reinforcement and punishment for parents, and how it influences the behaviour of teenage childrenReinforcement vs. Punishment: Influencing the behaviour of teenagers4 Elements of Behavioural Conditoning for Teens