Positive Reinforcement and Operant Conditioning
In operant conditioning, positive reinforcement involves the addition of a reinforcing stimulus following a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future. When a favorable outcome, event, or reward occurs after an action, that particular response or behavior will be strengthened. One of the easiest ways to remember positive reinforcement is to think of it as something being added. By thinking of it in these terms, you may find it easier to identify real-world examples of positive reinforcement. Sometimes positive reinforcement occurs quite naturally. For example, when you hold the door open for someone you might receive praise and a thank you. In other cases, someone might choose to use positive reinforcement very deliberately in order to train and maintain a specific behavior. Examples of Positive Reinforcement There are many examples of positive reinforcement in action. Can you identify the positive reinforcement in each of these examples?
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