background preloader

A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain

A Brief Guide to Embodied Cognition: Why You Are Not Your Brain
Embodied cognition, the idea that the mind is not only connected to the body but that the body influences the mind, is one of the more counter-intuitive ideas in cognitive science. In sharp contrast is dualism, a theory of mind famously put forth by Rene Descartes in the 17th century when he claimed that “there is a great difference between mind and body, inasmuch as body is by nature always divisible, and the mind is entirely indivisible... the mind or soul of man is entirely different from the body.” In the proceeding centuries, the notion of the disembodied mind flourished. From it, western thought developed two basic ideas: reason is disembodied because the mind is disembodied and reason is transcendent and universal. However, as George Lakoff and Rafeal Núñez explain: Cognitive science calls this entire philosophical worldview into serious question on empirical grounds... What exactly does this mean? Embodied cognition has a relatively short history.

19-3031.02 - Clinical Psychologists Diagnose or evaluate mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulate and administer programs of treatment. Sample of reported job titles: Child Psychologist, Clinical Director, Clinical Psychologist, Clinical Therapist, Forensic Psychologist, Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Licensed Psychologist, Licensed Psychologist Manager, Pediatric Psychologist, Psychologist Tasks | Tools & Technology | Knowledge | Skills | Abilities | Work Activities | Work Context | Job Zone | Education | Interests | Work Styles | Work Values | Related Occupations | Wages & Employment | Job Openings | Additional Information Tasks back to top Tools & Technology Tools used in this occupation: Technology used in this occupation: * Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware. Knowledge Skills Abilities Work Activities Work Context Job Zone Education Interests Interest code: ISA Work Styles Work Values Related Occupations .

Nikolay Lossky Life[edit] Lossky was born in Krāslava, Latvia (then in the Russian Empire). His father, Onufry Lossky, was a Russian with Polish roots and an Orthodox Christian; his mother Adelajda Przylenicka was Polish and Roman Catholic. He was expelled from school for propagating atheism. Lossky undertook post-graduate studies in Germany under Wilhelm Windelband, Wilhelm Wundt and G. E. Returning to Russia, he became a lecturer and subsequently Assistant Professor of philosophy in St. Lossky called for a Russian religious and spiritual reawakening while pointing out post-revolution excesses. Lossky was invited to Prague by Tomáš Masaryk and became Professor at the Russian University of Prague at Bratislava, in Czechoslovakia. In 1947 N.O. In 1961, after the death of his famous Christian theologian son Vladimir Lossky, N. Philosophy[edit] Intuitivism and Slavophilism[edit] Phenomenology and axiology[edit] Sobornost and the world as an organic whole[edit] Knowledge and memory[edit] [edit]

Neurodevelopmental framework for learning Neurodevelopmental framework for learning, like all frameworks, is an organizing structure through which learners and learning can be understood. Intelligence theories and neuropsychology inform many of them. The framework described below is a neurodevelopmental framework for learning. The neurodevelopmental framework was developed by the All Kinds of Minds Institute in collaboration with Dr. Mel Levine and the University of North Carolina's Clinical Center for the Study of Development and Learning. It is similar to other neuropsychological frameworks, including Alexander Luria's cultural-historical psychology and psychological activity theory, but also draws from disciplines such as speech-language pathology, occupational therapy, and physical therapy. This framework consists of 8 constructs, sometimes referred to as systems (Levine, 1998):[1] Constructs[edit] Implications for Educational Practice[edit] In Schools[edit] In Classrooms[edit] Individual Students[edit] [edit]

ASSC16 Keynotes & Symposia | ASSC Chair: Andreas K. Engel (Dept. of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology University Medical Center, Hamburg, Germany) Summary: Manipulating consciousness by anesthetic agents is everyday clinical practice. However, the key mechanisms underlying pharmacologically induced breakdown of consciousness are still largely unresolved. Unraveling the neural determinants of loss of consciousness, apart from its obvious medical advances, may shed new light on brain processes relevant for the emergence of consciousness. Introduction Andreas K. Talk 1: “Block of intracortical communication by propofol-induced neural hypersynchy” Gernot Supp (Dept. of Neurophysiology and Pathophysiology University Medical Center, Hamburg, Germany) Abstract: Manipulating consciousness by anesthetic agents is everyday clinical practice. Talk 2: “Is propofol-induced loss of consciousness a sleep-like state?” Melanie Boly (Coma Science Group, University of Liege, Belgium) Summary: Manos Tsakiris (University of London, UK) Public

5 Ways Your Brain Is Messing With Your Head What is it? It's sometimes called subconscious plagiarism. It's what happens when your brain rips off someone else's ideas and doesn't tell you, knowing nobody will believe you when you get caught later. Um, What? Among the many things your brain isn't good at is correctly remembering where your ideas come from. Despite what has to be an enormous temptation for people to jump all over that shit and claim it for themselves, Carl Jung discovered it. Although occurrences are pretty rare, there are still some famous cases: Nietzche accidentally didn't write quite a bit of Thus Spake Zarathustra, George Harrison was forced to shell out almost $600,000 over a song he "borrowed," and an early incident with cryptomnesia permanently ruined the celebrity-author career of Helen Keller, who wrote up a fairy tale that it turned out had been told to her years before--much to her surprise. Sad, because she never got to write Harry Potter and the Miracle Worker. Why Does the Brain Lie About it? Okay, fine.

Individual differences psychology Differential psychology studies the ways in which individuals differ in their behavior. This is distinguished from other aspects of psychology in that although psychology is ostensibly a study of individuals, modern psychologists often study groups or biological underpinnings of cognition. For example, in evaluating the effectiveness of a new therapy, the mean performance of the therapy in one treatment group might be compared to the mean effectiveness of a placebo (or a well-known therapy) in a second, control group. In this context, differences between individuals in their reaction to the experimental and control manipulations are actually treated as errors rather than as interesting phenomena to study. This is because psychological research depends upon statistical controls that are only defined upon groups of people. Importance of individual differences[edit] Areas of study[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] Further reading[edit]

Littlewood's law Littlewood's law, or adage, states that an individual can expect to experience "miracles" at the rate of about one per month. History[edit] The law was framed by Cambridge University Professor John Edensor Littlewood, and published in a 1986 collection of his work, A Mathematician's Miscellany. Description[edit] Littlewood defines a miracle as an exceptional event of special significance occurring at a frequency of one in a million. As a result a human will in 35 days have experienced under these suppositions about one million events. See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] Littlewood's Law described in a review of Debunked! 6 Things You Won't Believe Animals Do Just Like Us #3. Birds Are Grammar Nazis petinfoclub Spend longer than a half second on the Internet and you'll encounter someone so hung up on correct grammar usage that you suspect he's got sentence diagrams where his ribs should be. It helps if you say it in the wispy voice of a dying Southern gentlewoman. And for those of you who'd rather gouge out your own eyes than use or read bad grammar, hey, we get it. Well, hold your butts, kids, because some animals are just as concerned about good grammar as we are. Wait, what? Bengal finches not only have rules of syntax when it comes to songs, but they also get mighty pissy when other finches break them. Daily Bits"Welcome to Finchtopia, now LEARN FINCHISH." Researchers at Kyoto University recorded the tweets, chirps and chi-chi-chu-wee-reeeees of a group of finches, then played the songs back to a different group. empiricalzeal They started screeching angrily -- the kind of call usually reserved for intruding enemy finches. #2. Getty"People, please. #1.

5 Insignificant Things That Determine Who You Have Sex With #2. Whether You Approach Them or They Approach You Getty When you see an attractive person in a bar, chances are you will start working up the courage to go over and say hello. Not so fast. GettyThat should do it. Science Says: Don't mix up what we're saying here -- it sounds stupidly obvious to say, "The one doing the approaching tends to be the one who finds the other more attractive." That's not the point; the point is that if we put a gun to your head and made you approach a completely random guy or girl, the act of approaching will make you find that person more attractive. GettyThe obvious conclusion? According to experiments, anyway. Getty"I see you can bend your body at a 90-degree angle for relaxation ... It also brought the number of men and women who said yes to a potential partner almost exactly even, indicating that women's perceived "pickiness" when it comes to men may just be the fact that it has always been more socially acceptable for men to approach them first. #1.

Mapping out a new era in brain research The Human Connectome Project is giving neuroscientists a new perspective on the connections in the brain and how they communicate with each other. Copyright Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, UCLA and Randy Buckner, PhD. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, MGH. New maps of the networks of live brains could lead to better treatments for Alzheimer's diesease and schizophrenia. Copyright Paul M. Human Connectome Project Emerging field of "Connectomics" aims to uncover the complex secrets of the brain Human Connectome Project shedding new light on connectivity and functionNew advances could pave the way for treatments of brain disorders like autism (CNN) -- The complex architecture of the human brain and how its billions of nerve cells communicate has baffled the greatest minds for centuries. But now, new technology is allowing neuroscientists to map the brain's connections in ever-greater detail. More from CNN Labs: The credit-card sized $35 PC

Psychosynthesis: A Systems Psychology? | Molly Young Brown — Psychosynthesis and Ecopsychology My study of psychosynthesis over the last 30 years ago has shaped the philosophical foundation of my life. When I encountered systems thinking (also known as General Systems Theory or GST) ten years ago, I welcomed this scientifically based explanation for understandings I already held. I rejoiced in how perfectly congruent psychosynthesis seemed with the systems perspective. Yet somehow in the intervening years, I have kept these two disciplines fairly separate in my teaching and writing. It seems high time to address their integration. In one of the classes I took in systems thinking, a student spoke of the need for a systems-based psychology. General Systems Theory arose out of the biological sciences. What do we mean by a “system”? Certain patterns of relationship and information flow seem to inhere in all living systems, in plants, animals, ecosystems, social groupings, communities, and organizations. I. II. III. IV. Firman, John & Ann Gila. 2002.

This is what your brain on drugs really looks like This actually raises several questions... 1. Where did they get the drugs to begin with? 2. 3. In any case, I'm definitely looking forward to synthehol, regardless of Scotty's opinion of it, assuming it does what Data claims—like alcohol, but no deleterious side effects, like hangovers (anyone else remember Scotty's—and everyone else's—hangover from Undiscovered Country?) Undergrad_syllabi The Department offers a Master of Professional Studies (MPS) in Clinical Psychological Science program. This program provides rigorous training in the scientific approach to clinical psychology, emphasizing evidence-based psychological assessment and intervention. Students will be exposed to contemporary theories of clinical disorders and empirically supported interventions for the treatment of these disorders. The program is designed for working professionals and will prepare students for a range of careers in mental health and related areas (including research and education) and can serve as academic preparation for those interested in pursuing further doctoral training in clinical or counseling psychology. For more information on the MPS program please follow this link. The Department of Psychology also provides a unique training opportunity for mental health professionals. Our students are publishing and we want to share their publications with you!